Peru Political Situation Part V
After releasing audio recordings of corrupt judges and prosecutors, President Vizcarra took an active role in the fight against corruption in the judicial system. He quickly nominated a judicial commission to propose reforming the sector by July 25th. In his government speech on July 28, 2018, he presented the first results of this commission and surprised everyone with three proposals for political reforms that mean a constitutional amendment and that should be confirmed by the Peruvian people in a referendum in 2018. These include a ban on the re-election of Congressmen, a return to a bicameral system and changes in the process of appointing judges and prosecutors.
Until the beginning of July 2018, the political development was determined by the political weakness of the executive, loss of legitimacy in parliament, and dissatisfaction in institutions and among the population. Organizations such as the transport companies recently and now the SUTEP teachers’ union are taking advantage of this boom to put pressure on the government and enforce its demands.
No sooner had President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (PPK) averted his impeachment in December 2017, when the opposition submitted a second motion in parliament for impeachment because apparently new evidence about relations between the president and the corrupt Brazilian construction company Obebrecht should be available. The key witness in the Odebrecht affair, Jorge Barata, testified before Peruvian prosecutors in February that the parties of Kuczynski, Keiko Fujimori, Alan García, Toledo and also the Association of Peruvian Entrepreneurs CONFIEP provided funds for the 2011 election campaign from Odebrecht. Some analysts interpreted the motion of censure as an attempt by the opposition to put a curtain of smoke over the affair.
According to extrareference, the publication of video recordings by Volks-Kraft, which are supposed to prove a possible influence on MPs by Kenji Fujimori in favor of PPK, gave Kuczynski the decisive impetus for his resignation. He resigned on March 21, 2018 and had been removed from office.
January 2018 was marked on the one hand by the announcement of new corruption scandals and on the other hand by the action taken by Parliament against representatives of the judiciary. The former is related to the wiretapping of Marcelo Odebrecht by the Peruvian authorities in Brazil. His statements incriminate Keiko Fujimori, Alán García and even PPK. The ex-mayor of Lima, Susana Villarán, is also under investigation after the representative of Odebrecht in Perú Jorge Barata testified that Odebrecht should have financed a campaign against her revocation with three million dollars.
At the beginning of December 2017, the judiciary took action against opposition politicians and entrepreneurs. Afterwards, President Kuczynski himself was in the pillory because he had repeatedly asserted that he had no relationship with the Odebrecht company. Last Saturday, however, he had to admit that he had carried out a consulting assignment for the company H2Olmos, which belongs to the Odebrecht group. The parliamentary commission dealing with the Lava Jato case presented documents on December 12, according to which companies with ties to PPK had received consultancy contracts from Odebrecht in the order of 782,207 US dollars between 2004 and 2007. During this time, Kuczynski was finance minister and prime minister of the Toledo government, as well as director of the investment agency Proinversion. Since Kuczynski did not want to resign, an impeachment procedure (“vacar la presidencia”) was decided by the Congress. On Thursday, December 21, 2017, the opposition’s motion against the president failed. Only 79 MPs voted in favor (2/3 of the active votes  were required). The son of Alberto Fujimori Kenji succeeded in getting nine members of the People’s Force not to vote. On December 24th – in an urgent procedure – the 79-year-old ex-head of state Fujimori was pardoned by President Kuczynski for “humanitarian reasons”. A that nine members of the People’s Force did not vote for it. On December 24th – in an urgent procedure – the 79-year-old ex-head of state Fujimori was pardoned by President Kuczynski for “humanitarian reasons”. A that nine members of the People’s Force did not vote for it. On December 24th – in an urgent procedure – the 79-year-old ex-head of state Fujimori was pardoned by President Kuczynski for “humanitarian reasons”. A A deal between a vote in parliament and a pardon is obvious.