Pitcairn Islands Travel Guide

By | August 5, 2021

Pitcairn Islands

The Pitcairn Islands are a group of islands in the southeastern Pacific Ocean and represent a British overseas territory. The official name of the group of islands is “The Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands”. The Pitcairn Islands consist of four islands or atolls: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno. While Pitcairn is of volcanic origin, Henderson is a Makatea Island (upscale atoll), Ducie and Oeno are coral atolls.

Pitcairn Island is the remainder of a former volcanic crater and only 4.5 square kilometers in size. It is the only permanently inhabited island in the small archipelago.

The British government is now supporting the island government in their efforts to promote the economy and culture on Pitcairn. This included the opening of a museum. Every year around 10 cruise ships head for the Pitcairn Islands.

Due to a historical event, the Pitcairn Islands are world famous. Because the descendants of the mutineers of the Bounty live on Pitcairn. This mutiny was a decisive step towards freedom at the time. Even today this history is a topic in history lessons all over the world.
The mutineers at the time took Polynesian women. This is how their families and direct descendants live on Pitcairn today.

The islands of Oeno, Henderson and Ducie are not inhabited. Here you will find particularly beautiful reefs with corals in all imaginable colors. In the capital Adamstown around 40 people live. The city was named after the last survivor of the Bounty Mutiny, John Adams. For some time now, more and more residents have been migrating from the Pitcairn Islands. In 1948 there were still over 220 residents here. But since then many younger people have wanted to take advantage of their opportunities and have emigrated to New Zealand, Australia and Great Britain.

Pitcairn climate

As a country located in Oceania defined by cheeroutdoor.com, Pitcairn is located at 25 ° south latitude far from the equator. Nevertheless, the island still has a tropical climate. It has the typical tropical division into two seasons: a cooler and drier season in southern winter and a wetter and warmer phase in southern summer.

Another tropical feature is the abundant rainfall. The mean annual amount of precipitation is usually 1700-2,000 mm and is two to three times as high as in Germany. At 1,620 mm, the island of Henderson is less rainy than Pitcairn itself, where an average of 2,100 mm falls annually. There is a relatively constant 140 to 170 mm of rain per month throughout the year. The most precipitation falls in the months of December to February. Then the sky is very often cloudy. In some summers, however, there can also be occasional dry periods. But for Pitcairn, “dry season” usually only means that it rains a little less.

Another characteristic of a tropical climate is the fact that temperatures hardly vary throughout the year. The thermometer only fluctuates between 19 and 24 ° C on average. Temperatures rise highest in January and fall lowest in July. With these low values, Pitcairn differs climatically from the other South Sea islands in the tropical zone with their high temperatures. The relatively cool values ​​ensure that, despite the high humidity, the often unpleasant sultriness of the tropics on Pitcairn does not occur.

Best travel time for Pitcairn

Pitcairn offers visitors relatively warm temperatures all year round, but also a lot of rain. Therefore, the traveler should try to choose the months for his trip when there is not quite as much precipitation. This is the case between the end of August and November. It is then a little cooler than in the winter months; but it is still at least as warm as it is here in summer. Not bad conditions for a vacation on Pitcairn.

Pitcairn Islands – key data

Area: 47 km²

Population:
48 residents (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their wives from Tahiti. Most of the people lived on Pitcairn in 1937 (233), since then the population has declined, mainly due to emigration to New Zealand.

Population density: 1 resident per square kilometer

Population growth:
0% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Adamstown (40 residents)

Highest point:
Pawala Valley Ridge, 347 m

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m

form of government: Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to be declared a colony of Great Britain in 1838. Today the Pitcairn Islands are the UK’s only remaining overseas territory in the Pacific Ocean. The Pitcairn Islands are semi-autonomous, the interests of the island’s population are represented by a magistrate elected for three years. The magistrate is led by a directly elected mayor.

Head of State: Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952), represented on Pitcairn by Governor General Victoria Treadell

Mayor: Mike Warren, since December 9, 2007

Language: The official languages ​​in the Pitcairn Islands are English and Pitkern (a Creole language, a mixture of 18th century English and Tahitian)

Religion: Seventh Day Adventists 100%

Local time: CET – 9 am
On the Pitcairn Islands there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is in winter – 9 h and in summer – 10 h.

International phone code: + 649

Internet code:.pn

Pitcairn Island – Geography

Pitcairn Islands

The Pitcairn Islands are a group of islands in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, consisting of a main island, smaller islands and a few atolls. The archipelago belonging to the British overseas territory is located around 5,500 kilometers from New Zealand and South America. The total area of ​​the entire archipelago is 47 square kilometers. The archipelago consists of the main island Pitcairn, which has an area of ​​around 4.5 square kilometers, as well as some uninhabited islands and atolls. Pitcairn is the only inhabited island and has around 50 residents who are descended from the mutineers of the “Bounty”.

In addition to Pitcairn, the islands of Oeno with Sandy Island, Henderson, the Ducie Atoll and some other small atolls belong to the Pitcairn Islands. The individual islands have a very different appearance. Tiny Pitcairn is a relatively high island that emerged from an extinct volcano, practically the tip of a monolith rising out of the sea. The island only has a repeatedly interrupted, frayed-looking reef. Since the island lacks the coral fringing typical of the Pacific region, the surf hits the unprotected coast and affects it accordingly. Pitcairn has neither beaches nor coastal plains, as the cliffs rise steeply and seamlessly from the sea. The Pawala Valley Ridge is the highest point on the island at 347 meters above sea level.

Oeno and Ducie are classic atolls. Henderson is by far the largest island in the group. It consists of an ancient coral reef that was lifted above sea level by geological forces.