Romania Contemporary Literature

By | December 23, 2021

Contemporary literature oscillates between the two poles of “traditionalism” and “modernism”. Prose writers belong to the first trend: Mihail Sădoveanu, fruitful novelist, who, the perfect interpreter of the Moldavian popular soul, seems to embody in his prose a crystalline clarity as in his massive and good-natured figure of a gentle giant and dreamer, the type of the patriarch primitive and that in his very recent novel Baltagul (The ax) created one of the purest masterpieces of Romanian narrative art; Liviu Rebreanu, whose novel Ion is such that he can only be placed next to the Peasantsby the Polish Ladislao Reymont, who perhaps surpasses in organicity and perfection of cut while lacking the poetic note that constitutes the greatest attraction of the Polish novelist; Cezar Petrescu (Letters from a landowner ; Blackout ; The mechanical dance, etc.); Ionel Teodoreanu (In Medeleni ; The tower of Milena ; Goliath, etc.); Corneliu Moldovanu (Purgatoriul); Gheorghe Brăescu (Mr. General arrives with the lady ; Two foxes, etc.), humorist end; DD Patrascanu, also author of successful humorous sketches; Damian Stanoiu, whose tasty caricatures of monks and nuns are read with delight; Caton Theodorian, I. Ardeleanu (The diplomat, the tanner and the artist); Iean Barth, Victor Eftimiu, Alexandru Cazaban (Between woman and cat). Among the poets are worth mentioning: D. Nanu, Corneliu Moldovanu, G. Talaz, George Gregorian, and especially Nichifor Crainic who, among the traditionalist poets, represents, with Ion Pillat, the most important personality. Of the dramatic writers belonging to this current we mention: Alexandru Davilà (born in 1862), whose historical drama Vlaicu – Vod ăit is one of the masterpieces of the Romanian theater; Mihail Sorbul (born in 1885) who, with Patima ro ş ie (Passion of blood) has established himself as an original and vigorous playwright; Victor Eftimiu, author of In ă ir ş – te m ă rg ă rite (Thread your beads), Coco ş ul negru (The black rooster) and numerous other productions; A. De Hertz, author of gracious plays; Caton Theodorian (Bujore ş tii); Zaharia Bârsan (Trandafirii ro ş i); Octavian Goga (Domnul notar); C. Ciprian, whose best known work is Omul cu mârzoaga (The man with the nag); Victor Ion Popa, of which Ciuta (The somersault) and the very delicate Mu ş cata din fereastr ă (The geranium of the windowsill) should be remembered.
The prose writers belong to the modernist current: Hortensia Papadat-Bengescu, whose novels reveal to us a collector of rare and complicated impressions and a meticulous analyzer of states of conscience in dim light (The woman in front of the mirror ; Bach music concert ; Tragic drawings, etc.); N. Davidescu (Conservator and C.; The mute violin); Demetriu Theodorescu (In the city of the ideal); Emanoil Bucuţa (The Escape of Shefki); Gib Mihăescu (Alla Grandiflora); F. Aderca (The man who can be dismantled ; The woman with white flesh, etc.); Ion Minulescu (Red, yellow and blue ; Retried in the fourth year of secondary school ; The barber of King Midas, etc.); Ticu Archip (The collector of precious stones ; The adventure); Camil Petrescu (Last night of love and before the war ; The bed of Procrustes); I. Peltz (Vita imeressante yes and no of a certain Stan ; Strada V ă c ă re ş ti); Matei Ion Carageale (The Kings of the Ancient Court). Among the poets Ion Minulescu is undoubtedly the most authoritative representative of Romanian “modernism”. Its volumes (Romances for the future ; Conversations with myself ; Confessions ; To be read at night), are among the most significant of contemporary Romanian poetry, whose master can today be considered Tudor Arghezi (Measured words ; Mold flowers), who, for his perfect and daring technique, even more than for inspiration (remained traditional here and there), must be considered as the greatest contemporary Romanian poet. N. Davidescu, Mihail Săulescu, who died fighting for the homeland, Adrian Maniu, Camil Balthasar, Ilarie Voronca, Lucian Blaga, G. Bacovia, and especially Ion Barbu (Second game) are among the most characteristic representatives of avant-garde Romanian poetry. In the dramatic, the modernist tendency affirms itself from the beginning with Mihail Săulescu (The week of miracles); Ion Marin Sadoveanu (Anno Domini), Ticu Archip (The ring, Lumicino), Camil Petrescu (Strong souls ; Venetian act ; Mitica Popescu ; Danton); Adrian Maniu (Mastro Manole, in collaboration with I. Pillat); Lucian Blaga (Children’s crusade); and especially GM Zamfirescu (Miss Anastasia ; Sam, etc.), who, a follower of surrealism, tends to project events of everyday life into the cosmic and studied a side of the customs of the petty bourgeoisie of the suburbs of Bucharest, which had been neglected by Carageale. Minulescu also gave the theater interesting works (Parton the storks ; The unknown lover, etc.) full of wit, paradoxes and whims. For Romania 2019, please check philosophynearby.com.

Historical-literary criticism is represented by Ion Bianu (died in 1935), a pupil of Rajna, who highlighted the darkest problems of ancient Romanian ecclesiastical literature; from Iorga, from Densusianu; Pastoritul la Români ; Dante ş i sufletul latin ; Sufletul latin ş i poezia nou ă, etc.); Sextil Puşcariu who directs the scientific journal Dacoromnnia and, in collaboration with Matteo Bartoli, has written an exhaustive study on Istro -Romanian; from Bogdan-Duică (died in 1935), from Pascu, from Caracostea, from Cartojan and other minors.

The most important literary magazines are: Via ţ ă Româneasc ă, Gândirea, Vremea, Adev ă rul Literar, Via ţ ă Literar ă, not to mention a number of youth magazines that pop up everywhere in spring to die in autumn, but which often reflect interesting trends, and of other regional ones, such as, p. e.g. Datina (The Tradition) by Turnu Severin (Oltenia), Arhivele Olteniei and R ă muri di Craiova, Cele Trei Cri ş uriof Oradea-Mare (Transilvania), Analele Dobrogei of Constance, etc., who make the Romanian province participate in the national literary movement.

Romania Contemporary Literature