Although Papua New Guinea is located directly on the equator, the climate is not tropical in the whole country, but varies greatly. Because Papua New Guinea also has mountains up to 4,500 m high. Therefore, the climate ranges from tropical to alpine.
The lowlands and the coastal zones have a tropical, always humid and hot climate. The temperatures hardly fluctuate with average values of 26 to 30 ° C. It is warmest with peaks of 39 ° C in December / January, and the coldest with only 23 ° C in June / July. The water temperature is constantly between 26 and 29 ° C. The high humidity is also tropical, causing uncomfortable humidity in the coastal regions, especially from December to April.
In the highlands, too, the temperatures are very even; however, they decrease more and more with increasing altitude. At almost 2,000 m, an average of 16-17 ° C is still measured. In addition, the weather is increasingly changing from a moderate to an alpine climate. On some peaks in the Owen Stanley Mountains, permafrost and a permanently closed snow cover can be found.
There are two seasons in Papua New Guinea, a wetter and a drier one. From December to April, the northwest monsoon brings very humid air masses from the Pacific and is responsible for the high levels of precipitation that then fall. Typhoons threaten the country during this time of year.
Between May and November, the drier southeast trade wind dominates. From June to September in particular, it rains significantly less everywhere. But with the exception of the south coast, one can hardly speak of a “dry season” even then. Papua New Guinea is a very rainy country. In the lowlands it is the driest with “only” 1,200 mm per year; in the mountains up to 6,000 mm are possible.
Best time to travel to Papua New Guinea
To avoid the rainy season, vacationers should visit Papua New Guinea between June and September. Then it is sunny and sometimes even dry on the coast. In the humid mountain regions, the heavy rain showers decrease significantly in summer, even if even then it never becomes completely dry. The temperatures are a pleasant 26 to 27 ° C.
If you visit between December and April, however, abundant tropical rainfalls and hurricanes will make getting around almost impossible and will definitely spoil your holiday fun.
Papua New Guinea – Key Data
Area: 462,840 km² (land: 452,850 km², water: 9,980 km²)
Population: 6.2 million residents (estimate July 2011, CIA). Melanesians, Papua, Negrito, Micronesians, Polynesians.
Population density: 13 residents per km²
Population growth: 1.985% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Port Moresby (254,000 residents, 2001)
Highest point: Mount Wilhelm, 4,509 m
Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m
Form of government: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea (second largest island in the world) was divided between Germany (north) and Great Britain (south) in 1885. The British territory was given to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern part during the First World War and administered both areas as UN trust territory until independence from Papua New Guinea in 1975. In 1997, a nine-year conflict of independence that claimed 20,000 victims ended on the island of Bougainville.
As a country located in Oceania defined by commit4fitness.com, Papua New Guinea is a parliamentary monarchy represented in the Commonwealth. The constitution is from the same year. The parliament is composed of 109 members.
Administrative division: 18 provinces: Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, New Ireland, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands and West New Britain
1 Autonomous Region: Bougainville
1 district: National Capital
Head of State: Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Michael Ogio (since February 25, 2011)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare, since August 5, 2002
Language: The official languages in Papua New Guinea are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu. In total, around 860 native languages are spoken in the country (more than a tenth of all known languages in the world).
Tok Pisin, a Creole language, is widely understood and spoken, English is spoken by 1% – 2% of the population, Hiri Motu by less than 2%.
Religion: Roman Catholic 27%, Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglicans 3.2%, Baptists 2.5%, other Protestants 8.9%, Baha’i 0.3%, indigenous and other religions 3.3% (2000 census).
Local time: CET + 9 h
In Papua New Guinea there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is + 9 h in winter and + 8 h in summer.
International phone code: + 675
Internet code:.pg Mains
Voltage: 240 V, 50 Hz