Peru Political Situation Part II
The first case of the corona virus was confirmed in Peru on March 6, 2020. On March 15, President Vizcarra ordered compulsory quarantine and shortly thereafter a night curfew from 8:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m. This was initially valid throughout the country for 15 days. With this measure, Vizcarra took the political initiative again and achieved unprecedented approval among the population. On 09/29/2020 Peru has 811,768 Infected (on 08/30/2020 647 166, the 07/15/2020 333 867, the 25/03/2020 480 Cases) and 32,396 deaths (28,788 on August 30, 2020, and 12,229 deaths on July 15, 2020). The daily increase in the number of infected people was between 7,000 and 8,000 at the end of May, between 3,000 and 4,000 at the end of June, between 9,000 and 10,000 in August and between 3,600 and 6,000 at the end of September. Mandatory quarantineis restricted to three provinces from October 1st and the night curfew is set from 8:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m. In the last regions of Cusco, Moquegua, Puno and Tacna, in which the focussed compulsory quarantine applied until the end of September, the night curfew from 23:00 to 4:00 and the all-day Sunday curfew will apply from October 1st. The evening curfew will remain in place, but will be shortened to 11:00 PM to 4:00 AM Monday through Saturday across the country. In the four regions mentioned above, the curfew is from 8:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m. The rest of Peru has the same night curfew. However, the Sunday curfew is relaxed; Shops have reopened, but private cars are not allowed.Cabinet reshuffle on July 15, 2020.
On October 7, 2019, President Martin Vizcarra dissolved the Congress. Previously, Parliament had not responded to its request for a vote of confidence. Vizcarra also called for early parliamentary elections for January 26, 2020:
President Vizcarra’s answer was not long in coming. He convened his cabinet for an extraordinary meeting on September 27, 2019. Following this, he gave a government speech in which he asked the vote of confidence, which is linked to a change in the mode of election of the constitutional judges. Since the plenary session of the congress on Monday 30.09 met, it was expected that the question of confidence would also be dealt with. Various civil society organizations have also called for rallies in the country on Monday.
Led by Fujimori’s popular force, the government opposition has called for a counter-offensive. This still has a majority in Congress. She installed her candidate as President of Parliament for the next legislative term and also took over the leadership of most of the commissions.
At first it delayed the debate about the early elections, but suddenly it was still in a hurry to make a negative decision: on September 26, the executive’s motion was rejected.
According to historyaah, the election of the members of the constitutional court had been postponed for a long time and suddenly the responsible constitutional commission presented a list of 11 candidates. Agreement should be reached quickly on these personal details so that a decision can be made in the plenary session of Congress on September 30th. At the same time, the sister of Keiko Fujimori, who had been in custody for 11 months, applied to the Constitutional Court for habeas corpus for her release (it is well known that a slim majority of the judges are in favor).
The background to these opposition actions could be the disclosure of information from the former representative of Odebrecht in Peru, Jorge Barata. Corrupt members of parliament are said to have received funds for their election campaigns. Another questioning of Barata by the Peruvian public prosecutor is planned for the first week of October. The President, who returned from the US early today after attending the UN General Assembly, is discussing ways out of the political crisis with his cabinet. News leaked to the press that the opposition would be ready for early elections if they did not take place until late 2020 and the way for the creation of a two-chamber legislature was cleared. The latter would make it possible for congressmen to remain in politics, since re-election is not envisaged in the political system of Peru. A candidacy for another chamber would circumvent this rule. The political situation remains tense and is hampering economic development.
The government speech of July 28, 2019 initially seemed to follow the usual procedures (inventory and announcement of future goals), but towards the end of the speech Vizcarra surprised with the announcement of new elections. He submitted a reform proposal to Congress to call early presidential and congressional elections, which should enable the handing over of the business of government on July 28, 2020 to a stronger government. The aim is to overcome the country’s political crisis with a new majority in the executive and legislative branches. Last but not least, the last decisions in parliament prompted the government to take these measures. On July 25th, 2019, in the plenary session of the parliament, the executive branch’s bills on the candidacy of convicted persons, on the participation of the population in internal party elections, to abolish preferential votes, equal and alternate participation of women in electoral lists, private funding of election campaigns, and immunity for congressmen. The last one, in particular, was not in keeping with the original spirit of the proposed law.