Slovenia Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | September 7, 2022

Religion in Slovenia

About 80% of the believing population of Slovenia are Catholics. There are also Orthodox and Muslims.

Transport in Slovenia

Slovenia can be reached by plane. Brnik International Airport is located 26 km northwest of Ljubljana. The flight time from Moscow will be just over 3 hours. You can also fly to one of the capitals of nearby European countries, and then take the train. Getting by train from Moscow to Slovenia is possible only with transfers in Poland, Czech Republic and Austria or in Poland, Germany and Austria (this way will be more expensive), you can also get through Hungary. In any case, you will need transit visas through these states. Comfortable buses run between Slovenia and its surrounding European countries, and a ferry runs between Venice and the Slovenian coastal cities of Istria and Izola.

The railway network is well developed within the country. There are no domestic flights. The most convenient form of public transport is the bus. To travel, you need to purchase a token (at newsstands or tobacconists), a pass for an unlimited number of trips during the day or week (at red-colored kiosks), or pay the fare from the driver. City buses of the main routes usually run until 00:00.

To rent a car, you must have a credit card, driver’s license, driving experience of at least 1 year and be at least 21 years old.

Plant and Animal World in Slovenia

Slovenia occupies one of the leading places in Europe in terms of forest area. The mountain slopes are covered with coniferous forests, oak forests grow on the flat areas, where maple, linden and ash are also found, swampy meadows are located in the river valleys, and alpine meadows are high in the mountains. On the Adriatic coast, shrub vegetation is mainly found.

Of the animals in the local forests, there are a brown bear, a lynx, a wolf, a mountain goat, a chamois, a roe deer, a wild boar, a badger, a hare, a marten; among the birds there are wood grouse, partridges and a falcon.

Minerals in Slovenia

On the territory of Slovenia there are deposits of brown coal, lead, zinc, mercury, silver, and uranium.

Banks in Slovenia

Banks are open on weekdays from 8:00 to 18:00 with a lunch break from 12:30 to 14:00, on Saturday they are open from 8 to 12.

Money in Slovenia

On January 1, 2007, Slovenia made the transition from tolars to the Euro. Banknotes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros and coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents are used. There are 100 cents in one euro.

Currency can be exchanged at any bank, post office (the most favorable rate), hotel, exchange office and train station.

Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD

Political State in Slovenia

According to politicsezine, Slovenia is a democratic republic. The head of state is the president, the head of government is the prime minister, and the legislature is a bicameral parliament.

Population in Slovenia

The indigenous people of the country are Slovenes, they make up about 90% of the population, the rest are Serbs, Croats, Italians and Hungarians.

The official language is Slovenian. On the Adriatic coast, many locals speak Italian.

Cuisine in Slovenia

An integral part of Slovenian cuisine are rich soups – pork soup “sour juha”, beef broth “goveja juha”, mushroom soup, fish soup “ribji brodet”, soup with sausages “cevapcici”, vegetable soup or sauerkraut soup “vipavska iota”. The second is usually served with pork sausages “Krajjske klobase” with horseradish or onions, “strukli” – balls of dough stuffed with minced meat, dried ham “prshrut”, stuffed peppers, pilaf with mussels, crabs and shrimps, goulash “bograch”, cheese or walnut dumplings. The garnish for meat is mainly buckwheat porridge. For dessert, you should try the pie with nuts “potitsa” and “gibanitsa” – puff pastry with various fillings. No meal is complete without a glass of wine. Local wines are known all over the world, and especially such brands as “Teran”, “Porto”, “Refoshk”, “Shipon”, “Chardonnay Izbor”, “Lashki Riesling”, “Modra Frankinha” and “Khrastovets”. Of strong alcoholic drinks, they use “Vilyamovka” (pear vodka), “medicine” and “Khrushkovets”.

Ljubljana (Slovenia)

Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia. The city is located on the banks of the Ljubljanica River. It is believed that the territory of modern Ljubljana began to be settled as early as the 2nd millennium BC. In the 14th century BC. e. The Romans built here the military fortification of Emon, which they surrounded with powerful walls. In the 9th century, the city fell into decay, and the Slavs who came here began to build a new settlement.

Center of Ljubljana is considered to be located on the right bank of the river, on a high hill, the castle of Ljubljana Castle. Previously, it served as a residence for local feudal lords, and now it is the most visited place by tourists. From here you have a beautiful view of the city. The hill is surrounded by the old part of the city, which amazes with the number of squares, castles and churches, along the narrow streets there are small houses with various facades. A monument to the Slovenian poet Franz Presherna rises on Presherna Square, the Church of the Annunciation, built in the middle of the 17th century, the majestic Cathedral of St. Nicholas and the only park ensemble in the city – Miklosic Park are nearby. Near the square you can see three bridges spanning Ljubljanica. They were designed by the famous architect Jože Plečnik. The bridges are adorned with dragons, which have long been a symbol of the city. AT Ljubljana has Old and New Squares. On New Square, it is interesting to see the Lontovzh Palace, where the Academy of Sciences and Arts is located today. Republic Square is known for its huge Cultural Center. The left bank of Ljubljana is full of various museums. The City Museum has a large collection of ancient Roman art. Also of interest are the State Museum, the Museum of Natural History, the State Gallery, the Gallery of Modern Art, the Municipal Gallery and the Modern Art Gallery, the Slovenian Ethnographic Museum, the Architectural Museum, the Slovenian Technical Museum, the Museum of Archeology, the Museum of Beer and the Museum of Tobacco.

In Ljubljana You can purchase a special Ljubljana Card. It enables tourists to freely or at a discount visit the city’s museums, galleries, events, restaurants, bars and discos, travel by bus for free and cheaper by taxi. The validity of such a card lasts for 3 days, its cost is 3,000 dollars.

Ljubljana (Slovenia)