Netherlands Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | November 2, 2022

Religion in Netherlands

More than half of the population (about 60%) of the Netherlands are Christians – this number is almost equally divided between adherents of Catholicism and Protestants. About 3% are Muslims, and the relative percentage of atheists is also high.

Transport in Netherlands

Movement around the country

Since the size of the Netherlands is small, you can get to all settlements within one day. The exception may be only some islands off the coast.

Rail transport

The National Railway Company (“NS”) provides transportation of passengers between the cities of the country. The capital, Amsterdam, has several stations, but all major local and international trains arrive at the Central Station (Centraal Station). At the station there is an information office of the Netherlands Railways (NS – Nederlandse Spoorwagen).

bus transport

You can also travel by car, although it is more expensive, but also faster – intercity buses run along numerous highways. For students, it is also possible to recommend hitchhiking – drivers willingly pick up hitch-hikers. In public transport, you should beware of pickpockets.

A single trip ticket is valid for one hour. It is more profitable to buy a ticket consisting of several coupons (strippenkaart), each of which pays for one trip. When boarding a bus or tram, the ticket must be validated.

On buses and trams in Amsterdam zone system is in place. Depending on how many zones you pass through, the number of times you need to compost certain places on your ticket. A passenger who “forgot” to do this will be fined by the controllers.


You can also explore the sights of the Netherlands by bike. All major streets in Dutch cities have cycle paths and dedicated bike stands. But be careful – bikes left unattended are often stolen and sold in the used bike market.

Plant and Animal World in Netherlands

About 70% of the territory of the Netherlands is occupied by cultural landscapes (sown meadows, arable land, settlements, and others). Forests (of oak, beech, hornbeam, ash with an admixture of yew) are represented by individual groves and cover (together with planted forests and roadside forest belts) 8% of the territory. In sandy areas, moorlands with shrubs (gorse, broom, juniper) are common. On the dunes – pine forests and thickets of sea buckthorn. On the banks of the branches of large rivers – willows.

The animal world is severely depleted. Wild rabbits live on the dunes, squirrels, hare, marten, polecat, roe deer live in the forests. There are about 180 species of birds in the Netherlands. In the delta of the Rhine, the Meuse and the Scheldt, there are protected areas for the mass wintering of waterfowl (geese, geese, gulls, waders). The North Sea is rich in fish (herring, cod, mackerel).

Minerals in Netherlands

The main coal reserves in the Netherlands are located in the province of Limburg, where, due to the special geological structure, deposits of black and brown coal have been discovered. Sedimentary strata, to the depressions in which oil and gas deposits (Slochteren) are confined, are located in the middle part of the country, not far from the Zuider Zee.

In addition, there are also oil and gas fields within the North Sea shelf. Of the less important minerals in the country, peat, table salt and kaolin are also mined.

Banks in Netherlands

Banks are open on weekdays from 9:00 to 16:00

Money in Netherlands

As in most developed EU countries, since 1999 the common currency of the European Union, the Euro (EURO), has been put into circulation in the Netherlands. 1 Euro = 100 Euro cents. In circulation there are banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euros, as well as coins: 2 and 1 euros, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.

There are no problems with cashing out in the Netherlands. Credit cards are accepted almost everywhere. It is better to exchange currency not at a hotel (where the exchange rate is usually lower), but at a bank or post office. In exchange offices, the exchange rate is also quite acceptable, but the commission fee is often high.

Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD

Political State in Netherlands

According to politicsezine, the Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy in its form of government. The head of state is the king. The real power in the country belongs to the current parliament – the States General – and the government, whose residences are located in The Hague.

Population in Netherlands

The population of the Netherlands is over 15 million people. Of these, 81% belong to the titular nation (the Dutch), 12% to the Flemings, 3% to the Frisians (the indigenous population of the Frisian Islands), and 1.5% to the Germans. In addition, about 100 thousand Surinamese people live in the country – immigrants from the former colony of the Netherlands, 60 thousand Turks, 40 thousand Moroccans, 7 thousand Portuguese and other nationalities.

The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, but the population is quite educated and knows English well, and in some areas German and French.

Cuisine in Netherlands

In the Netherlands, as in many coastal countries, fresh fish products are considered everyday dishes – herring, sea eel, flounder, halibut, oysters. Every year, each inhabitant of this country accounts for an average of almost 10 kg of mussel meat. It is boiled, salted, processed into canned food. The fish is served mainly as a stew, poured with melted butter and boiled potatoes.

Among the most common dishes are the following:

Fresh herring fillet fried in pork fat with onion, cut into rings, green beans and boiled potatoes, abundantly sprinkled with finely chopped parsley; zander stewed in the oven with vegetables and boiled potatoes, poured with melted butter and sprinkled with parsley.

In good restaurants, baked fish dishes are usually served with leaf lettuce. The national dish of Dutch cuisine is hutspot – sliced boiled or stewed beef, which is served on a dish with a side dish of mashed vegetables made from boiled carrots, onions and potatoes.

Dairy products are also popular. The Netherlands has long been known for high-quality cheeses, which are so appreciated by real gourmets.

Of the alcoholic beverages in the Netherlands, juniper vodka is common.

Cuisine in Netherlands