As a country located in Oceania defined by franciscogardening.com, Niue is located in the South Pacific, east of Tonga, southeast of Western Samoa, west of the Cook Islands and Rarotonga. Niue’s pristine forests are some of the most pristine forest areas in the world. Fascinating diving grounds and good water sports make for a varied vacation.
The tropical island presents itself with a beautiful landscape and a fantastic climate with warm sunny days and pleasantly cool nights. The flora and fauna are both unique and mysterious. For centuries, the island’s forests were taboo and no one has set foot on them. Lush vegetation with coconut palms and some very old ebony trees thrives in them. Today you can enter the taboo zones, with the exception of the forest, which is administered by the village of Hakupa. The forests border a coast with coral reefs. Hiking, diving, snorkeling and fishing are among the favorite pastimes of visitors to Niue. Worthwhile excursion destinations are the water and landscape protection areas.
Unfortunately, Niue is not very well known in Europe, but this wonderful landscape really has everything to offer that you can imagine for a dream vacation in the South Pacific. The flora and fauna are very unusual for Europeans. The Niue flattail sea snake, for example, lives here. It is highly toxic and is called Katuali among the residents. It does not live permanently in the sea, but also partly on land and can be up to 6 meters long. The palm thief, also known as the coconut crab or coconut crab, lives on coconuts and is also native to Niue.
From a sporting point of view, Niue even has its own national soccer team, but it is not a member of FIFA. As a result, Niue cannot participate in world championships. Friendlies are possible, however. While the footballers play rather unsuccessfully, the rugby team from Niue is somewhat more successful. The national team was able to participate in the qualification for the 2007 World Cup and won over Tahiti. Unfortunately, however, it didn’t work out to take part in the Rugby World Cup.
Niue – key data
Area: 260 km²
Population: 1,311 residents (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Niuer 78.2%, Pacific islanders 10.2%, Europeans 4.5%, mixed ancestors 3.9%, Asians 0.2%, no data 3% (2001 census).
Population density: 5.0 people per km²
Population growth: -0.032% per year (2011, CIA). Due to the heavy migration to New Zealand, Niue is experiencing a population decline.
Capital: Alofi (581 residents, 2006)
Highest point: unnamed point near the Mutalau settlement, 68 m
Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m
form of government: In 1900 Great Britain declared Niue a protectorate, in 1901 the island with the Cook Islands was annexed by New Zealand. Since 1974 Niue has been a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand, the constitution (constitutional monarchy) dates from the same year. The island has an internal autonomy. The residents of the island are New Zealand nationals. The Niue Parliament (Fono Ekepule) consists of one chamber with 20 members.
Administrative structure: 14 villages (Makefu, Tuapa, Namukulu, Hikutavake, Toi, Mutalau, Lakepa, Liku, Hakupu, Vaiea, Avatele, Tamakautoga, Alofi South, Alofi North)
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952) in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand
Head of Government: Prime Minister Toke Talagi, since June 19, 2008
Language: The official languages in Niue are Niuean (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan) and English.
Religion: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church – a Protestant church closely associated with the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, no information 8.7%, no religion 1.9% (2001 census)
Local time: CET – 12 h
On Niue there is no changeover between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is in winter – 12 h and in summer – 13 h.
International phone code: + 683
Mains voltage: 230 V, 50 Hz
Niue – arrival
Airplane: Air New Zealand flies weekly from Auckland to Niue and back. Polynesia Airlines also flies weekly from Apia on Samoa to Niue.
Ship: there are no regular passenger ship connections to Niue. However, the island is visited by cruise ships several times a year. Niue is usually approached by private yachts between April and December. Yacht owners should reach the island on working days if possible. Although there is no port, the Niue Yacht Club has well-kept berths that it makes available to travelers.
Niue – traveling in the country
Car / motorcycle: there is no public transport on Niue. Rental vehicles are available from Alofi Rentals and Niue Rentals. If you want to rent a car or motorcycle around Christmas and New Years, you should do so in advance. There is no insurance coverage for rental cars.
There is left-hand traffic on Niue. The maximum speed in built-up areas is 40 kilometers per hour, outside built-up areas 60 kilometers per hour.
Upon presentation of the driver’s license and a small fee, the Alofi police will give these visitors a local (palm-decorated) driver’s license.
Taxis are available from Mitaki and Alofi Rentals.
Bicycle:the gentle roads and forest paths of Niues are ideal for cycling. Most guest houses and hotels rent mountain bikes.