The music in Serbia can look back on a rich history. The oldest musical evidence goes back to ritual songs and dance melodies of the Slavs who came to the Balkans in the 7th century. Sacred music, which was largely influenced by Byzantine art, has prospered since the 10th century. In the High Middle Ages, epic poetry, performed by traveling minstrels at princely courts, spread. Classical music originated in Serbia in the 19th century, not least thanks to the work of the composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac (1856-1914)who combined European traditions with church music and folk melodies. After the First World War, there was a change in the direction of modernism with the young composers Petar Konjović (1883-1970) and Stevan Hristić (1885-1958). In Serbia there is a long folklore tradition that has become internationally known, especially in the form of brass music under the name Balkan Brass (also: Gypsy Brass) and shows clear influences of centuries of belonging to the Ottoman Empire. Balkan Brass originated in the 19th century mainly from Austrian and Turkish military music as well as Serbian and Roma folk music. Influences from other styles of music, such as B. Klezmer integrated. These influences can also be heard in Turbo Folk, which has a say in popular music in Serbia and other areas of the former Yugoslavia. The accordion is primarily used in traditionalist Serbian music. National instruments such as the gusle are mainly used for traditional, especially rural music.
A rich independent music scene has developed in Serbia, which can build on the youth scenes in the former Yugoslavia, which had been pushed back during the Miliošević regime. These include electronica acts like Darkwood Dub or indie rock combos like the Partibrejkers. The largest annual music festivals in Serbia are the “Dragačevski sabor trubača” trumpet festival in Guča and the ” Exit pop festival ” in Novi Sad. In 2007 Serbia took 1st place in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song “Molitva” (The Prayer) by Marija Šerifović. The unitary state of Serbia and Montenegro achieved a success with 2nd place in this competition in 2004 with the song “Lane moje” (My little lamb) by Željko Joksimović. Well-known Serbian singers include Đorđe Balašević, Lepa Brena, Željko Joksimović and Ceca.
According to mathgeneral, Serbia is a country located in Southern Europe. The architecture in Serbia reflects the country’s diverse history. Byzantine architecture is significant, especially in the numerous Serbian monasteries, some of which have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The members of the medieval Nemanjid ruling dynasty were the most important patrons of architecture. Since the construction of the Holy Sepulcher by the dynastic founder Stefan Nemanja in the Studenica Monastery, all other Serbian kings have acted as patrons of the arts and especially of religious architecture. A large part of the Serbian monasteries was built in the Middle Ages. In addition to religious buildings, numerous defensive structures stand out, the one with the fortresses Golubacand Smederevo, the city walls of Kotor and the fortress of Belgrade are among the outstanding defensive structures of the time. Other prevailing architectural styles in Serbia are the baroque in the north of the country and the oriental architectural style in Sanjak. In the capital, Belgrade, in particular, there are also numerous buildings from the interwar period in the modern style, especially Art Deco.
Commemoration of the 1st World War
In 2014, the centenary of the outbreak of World War I and the triggering attack in Sarajevo were an important topic in the Serbian cultural scene. The cultural processing of the historical event reflected the nationalist legacy of recent history and the resulting split in historical memory between national historiography and critical memory. On the anniversary of the attack, June 28, the leadership of Serbia and the Republika Srpska in Visegrad, eastern Bosnia, commemorated the outbreak of the First World War, separate from the international celebrations in Sarajevo. Place of the Serbian-national colored memorial eventwas Andrićgrad – a replica of the medieval city Višegrad, conceived by the politically controversial director Emir Kusturica, based on the novel The Bridge over the Drina by Ivo Andrić. The Muslim director Kusturica converted to the Serbian Orthodox faith as a result of the Balkan Wars and has risen to become an icon of the nationalist Serbian cultural scene.
In contrast to the nation-kitschy Andrićgrad, the Serbian writer and dramaturge, together with the Sarajevo theater director Dino Mustafić, staged the play ” Mali je ovaj grob ” (This grave is small), which is critical of the generation of young Serbian assassins from Sarajevo grapples.
Novi Sad European Capital of Culture
Serbia’s provincial capital Novi Sad will be European Capital of Culture in 2021. In 2016, the European Commission chose the capital of Vojvodina for the first time as a city in a country outside the EU after the Commission opened the program to the candidate countries of the Western Balkans in 2014. Novi Sad will share the title with Timişoara in Romania and Eleusis in Greece in 2021.
Vuk St. Karadžić