Religion in Russia
The most common religion is Orthodox Christianity. A number of nations profess Islam, Buddhism, Catholicism, Judaism, etc.
Transport in Russia
In most cities of Russia, you can use buses, fixed-route taxis and taxis to get around. Trolleybuses, trams and metros run in large cities. The most common mode of transport between cities is rail.
You can also rent a car, with or without a driver.
Plant and Animal World in Russia
Due to the huge spatial differences, the flora and fauna of Russia is very diverse. In its diversity, it surpasses, for example, Europe.
The number of known animal species in Russia reaches 125 thousand species. A characteristic feature of the distribution of species across the country is an increase in their number in the direction from north to south and zonality, that is, a pronounced relationship with natural areas on land and in the sea.
The main representatives of the fauna of the ocean coasts and islands are the walrus, bearded seal, ringed seal, polar bear; birds – guillemots, sea gulls, eiders. Auks and gulls form massive nesting colonies on the rocks – “bird colonies”. The most valuable fur-bearing animals live in the seas of the Pacific Ocean: the sea otter (Komandorsky and Kuril Islands), and the northern fur seal (rookeries on Tyulenye Island, the Commander and Kuril Islands).
The Arctic and the tundra have their own original Arctic faunistic complex. Of the mammals, these zones are characterized by lemmings (Norwegian, Ob and ungulates), arctic fox, and reindeer. Among the species inhabiting other areas, some gray voles, hare, ermine, wolverine, wolf are common here. Of the birds, tundra and white partridges, snow bunting, ryum, plantain, upland buzzard, snowy owl, as well as species associated with fresh water bodies are typical: geese, some ducks, sandpipers.
The main areas of Russia are occupied by the taiga zone. Forest lemmings, chipmunks, squirrels, flying squirrels, sables, elks live here, in the southern regions – deer, red deer, roe deer, columns, etc. The group of taiga mammals is supplemented by species that live in other areas: hare, brown bear, lynx etc. Characteristic birds for these territories are warblers, tits, crossbills, bramblings, waxwings, schury, nutcrackers, woodpeckers, hazel grouses, capercaillie, owls, owls. The fauna of broad-leaved forests is characterized by bank voles, yellow-throated mice, dormouse, ungulates (European roe deer, red deer, bison), as well as European mink, forest cat, pine marten, have been preserved in separate forests. Of the birds, several species of warblers and warblers, chaffinch, grosbeak, western nightingale, oriole, blue tit, woodpeckers, gray owl and a number of others are characteristic. Of the reptiles in this zone, the spindle is found,
The fauna of the Far Eastern deciduous forests, characteristic of the Ussuri basin, the middle and lower reaches of the Amur, is especially rich and diverse, it is distinguished by a mixture of northern and southern species. The Ussuri mole, the Manchurian hare, the spotted deer, the goral, the white-breasted bear, the harza, the raccoon dog, the tiger, the leopard, the Far Eastern forest cat, etc. magpie, widemouth, pheasant, mandarin duck, scaly merganser, etc. Of the reptiles – the Far Eastern soft turtle, long-tailed lizard, tiger and Japanese snakes, Amur snake. Of the amphibians – the Far Eastern tree frog, the Ussuri clawed newt.
In the steppes there are boba, ground squirrels, hamsters, jerboas, steppe lemming, mole rats, steppe pika, hare, saiga, etc.; from birds – larks, bustard, little bustard, steppe kestrel, eagles, demoiselle crane, steppe tirkushka, gyrfalcon.
The mountain fauna is characterized by considerable diversity, caused by the altitudinal zonality of landscapes and the sharp dissection of the relief. The most peculiar fauna of the Caucasus. Voles, mountain goats, chamois are found here; birds – Caucasian and Caspian snowcocks, Caucasian black grouse, large lentils, red-bellied redstart, etc.
Most of the territory of Russia is occupied by forests. In the north, these are coniferous forests of spruce, fir, pine, larch; from shrubs and herbs there are lingonberries, blueberries, ferns. As you move south, broad-leaved species appear – birch, oak, aspen, linden, maple. There is practically no steppe vegetation on the territory of Russia, since this zone was almost completely plowed up. In areas where it has been preserved, depending on the place, you can find feather grass, fescue, keleria, sedge, fescue, tulips, etc. The Far Eastern region of Russia is characterized by a very rich flora, there are especially many different types of trees and shrubs. The forests are dominated by Mongolian oak, hornbeam, linden, and maple. A unique feature of these forests are lianas – lemongrass, actinidia grapes. Oak and beech forests grow in the Caucasus,
Population in Russia
According to politicsezine, 145.5 million people live in Russia. In terms of population, it ranks 7th in the world. The national composition of the population of Russia is very diverse. More than 100 nations and nationalities live in the country. The majority of the population is Russian (more than 80%). Of the numerous nationalities, it should be noted: Tatars (over 5 million people), Ukrainians (over 4 million people), Chuvash, Bashkirs, Belarusians, etc.
The languages of all the peoples of Russia are equal, but the language of interethnic communication is Russian.