Papua New Guinea Geography

By | August 7, 2021

Papua New Guinea geography

Papua New Guinea is a state in the western Pacific Ocean geographically assigned to Oceania. It includes the eastern part of the island of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, the Lousiade Archipelago, the D’Entrecasteaux Islands, the northern Solomon Islands Buka and Bougainville, as well as many small islands and tiny atolls. The total area of ​​the state covers 462,840 square kilometers, making Papua New Guinea the third largest island nation in the world after Indonesia and Madagascar.

As a country located in Oceania defined by, Papua New Guinea is located between Indonesia and the Solomon Islands north of Australia. The state comprises more than 1,400 islands, most of which are very small and either volcanic islands or coral atolls. The island is traversed by a central mountain range that runs from west to east, about 200 kilometers wide, in which extensive highlands extend. Deeply cut valleys and the inaccessible plains shape the appearance of the mountain range, which looks like a network of roots. Mount Wilhelm, located in the Bismarck Mountains, is the highest mountain in Papua New Guinea at 4,509 meters. The northern lowlands lie between the central mountains and the coastal mountains. A coastal lowland up to 450 kilometers wide runs in the southwest of the island. About two thirds of the island’s total population live in the rugged highlands. The main island of Papua New Guinea is relatively impassable because of the mountainous regions covered by tropical jungle.

The surface structure of the island is of completely different landforms definitely. The mountains are not only characterized by strong differences in altitude with steep mountain peaks and glaciers, they are also repeatedly cut through by wide and deep valleys, volcanoes and rainforest. Extensive grassy areas, high mountain forests and even plains with an alpine character are typical of the mountainous world of this island. The region between the mountains and the coast is covered by savannahs, fertile river floodplains and mangrove swamps. At 1,200 kilometers, the Sepik has long been the island’s river. Large coral reefs can be found off the coast in the north of Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea Geography

Papua New Guinea – How to get there

Airplane: most visitors to Papua New Guinea travel by air. The only flights are offered by the national airline Air Niugini and PNG Airlines.
Ari Niugini flies to Sydney, Cairns and Brisbane in Australia as well as Manila (Philippines), Tokyo (Japan), Honiara (Solomon Islands) and Singapore. PNG Airlines takes passengers to Cairns and Brisbane.

Airports: the main airport in the country is Jackson International Airport in the capital Port Moresby.

Ship: Numerous vessels operate in the waters around Papua New Guinea. However, there are only a few ship or ferry connections to other countries, including Australia. The main ports of Papua New Guinea include the overseas ports of Port Moresby, Rabaul, Madang and Lae.
Papua New Guinea are popular stops for yachts crossing the Asian region and the Pacific. Points of contact for yachts are, for example, Port Moresby, Kimbe, Alotau, Lae, Samarai, Daru, Madang, Kavieng, Vanimo, Lorengau, Misima Island and Rabaul. A visa is required for entry and arrival.
The island groups, especially Milne Bay and Samarai Island, are also the destination of some large cruise ships. On a slightly smaller scale, North Star offers cruises on board the True North, from Cairns in Australia via Alotau, the province of Milne Bay, New Britain, the Luisiade Archipelago, Tufi and Kavieng back to Cairns. The Coral Princess also starts in Cairns before it runs on a route from Alotau via New Britain, Trobriands, Madang, Sepik and Tufi to Port Moresby. Orion offers cruises from Auckland, New Zealand via Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Gizo (Solomon Islands), Santa Ana and Rabaul, among others.

Car: Papua New Guinea shares its only land border with Indonesia, which runs along the provinces of West Papua and West Senik.