Romania Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | October 5, 2022

Religion in Romania

87% of the believing population of the country are adherents of the Romanian Orthodox Church, 6% profess Protestantism, 6% – Catholicism and 3% – Greek Orthodoxy.

Transport in Romania

Romania can be reached by plane or train. The most convenient way is air travel. Otopeni International Airport is located 15 km from Bucharest. Air transport is well developed inside the country , flights connect Bucharest, Constanta, Suceava, Timisoara, Satu Mare, Brasov, Sibiu, Tirgu Mures. Air travel within the country is quite expensive. The best way to travel around the main cities of Romania is by train. The country’s railway network is very extensive. The cars in the trains are of two classes, but the quality of service and the equipment of the cars are not very good.

City transport is represented by buses. Buses, trams and trolleybuses operate in Bucharest. Tickets for public transport are sold at special or tobacco kiosks and are composted after boarding. Also in the capital of the country there is a metro, they enter it with cards that are sold at the entrance. But it is best to travel in cities by taxi. Payment in public taxis is made by the meter, and in taxis of private companies, payment must be agreed in advance, but you can bargain.

In order to rent a car, you must be over 21 years old, have an international driver’s license and an international credit card. If you don’t have a credit card, a deposit is required.

Plant and Animal World in Romania

Most of the flat territory of the country is reserved for arable land, the rest is occupied by steppes and semi-steppes with a predominance of herbaceous plants. Starting from a height of 500 m, the slopes of the mountainous areas are covered with deciduous beech and oak forests with admixtures of plane tree, maple, poplar and birch; higher from 1400 m, coniferous forests grow with a predominance of fir and spruce. Alpine meadows are located at an altitude of more than 1520 m.

Bears, wolves, lynxes, deer, wild boars, foxes, badgers live in the forests. From birds – green woodpeckers, jays and gray owl. Red-breasted geese winter in the Danube Delta.

Minerals in Romania

In Romania, natural gas is produced on the Transylvanian Plateau and at the foothills of the Carpathians, the main oil production area is located in the foothills of the Carpathians, in the northeast and northwest there are deposits of hard coal, as well as burgundy coal in the southern part of Central Romania, in addition, gold, silver, salt, bauxite, manganese ore.

Banks in Romania

Banks are open Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 15:00, with a lunch break from 12 to 13:00.

Money in Romania

The national currency of Romania is the New Romanian Leu. The current currency replaced the former leu as a result of the reform on July 1, 2005, which provided for a denomination of 10,000 times.

1 lei is equal to 100 bani. In circulation there are banknotes of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 lei and coins of 1, 5, 10 and 50 bani.

You can exchange foreign currency in banks, but it is best to do this at exchange offices, the exchange rate there is more profitable. Exchange offices can be found on the streets of the city, in large supermarkets, at railway stations and airports. It is recommended to keep the receipts of the exchange, because before leaving the country, when re-exchanging local currency for a foreign one, proof of a legal exchange may be required. The easiest way to exchange US dollars in Romania. Credit cards and traveler’s checks are only accepted in expensive restaurants and upscale hotels. Traveler’s checks are best purchased in euros.

Rate: 1 Romanian New Leu (RON) = 0.22 USD (28.05.2022)

Political State in Romania

According to politicsezine, Romania is a unitary democratic republic. The head of state is the president, he is elected for a term of 4 years. Legislative power is in the hands of the Parliament, which consists of two chambers – the Assembly of Deputies and the Senate. Executive power is exercised by the government headed by the prime minister.

Population in Romania

About 90% of the country’s population are Romanians, Hungarians account for about 7%, Roma – 2.5%. Also, Germans, Ukrainians, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Tatars, Turks, Slovaks and Russians live in Romania.

The official language of Romania is Romanian, which was formed by converting the Latin language. Hungarian and German are also common, in tourist areas the staff speaks English and French.

Cuisine in Romania

Romanian cuisine was influenced first by the Turks and then by the French. The basis of Romanian cuisine is corn and vegetables, and the favorite dish of Romanians is hominy (porridge made from cornmeal boiled in boiling water). They eat it either with cakes – melay, or with cheese and herbs or with meat.

The first is usually served with a variety of thick soup “chorbe”, it is acidified with kvass, brine, kefir or other fermented milk products; cumin soup; white cabbage soup with sour cream; goulash; sour soup made from infusion of bran and cornmeal – “barsh”; soup with meat balls and vegetables; tripe soup; chicken soup with dumplings; as well as tomato soup with garlic.

From vegetable dishes, one can distinguish cabbage rolls from cabbage and grape leaves “sarmale”, tomatoes stuffed with meat, cheese and rice; stuffed mushrooms, “yofka” (a dish of homemade noodles, vegetables and dairy products); green onion stew; beans with smoked lard and bean puree. All kinds of salads with the addition of eggs, cheese or sour cream are very popular.

Meat dishes are also very diverse. Be sure to try the lamb stuffed with garlic, tokitura giblet stew, smoke-smoked goat meat, charcoal-grilled patricieni sausages, chicken stewed in a pot, cabbage stewed in layers with meat, tokane roast meat and vegetables, liver shish kebab “friguerui”, veal ragout “chulama”, a dish of lamb offal “drob”, grilled cutlets with “mititei” mustard, beef with red pepper and flour dumplings “paprikash de vintel”, Moldavian jelly from poultry and pork, lamb on a spit and kebab.

For dessert, dough dishes are served – Easter cakes “kozonaki”, puff pastry rolls, pies with brui cheese, sweet cheesecakes “pascha”, pancakes, “alivenzi”, with cottage cheese,

From alcoholic beverages, Romanian wines deserve special attention. The most famous varieties are Babiasca, Busujoca, Zgihara, Feteasca, Graça de Cotnari, Murfatlar, Odobesti, Cotesti, Kadarca, Panciu, Nicoresti, Furmint, Oporto, Sangiovesk, Kryatse, Mazharca, Tirnave, Tamiyoase, Stefaneshti, Dragosan, Sigarchi, Sadova Korabiya, Argesh and Dealu Mare. Very popular brandy “vinars” brands Vasconi, Pietroas, Zhidvey, Dorobants and Murfatlar. Of the national alcoholic drinks, plum moonshine “Cuyka”, Hungarian “palinka” and local beer “Ursus” are also interesting.

Cuisine in Romania