Peru Presidential and Congressional Elections
Congress elections on January 26, 2020
The congressional elections scheduled for the end of September 2019 due to the dissolution of the congress have resulted in a fractional congress. Of the 21 parties that ran for elections, only nine managed to pass the 5% hurdle. The party Volksaktion AP received 10.5% of the votes in front of the so far little visible “Agricultural Popular Front of Peru”, FREPAP with 8.24%, the “Alliance for Progress” APP with 8.1%, the PODEMOS with 8.04%, the «Purple Party» PM with 7.36% and Keiko Fujimori’s party: People’s power with 7.24%. The UPP, the left “Broad Front” and Somos, founded by the former Secretary General of the United Nations, Javier Pêrez de Cuellar and currently headed by Antauro Humala, who is in prison, were relegated to the back seats. The congress, formed by 130 parliamentarians, is composed as follows: AP 25 seats, APP 22 seats, FREPAP and the People’s Force 15 seats each, the UPP 14 seats, PODEMOS 11, SOMOS 10 and 9 seats each, the FA and the «Lila Party» ». A center-right alliance composed of AP, APP, PODEMOS and PM is emerging with a wafer-thin majority of 67 out of 130 seats in Congress (SOMOS could also join in).
According to ethnicityology, the absolute losers of the election are the people’s force, which was obstructionist in the last Congress, and the APRA. The latter got just 2.74% of the vote and Fujimori’s party, which had over 72 seats in the dissolved Congress, only managed 15 seats. Other MPs who entered the race for other parties, such as Bartra and Vilcatoma in Solidaridad Nacional or Heresi, Sheput for Contigo, were also punished by the voters.
It is noticeable that 25.3% of the electorate did not go to the ballot box and about 12% of the voters cast invalid or blank ballot papers. The regional distribution of votes is also revealing: PODEMOS concentrated on Lima and took seats in Piura and Lambayeque (northern Peru). FREPAP was strong in LIMA, Callao and Ica, in areas of the tropical rainforest and occasionally in the Andes. APP brought their votes in Lima, northern Peru and the central Andean regions. The Lila Party focused on Lima and Callao, as well as major cities like Arequipa and Piura. FP remained strong in northern Peru, even winning in Piura, Cajamarca: the FA consolidated its position in the southern Andes and La Libertad in northern Peru. UPP focused on the southern Andes. AP was elected less strongly in Lima,
Presidential and congressional elections from April / June 2016
In the presidential elections on April 10, 2016, the representative of the Volks-Kraft party and daughter of ex-President Alberto Fujimori, who was sentenced to 25 years for human rights violations and corruption, won with 39.87% of the votes, followed by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, the former Economics Minister Toledo, with 21.01% and the representative of the left “Broad Front”, Verónika Mendoza, with 18.78%. This made it necessary to have a runoff between the two winners: 40-year-old Keiko Fujimori and 79-year-old Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, an economist of German-French descent and favorite of the right, known as PPK.
For a long time, PPK was ahead of Keiko Fujimori in the polls for the runoff election, but in mid-May 2016 the tide turned in Keiko’s favor. According to the last election simulation before the elections (one week before the election, poll results may not be published) by IPSOS on May 29, 2016, Keiko would receive 53.1 percent of the valid votes in the runoff election on June 5 (exactly one week ago she had 52.6 percent received in the election poll ). This came at a time when the Drug Enforcement Administration DEAan investigation against the then General Secretary of the People’s Force, Joaquín Ramírez, for alleged money laundering and involvement in drug deals confirmed. As a result, the Secretary General and MP Ramírez, who has been in office since 2014, temporarily resigned from his post. Contrary to the expected negative impact of this news on voting sentiment against Keiko, she actually benefited from it. This can be explained by the successful handling of the affair, Keiko has distracted from the role of Ramírez and declared her innocence. The population seems to differentiate the problem, Keiko is clean and Ramírez, the culprit, has been removed from politics for the time being. The runoff seemed to be over – important eventsIn the week before the runoff election: The presidential candidate debate, the largest demonstration against Keiko and the support of Veronika Mendoza – leader of the “Broad Front” – for PPK, but led to a turnaround in the mood in favor of PPK. The first polls and quick counts after the runoff election, carried out by the election research institutes IPSOS and GfK, indicated a victory for PPK. After counting 100% of the votes, the ONPE electoral authority announced Pedro Pablo Kuczynski as the winner of the runoff election with 50.12% of the valid votes. The newly elected President of German-French descent showed himself to be ready for dialogue and sought cooperation with the opposition parties.