Portugal Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | October 12, 2022

Religion in Portugal

Most of the population of Portugal (94%) professes Catholicism, and various areas of Protestantism are also represented. There are Jewish communities in Lisbon and Porto (200 thousand people). About 5% of the country’s inhabitants recognize themselves as atheists.

Transport in Portugal

The main urban modes of transport are buses and trams, there is a metro in Lisbon and Porto, and several lifts operate in the capital. Bus and tram fares vary depending on the distance. Tickets can be purchased in advance at the kiosk or from the driver (which is more expensive). A city bus ticket is valid for two trips and costs about 50 cents. The fare on the subway will cost 45 cents if you buy a ticket from the cashier, and 40 cents if you take a ticket from a machine. In Portugal there is a system of tourist passes for urban transport (bus, tram and metro, also valid for funiculars), which are available at many railway stations and metro stations. When traveling by taxi in the city, the fee is charged by the meter, and outside it – by mileage, including the return trip to the place of departure.

All cities are connected by excellent bus service (comfortable and inexpensive). You can also travel by plane of one of the domestic airlines – TAP Air Portugal or Portugalia. There is also the Azores airline SATA.

Car rental is possible with an international driver’s license and a credit card (or a deposit). The driver of the rented car must be at least 21 years old (in some companies – at least 23 years old) and have a driving experience of at least 1 year. The car is issued with a full tank of petrol, for which a deposit of approximately 60 euros will be charged. The deposit is refunded upon returning the car with a full tank. The rental price includes theft and accident insurance. If you plan to leave the car in another city, you should notify the company about this in advance.

Plant and Animal World in Portugal

Each region of Portugal has its own unique flora. The northern and central territories are characterized by lush vegetation. Plants from both northern and southern Europe coexist here. Mixed forests of Italian pine, oaks, filirea (stone linden) and chestnuts alternate with eucalyptus groves. On the southern coast, meadow vegetation is represented, as well as thickets of rockrose.

In the animal kingdom of the country, both species characteristic of central Europe (wolf, fox, marten, etc.) and northern Africa (genet, Algerian hedgehog, Spanish hare) are represented. There are numerous rodents, bats, many lizards and snakes. Portugal is located on one of the main migration routes of migratory birds, so many species of birds are found here. More than 200 species of fish are found in coastal waters, including commercial ones, including sardines, anchovies and tuna.

Minerals in Portugal

In Portugal, among minerals, deposits of tungsten and tin ores are of the greatest importance. Also in the country there are reserves of pyrite, copper, iron, uranium, beryl, there are small deposits of hard and brown coal.

Banks in Portugal

Most banks in Portugal are open Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 3:00 pm. Some banks in Lisbon are open until 18:00.

Money in Portugal

Until 2002, the Portuguese escudo was the currency of Portugal, since January 2002 the country switched to the euro. There are 100 cents in one euro. There are euro banknotes in circulation in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros and coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents. Until the end of 2012, the National Bank will exchange national banknotes for euros free of charge.

In Portugal, American Express, MasterCard and Visa credit cards are widely accepted, Cirrus and Plus credit cards are not accepted.

Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD

Political State in Portugal

According to politicsezine, Portugal is a parliamentary republic. The head of state is the president, who is elected for a term of 5 years. The head of government is the prime minister. Legislative power belongs to the unicameral parliament (Assembly), elected for 5 years. The Azores and Madeira have had their own government since 1976.

Population in Portugal

About 10.5 million people live in Portugal. The most densely populated coastal areas, where 70% of the population is concentrated. Nationally, the country is homogeneous – 99% are Portuguese. About 100 thousand people from Africa live in Portugal (refugees from the countries of the former colonies of Portugal).

The official language of Portugal is Portuguese. Spanish and English are also widely spoken.

Estoril (Portugal)

Estoril is the main resort of the Estoril coast, which starts 15 km from Lisbon and ends at Guinho beach near Cascais.

Estoril is a great place for a beach holiday. In addition, many tourists come here to see the sights of Lisbon , because getting to the country’s capital from Estoril is very easy. Estoril coast starts from Carcavelos beach, followed by Moitas, San Pedro and Tamariz beaches. All beaches are clean and well-equipped – each has parking, cabanas, showers, rental of umbrellas and sunbeds, as well as basketball and volleyball courts and much more. Tamariz Beach is Estoril ‘s most popular beach. It is located next to the Casino. Estoril Casino was opened at the beginning of the 20th century and is still one of the largest in Europe. It is forbidden to come to the Casino in beachwear, you can visit it only in suits with a tie (for men) and evening dresses (for women). The Casino has its own art gallery.

On the coast of Estoril there are 7 golf courses that meet international standards. In addition, the resort offers horseback riding along the coast and around the city. Estoril has an autodrome where motorcycle racing championships are held annually. The circuit also hosted the Portuguese Formula One Grand Prix until 1996. Estoril is the venue for national and international tennis tournaments.

Estoril (Portugal)