Norway Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | October 26, 2022

Religion in Norway

The majority of the population (about 90%) adheres to the Evangelical Lutheran Church. There is a law that the king and more than half of all ministers must belong to her.

Transport in Norway

The country has a fairly extensive network of road, rail and air routes. Most of the passenger traffic is transported by road and sea. From Oslo, a network of modern highways fan out across the country, covering even the most remote northern regions. Most of the intercity buses leave from the Central Bus Terminal on Schweigaardstraße. Long distance tickets must be booked in advance.

All year round, many passengers are transported by ships, ferries and boats. From the embankment opposite the town hall, ferries leave for the peninsula Bygdö (Byogde), from the Aker Brygge embankment – to Nesodden, from the Vippetangen embankment – to the island of Hovedøya, and from June to August – to Langøyen beach.

In Norway there are four main railway lines – southern Sarlandsbanen (from Oslo to Stavanger), mountainous Bergensbanen (from Oslo to Bergen), central Dövrebanen and Rørosbanen (from Oslo to Trondheim) and northern Nordlandsbanen (Trondheim-Bodø). There are very few trains in the fjord zone, they also do not go to the Far North – the railway track ends in Buda.

In the cities of Norway, public transport is well developed. To Oslo an extensive network of bus lines, 5 metro lines (“T-bane”), trams and ferries completely covers both the capital itself and the surrounding areas. A one-time ticket for any type of transport costs about 15 kroons and is valid for an hour after composting. A daily pass (“dagskort”) works in a similar way and costs about 40 kroons, a weekly pass – 140 kroons. The “flexikort” ticket is valid for 8 trips (about 150 kroons). At night (after 24.00), the night fare comes into effect, which is slightly higher than the daytime fare, tickets at night are not valid. For tourist trips, it is advantageous to purchase an “Oslo Card” (150 kroons for one day, about 200 kroons for two days and 250 kroons for three days, for children from 4 to 15 years old – half the price), which provides free entry to most city museums, as well as unlimited travel on all types of public transport (a number of ferries are not included in this system). The “Oslo Card” also gives you a 50% discount on bus or boat excursions, a discount at select restaurants, shops and car rentals. Sold at travel agencies, at “Narvesen” newsstands and in most hotels. Students and people over 60 years of age, who, according to Norwegian rules, pay half the cost of tickets in museums, it is more profitable to purchase a regular travel card and pay for museum tickets separately.

Taxis are quite expensive and operate only within the city. All cars are radio-equipped, so you can order a car from any phone, as well as “catch” it in special parking lots and on the street. Taxi drivers are allowed to pick up passengers only with the consent of a person already in the cabin, so not everyone stops on the street. In smaller towns, taxis are recommended to be booked in advance. Hitchhiking is possible on all provincial roads, but in the north of the country, traffic on the highways is quite rare and sometimes you have to wait a long time for a passing car.

You can rent a car. To do this, you will need a driver’s license, an identity document and a credit card confirming solvency. A number of duties are also charged.

The roads in Norway are excellent. It is necessary to move by car with the dipped beam on, even in the daytime. Parking here is paid. It is not allowed to leave the car in places not designated for this. It must be borne in mind that Norway has the highest fines for traffic violations among European countries.

Plant and Animal World in Norway

Coniferous, deciduous forests grow in the country, in the Arctic – dwarf birch. Reindeer, arctic foxes, forest dwellers are found on the territory of the country, including even wolves and brown bears.

Minerals in Norway

Of the minerals in Norway, iron ores (magnetites and titanomagnetites), nickel, copper, molybdenum, cobalt and silver ores are known, oil and gas deposits were discovered on the shelf of the North Sea in 1970.

Banks in Norway

Banks are usually open on weekdays from 9:00 to 15:00, and on Saturday from 9:00 to 12:30.

In Oslo, the bank at the railway station in summer and September is open on weekdays from 8 to 19:30, and on Saturday from 10 to 17. The bank at the airport is open even on Sunday from 7 to 20 hours.

You can exchange foreign currency in almost any bank or exchange office. But in banks, the exchange rate is usually more profitable. For each exchange operation, a commission is taken – at least 30 kroons. Credit cards VISA, MASTER CARD and others are freely accepted.

Money in Norway

In Norway, the currency is the Norwegian krone. When writing the cost, it is denoted as NOK. 1 crown is equal to 100 ore. In circulation are coins in denominations of 10 and 50 ore, 1, 5, 10 and 20 crowns and banknotes in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 crowns.

Rate: 10 Norwegian Krone (NOK) = 1.04 USD

Political State in Norway

According to politicsezine, the form of government is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the king, the crown is hereditary. Executive power belongs to the head of government – the prime minister.

The legislature is a bicameral parliament – the Storting.

Population in Norway

About 4.4 million people live in the country. About 99% are Norwegians, such peoples as the Sami, Finns, Danes, Swedes are also represented.

The official language is Norwegian. It has two forms. Bokmål, or riksmol, which explains the majority of the population, was formed on the basis of the Danish language and Norwegian dialects. Nynoshk, or Norwegian, is a relatively young language that developed in the 19th century on the basis of the western dialects of Norway. Because of this, a number of words have several pronunciations.

Many Norwegians speak spoken English, French and German.

Cuisine in Norway

Norwegian cuisine is unimaginable without all sorts of fish dishes. Any restaurant menu is replete with their diversity. These are dried cod (“klipfiks”), smoked dried cod (“lutafisk”), salmon (“laki”), herring, trout, flounder, halibut, boiled shrimp (“eker”), meatballs stuffed with fish, such a delicacy as whale meat, and, of course, fish soup.

Meat products are also consumed: schnitzels, steaks, roasts, etc.

All meals are served with crispy knekkbred bread.

Dairy products are very much loved in this country. And cheese made from unfermented goat’s milk is a local delicacy.

For dessert, you can enjoy sweet pastries and famous pancakes.

With regard to alcohol, the “Finnish version” applies here: there is no prohibition, but alcohol is very expensive. The traditional alcoholic drink is “akevit” (slightly warmed potato moonshine).

Cuisine in Norway