Norway Population and Religion

By | December 17, 2021


According to the decennial census of December 1, 1930, the resident population of Norway was 2,814,194 residents, with an average density of only 9.1 per sq km. But the population is distributed over a small production area (crops and woods) estimated at 92,257 sq km, so that 71.5% of the total area remains uninhabited. The inhabited regions have the greatest extension around the Oslo fiord (density: 39.6 per sq km) and in Miøsa. Well-inhabited bands follow one another along the valleys. However, most of the population lives along the coasts and in the fjords at the mouth of side valleys. At Norway of the more densely populated Trøndelag, the inhabited coastal area narrows and in Finnmarken is reduced to scattered localities (density: 0.9 per sq. Km.) Overall, one and a half million residents are concentrated in the urban areas near the sea.

Rural agglomerations are frequent at railway stations, around industrial centers, near fishing towns and ports

Oslo, the capital, had a population of 253,124 in 1930; Bergen, 98,300; Trondheim, Stavanger, Drammen each had more than 25,000 residents; Haugesund, Ålesund, Kristiansand, Skien, Fredrikstad, Kristiansund Norway each had more than 15,000 residents. The following table shows the increase in the population of Norway from 1770 onwards:

The increase peaked between 1801 and 1865, while from that time on emigration to America assumed great proportions, culminating in the decade 1880-90 with 28,804 people emigrating in 1882. After a decrease, the movement dates back to the maximum of 26,784 emigrants in 1903. The figures were low during the World War (1226 emigrants in 1918) and the 1924 American Immigration Act reduced the number again: between 1924 and 1931 the emigrants were in total 8177, equal to 2,600 per year. The total number of emigrants between 1870 and 1920 was 628,500.

The urban population is 28.4% of the total (28.02% in 1900; 10.9% in 1801). The increase occurs mainly in the suburbs, outside the administrative boundaries of the city. Quite a few rural districts show an absolute decrease in population. There are only 63,000 foreigners in Norway, of which 42,000 are Swedes.


Suffice it to add here that, since the introduction of the reform was essentially the work of the royal power, this fact, given the union with Denmark, largely contributed to giving a Danish imprint to the entire ecclesiastical life of Norway: so much so that only in the 1607 the Norwegian church had its own order (also largely based on the Danish one), and a true national church can be said to have begun to exist only with the century. XIX. From the end of the century. XVII, Norwegian Lutheranism generally went through the same spiritual events as German Lutheranism, also feeling the influence of three great trends which, wholesale, can be considered as having succeeded one another: orthodoxy , pietism, enlightenment. So sec.

The Norwegian church is a national, state-funded church; the king appoints to ecclesiastical offices and must belong to it, as well as half of the members of the government. There are 7 bishoprics (Bispedömmer): Oslo, Nidaros (Trondheim), Biørgvin (Bergen), Hålogaland (Tromsø), Agder (Kristiansand), Hamar, Stavanger: the latter founded in 1924.

The bishop of Oslo has a primacy of honor. The Norwegian National Church of Evangelical Confession accepts the Augustan Confessio and Luther’s Little Catechism. For Norway religion, please check

The dissenting cult laws of 1845 and 1891 and the Jewish law of 1851 recognized freedom of worship and equality of civil rights. With the century In the nineteenth century Catholicism also returned to Norway, including religious orders (with the exception of the Jesuits); there have also been conversions that have made noise (eg, writer Sigrid Undset in 1925). Until 1869, the Catholic Church was organized as a simple mission; with subsequent provisions it was erected as an apostolic prefecture, an apostolic vicariate of Norway and Spitzberg and finally an apostolic vicariate of Norway (1925), from which the ecclesiastical districts of central Norway and northern Norway were subsequently detached (1931).

Norway Religion

According to the 1920 census, there were:

Finances. – Budgets and public debt. – The main income assets are given by customs duties, consumption taxes and income tax; among the expenditures, those disbursed for public education and national defense are of greater importance.

The public debt, contracted above all to finance public utility works (construction of railways and telegraph lines, plants for the production of electricity, etc.), as at 30 June 1933 amounted to 1496 million, of which 726 million of foreign debt and 770 of internal debt.

Money and credit. – The monetary system of Norway is, by effect of the treaty of October 16, 1875 (modified by the convention of April 5, 1924), identical to that of Sweden and Denmark. The monetary unit is the gold crown, divided into 100 øre equivalent to 0.2680 dollars of the United States of America. The circulation is made up almost exclusively of notes, issued by Norges Bank, which (by effect of the law of 23 April 1892 and subsequent amendments, especially the law of 26 November 1920) has the monopoly of the issue and the obligation to fully cover in gold any issue that exceeds the limit (currently of 250 million) set for fiduciary circulation. Only with May 10, 1928, the last of the Scandinavian countries, did Norway re-establish the convertibility into gold at the pre-war value of its notes, which had been suspended during the World War, and lifted the ban on the export of gold, with the sole condition of reciprocity.

However, on 27 September 1931 following the pound sterling crisis, the gold standard was suspended again and the embargo on gold entered into force again.

As of February 22, 1934, notes in circulation amounted to 305 million and the gold reserve was 118 million at home and 16 million abroad.

In addition to the Norges Bank of issue, there are the Kongeriget Norges Hypothekbank (established in 1851), the Arbeiderbruk og Boligbank (established in 1903 to grant mortgage loans to small owners and craftsmen), the Norske Stats Fiskerbank (established in 1919 to finance the fishing industry) and the Norges Kommunalbank (established in 1926 to finance local authorities).

Public education. – Primary education is very advanced: the duration of compulsory education is 7 years and school books are given free of charge. In 1930-31 there were 5828 elementary schools. The secondary schools, 135 in all (including state, municipal, equalized and private), are mostly mixed and divided into a lower and an upper section.

There are 10 normal schools, for teachers, 310 schools, called continuation schools, for children between 15 and 18 years and 327 vocational schools. There is only one university, in Oslo, which in 1932 had 3734 students. Norway also has: a polytechnic in Trondheim, a high school of agriculture in Aas, a teacher training institute in Lade, a military high school, a high school of dentistry and an academy of fine arts. The state subsidizes 1,270 popular libraries.