Nigeria 1983

By | September 12, 2023

In 1983, Nigeria was a dynamic and complex nation located in West Africa. It was a country with a rich tapestry of cultures, a diverse geography, and a history marked by political transitions. This description provides an overview of Nigeria in 1983, covering its political landscape, economy, society, and key events during that time.

Political Landscape:

Nigeria in 1983 was characterized by political transitions and a history of military rule. According to zipcodesexplorer, the country had recently experienced a change in leadership, with a new administration coming into power following a military coup in December 1983. Some key political elements included:

  1. Military Rule: Nigeria had a history of alternating between civilian and military rule since gaining independence from British colonial rule in 1960. In December 1983, General Muhammadu Buhari led a coup that ousted the civilian government of President Shehu Shagari, citing corruption and mismanagement as reasons for the takeover.
  2. Anti-Corruption Campaign: The Buhari regime initiated an anti-corruption campaign, targeting government officials accused of corruption. This campaign was part of the administration’s efforts to restore discipline and accountability in the country.
  3. Political Instability: Nigeria had experienced political instability, including coup attempts and ethnic tensions, in the years leading up to 1983. The Buhari government sought to address these issues and restore order.


Nigeria’s economy in 1983 was characterized by its reliance on oil exports, which dominated its economic landscape. Key aspects of Nigeria’s economy included:

  1. Oil Production: Nigeria was a major oil producer and exporter, with oil accounting for a significant portion of its government revenue and foreign exchange earnings. The country was a member of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries).
  2. Economic Challenges: Despite its oil wealth, Nigeria faced economic challenges, including inflation, unemployment, and a heavy dependence on oil revenue. The Buhari administration implemented economic policies aimed at addressing these issues.
  3. Agriculture: Agriculture was a significant sector of the economy, employing a large portion of the population. The government promoted agricultural self-sufficiency as part of its economic strategy.
  4. Infrastructure Development: The Nigerian government invested in infrastructure projects, including roads and transportation, to support economic development and regional integration.

Society and Culture:

Nigerian society in 1983 was characterized by its cultural diversity, with hundreds of ethnic groups and languages spoken across the country. Key aspects of society and culture included:

  1. Ethnic Diversity: Nigeria was home to diverse ethnic groups, including the Yoruba, Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, and many others, each with its own languages, traditions, and cultural practices.
  2. Religion: Nigeria had a religiously diverse population, with Islam and Christianity being the two dominant religions. Traditional African religions were also practiced in some regions.
  3. Cultural Expression: Nigerian culture was vibrant and dynamic, with a rich tradition of music, dance, literature, and visual arts. Nigerian musicians and writers gained international recognition during this period.
  4. Educational System: Nigeria had a growing education system, with universities and schools providing access to education for many young Nigerians.

Key Events in 1983:

1983 was marked by significant events and developments in Nigeria:

  1. Coup and Change in Leadership: In December 1983, General Muhammadu Buhari led a military coup that overthrew the civilian government of President Shehu Shagari, marking a change in leadership.
  2. Anti-Corruption Drive: The Buhari administration launched an anti-corruption campaign, which included investigations, arrests, and trials of government officials accused of corruption.
  3. Economic Policies: The government implemented economic policies aimed at stabilizing the economy, reducing inflation, and promoting self-sufficiency in food production.
  4. Social Initiatives: The administration also introduced social initiatives to address issues such as public health, education, and housing.

In summary, Nigeria in 1983 was a nation in transition, with a history of political shifts, economic challenges, and a rich cultural heritage. The country’s diverse society and dynamic culture were integral to its identity, while its political landscape was marked by efforts to address corruption and stabilize the economy. The events of 1983 set the stage for Nigeria’s subsequent political and economic developments.

Location of Nigeria

Nigeria, located in West Africa, is the most populous country on the African continent and one of the most culturally diverse nations globally. Its strategic location has played a crucial role in its history, culture, and geopolitics. This description provides an in-depth exploration of Nigeria’s geographic location, its diverse landscapes, and its significance in the context of Africa and the world.

Geographic Coordinates:

According to paulfootwear, Nigeria is situated between approximately 4.2149° N latitude and 7.0862° E longitude. It shares borders with several African countries: Benin to the west, Niger to the north, Chad to the northeast, and Cameroon to the east. To the south, Nigeria has a coastline along the Gulf of Guinea, which opens into the Atlantic Ocean.

Diverse Landscapes:

Nigeria’s geography is exceptionally diverse, encompassing various landscapes, climatic regions, and natural features:

  1. Coastal Region: The southernmost part of Nigeria is characterized by a low-lying coastal region with mangrove swamps, lagoons, and numerous rivers. This area is fertile and supports agriculture, including palm oil and rubber production.
  2. Savannas: Moving northward from the coast, Nigeria transitions into savanna grasslands. The central and northern regions feature flat plains with scattered trees, suitable for agriculture and grazing.
  3. Highlands: The Jos Plateau, located in the central part of the country, is a prominent highland region with cooler temperatures and fertile soil. It supports agriculture and mining activities.
  4. Niger River: The Niger River, one of Africa’s major rivers, flows through Nigeria from northwest to southeast. It provides a vital water source for agriculture, fishing, and transportation.
  5. Chad Basin: In the northeastern part of Nigeria, the Chad Basin features a mix of savannas and wetlands around Lake Chad, which is shared with neighboring countries. This region supports agriculture and fishing.
  6. Niger Delta: In the southern part of Nigeria, the Niger Delta is a complex network of swamps, creeks, and rivers. It is rich in oil and natural gas reserves, making it a significant contributor to Nigeria’s economy.

Climatic Variation:

Nigeria experiences a range of climatic zones due to its diverse geography:

  1. Tropical Wet: The southern regions have a tropical wet climate with high temperatures and abundant rainfall, supporting lush rainforests and agriculture.
  2. Savanna: Central Nigeria features a savanna climate with a distinct wet season during the summer months and a dry season. This region is suitable for farming and livestock.
  3. Semi-Arid: Northern Nigeria has a semi-arid climate characterized by lower rainfall and higher temperatures. The northernmost areas bordering the Sahara Desert are arid.
  4. Coastal Humid: The coastal areas along the Gulf of Guinea experience high humidity and rainfall, with little seasonal variation.

Significance in Africa and the World:

Nigeria’s geographic location has substantial regional and global significance:

  1. Population: Nigeria’s status as the most populous country in Africa makes it a major player in African affairs. Its demographic weight influences regional politics, economics, and culture.
  2. Economy: Nigeria has one of the largest economies in Africa, driven primarily by its oil and gas sector. It is a key player in the global energy market and an important member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
  3. Regional Leadership: Nigeria has historically played a central role in regional organizations like the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), contributing to peacekeeping efforts and regional stability.
  4. Cultural Diversity: With over 250 ethnic groups and languages, Nigeria is incredibly culturally diverse. This diversity enriches the nation’s culture, art, music, and cuisine.
  5. Natural Resources: Apart from oil and gas, Nigeria possesses significant mineral resources, including coal, tin, limestone, and solid minerals, contributing to its economic potential.
  6. Geopolitical Influence: Nigeria’s size, population, and economic potential position it as a key player in international geopolitics, impacting its relationships with major global powers and neighboring countries.

In summary, Nigeria’s geographic location in West Africa encompasses a wide range of landscapes, climates, and natural resources. Its diversity, both in terms of culture and geography, has played a pivotal role in shaping its history, economy, and role in the region and on the global stage. As Africa’s most populous nation and an emerging economic powerhouse, Nigeria continues to wield significant influence in Africa and beyond.