Qatar Country Overview

By | November 20, 2021

Qatar, Arab emirate on the Persian Gulf, on the peninsula of the same name. Most of the residents live in the capital. The economic basis of the sheikdom is oil.

Qatar was a British protectorate from 1916–71. Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (* 1980) has been the head of state of the emirate since 2013. The relationship between Qatar and the other Gulf states has been tense for a long time. The countries accuse the emirate of supporting terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State. As a result, at the beginning of June 2017, several countries in the Arab world broke off diplomatic relations with the emirate of Qatar. Flight connections have also been canceled.

The soccer world championship is to take place in Qatar in 2022.

  • Qatar is a country starting with Q. Check COUNTRYAAH to find other countries that also begin with letter Q.

Qatar Overview

Qatar, Qatar [k-], officially Arabic Daulat al-Qatar , German State of Qatar, state on the Persian Gulf, on the peninsula of the same name with (2018) 2.8 million residents; The capital is Doha.

Location and infrastructure

  • Location (geographical): Arabian Peninsula
  • Position (coordinates): between 24 ° 30 ‘and 26 ° 15’ north latitude and 50 ° 40 ‘and 52 ° 30’ east longitude
  • Climate: desert climate
  • Highest mountain: Qurayn Abu al-Bawl (103 m)
  • Road network (2016): 7 039 km


  • Annual population growth (2020): 1.6%
  • Birth rate (2020): 9.3 per 1000 residents.
  • Death rate (2020): 1.6 per 1000 residents.
  • Average age (2020): 33.7 years
  • Average life expectancy (2020): 79.4 years (men 77.2; women 81.6)
  • Age structure (2020): 12.8% younger than 15 years, 1.2% older than 65 years
  • Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2017): 93.5%
  • Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 151 per 100 residents
  • Internet users (2017): 96 per 100 residents


  • GDP per capita (2018): US $ 70,780
  • Total GDP (2018): US $ 192 billion
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 61,150
  • Education expenditure (2017): 2.9% of GDP
  • Military expenditure: n / a
  • Unemployment rate (15 years and older) (2017): 0.2%


Doha, Ad-Dauha, capital of the emirate of Qatar in the Persian Gulf, (2015) 587 100 residents, as an agglomeration 956 500 residents.

Doha. Doha, the capital of Qatar, grew rapidly due to the oil boom; the cityscape is dominated by modern architecture, some of which cites Arabic forms.

University, National Museum (ethnographic and historical collections), National Library; Financial and commercial center, seawater desalination plants, fisheries; Tourism; Deep sea port, international airport.

Due to the strong population and economic growth, the cityscape is characterized by modern high-rise buildings. 7 km away on the coast (Al-Markhiah) is the new University of Qatar (founded in 1973); modern building elements were combined with traditional air conditioning systems (wind towers). In the western suburban area, the Education City was laid out according to designs by the Japanese A. Isozaki ; Several branches of foreign universities have settled on the site. In 2008, the Museum of Islamic Art, designed by Ieoh Ming Pei , was opened at the port entrance, opened. Under construction are among others. artificial islands for tourism, the planned town of Lusail and numerous infrastructure measures for hosting the soccer World Cup in 2022. The new Hamad International Airport opened in 2014.

Qatar Country Overview

Asia Overview

Asia is the largest continent on earth and covers about 44.61 million square kilometers 1/3 of the earth’s surface. Asia itself is divided into different names, because otherwise it would be too confusing due to its size. Russia is also part of Asia and already has 13,122,850 km² of surface in Asia. However, 3,952,550 km² from Russia are in Europe.

A distinction is made between South Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, East Asia, Central Asia and the Near East (West Asia).

With a total population of around 4 billion people, Asia also has the largest population rate at around 60% of the globe.
Asia also has a large number of large and small island chains: Asia borders the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the east.
The border with Europe is formed by the Ural Mountains, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus.

With Africa, Asia is connected to the Sinai peninsula. Asia can connect to Australia via the Indonesian archipelago. America is located east of Asia and it only connects via water. The waterway is also known as the Beringstrasse. Asia has a coastline of 82,300 km. All coast sections are summarized here.

  • The coastline along the Indian Ocean alone is already around 33,600 km, making it the longest stretch of coast. The other coasts are formed by the Pacific with 27,300 and the Arctic with a total of 15,900 km. The Mediterranean and the Black Sea comprise a total of around 5,500 km of coast.
  • The largest lake in Asia is the Caspian Sea and covers almost 394,000 km². It is located in West Asia.
  • The deepest lake is Lake Baikal (Russia) and is 1,637 m deep.
  • The highest and most well-known mountain in Asia is Mount Everest (8,848 m above sea level) and extends between China and Nepal on the Himalayas.