New Zealand Brief History

By | December 1, 2021

In 1642-43 the Dutchman AJ Tasman skirted the western parts of the two major islands; the integral survey of the coasts and the first internal penetration were the work of J. Cook (1769-72). In the following years the fame of the ferocity of the indigenous peoples prevented any colonial settlement or missionary initiative, while on the southern coasts and around the Cook Strait British, American and French whale hunters began to call. Hence the decimation of the natives, also as a result of the trafficking of tattooed and smoked human heads. Great Britain began to intervene in 1835; created a company of New Zealand, in 1840, with the Treaty of Waitangi, the Maori leaders recognized the British sovereignty against the recognition of the possession of the territories traditionally belonging to them. For New Zealand 1996, please check pharmacylib.com.

Erected a crown colony in 1841, the arrival of new settlers and the indiscriminate purchase of tribal lands led to bloody riots, which were only appeased in 1872. Later, thanks to the discovery of gold, the development of agriculture and livestock of livestock began a vigorous economic rise, accompanied by the adoption of one of the most advanced social legislation of the time. It was in fact the first country in the world to recognize the right to vote for women (1893), as well as instituting an old-age pension and adopting a land law that allowed workers access to land. Dominion in 1907, after the First World War, in which New Zealand took part alongside Great Britain, became a sovereign member state of the Commonwealth (1931). After years of liberal governments, the expression of ranchers and farmers, the collapse of agricultural prices due to the crisis of 1929 marked the downfall of the country and led to the formation of the first Labor government in 1935. Emanation of the citizen class, this created a social security system among the most advanced and an economy oriented towards protectionism.

After the Second World War, the country experienced a period of great economic prosperity, with a political system characterized by the alternation between National party and Labor party. Alongside these, in the 1990s the participation of minor political forces increased, which coalesced in 1991 in the alliance called Alliance, which became the interpreter of the growing discontent aroused by the austerity measures launched by the conservative government of J. Bolger, in office since 1990: privatization of state-owned companies and drastic cuts in the social security system. In the 1993 legislative elections, the National party still obtained the majority and J. Bolger led the executive. He thus found himself facing the protests of the Maori community, which demanded greater economic, social and cultural opportunities and the revision of the Waitangi Treaty. The issue was resolved with the signing of an agreement (1995) for which land illegally acquired by European settlers in the 1860s was partly compensated and partly returned. In an uncertain political situation, the 1996 elections came, which still saw the National party and Bolger as the head of another coalition government prevail, but also the accentuation of instability. In sharp decline in popularity, Bolger was forced the following year to leave the leadership of the party and therefore of the executive to J. Shipley. The 1999 elections brought Labor, whose leader but also the accentuation of instability. In sharp decline in popularity, Bolger was forced the following year to leave the leadership of the party and therefore of the executive to J. Shipley. The 1999 elections brought Labor, whose leader but also the accentuation of instability. In sharp decline in popularity, Bolger was forced the following year to leave the leadership of the party and therefore of the executive to J. Shipley. The 1999 elections brought Labor, whose leader H. Clark, appointed premier, launched an economic and social program in contrast with the neoliberal policies of her predecessors; thanks to it, the favorable trend of the economy and the reduction in unemployment, it was also reconfirmed in 2005. In 2008 the conservatives returned to government, led by J. Key, who in the elections for the renewal of Parliament held in September 2014 with the National party almost reached the absolute majority of seats, receiving 48.06% of the preferences and being reconfirmed in the office of premier, from which he resigned in December 2016 for family reasons, designating Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance B as his successor. English. The Prime Minister’s National Party was confirmed as the winner in the legislative elections held in September 2017, albeit with a slight downsizing, winning 56 out of 120 seats, followed by Labor (46 seats) and the populist New Zealand First party (9 seats); the alliance between this political group, the Labor and the Greens allowed the Labor leader J. Ardern to assume the role of premier by taking over from English in October, reconfirmed in office following the parliamentary elections held in October 2020, in which won 49.1% of the vote, while the opposition National Party stopped at 26.8%.

New Zealand Brief History