Nauru Climate and Geography

By | August 23, 2021

Nauru climate

Nauru has a uniform, consistently tropical, always humid and warm climate. The proximity to the equator and the small size of the island are responsible for this. The thermometer is at 27-28 ° C all year round. The lowest temperature is 24 ° C, the highest 34 ° C. But not only high temperatures, but also a high humidity of 70-75% typical for Nauru. Fortunately, the distances to the Pacific are minimal anywhere on the island, so both temperature and humidity are tempered by cool breezes from the sea.

The water temperatures are also very high. With a pleasant 28 to 29 ° C, they are ideal for a bathing and diving holiday all year round.

It is completely different with the precipitation. They are on average 1,600 to 2,000 mm, which means that the amount of rain is particularly high. But the precipitation varies extremely. Both 300 and 4,500 mm per year are possible. Rain can come from the sky on Nauru any month. At the biggest is the November to February probability. The humid northwest trade wind then ensures that there are 12-14 days of showers and thunderstorms every month. In March the wind direction changes to the southeast. This brings drier air masses to Nauru, which dominate until October. Even in summer it usually rains 4 to 6 days a month. But longer dry phases are then quite possible.

Nauru is usually not hit by typhoons, as they pass the island state further to the north or south. On average, the sun shines 6 to 8 hours a day.

Nauru – key data

Area: 21 km² (smallest republic in the world)

9,322 residents (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Nauruanians 58%, other Pacific islanders 26%, Chinese 8%, Europeans 8%.

Population density: 444 residents per km²

Population growth:
0.611% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: no official capital, the government buildings are in the district of Yaren (1,100 residents, 2003)

Highest point:
unnamed point on the edge of the plateau, 61 m

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean, 0 m

form of government: Nauru has been a republic since 1968 and is represented in the Commonwealth. The Naurus constitution is from the same year. The Nauru Parliament consists of a legislative council (18 members). Nauru has been since January 31st (until then the island was a UN trust territory under the administration of Australia ).

Administrative division: 14 districts: Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe and Yaren.

Head of State and Government: President Baron Waqa, since June 11, 2013

Language: The official language is Nauruan (a mixture of several Pacific languages) and English. English is used for most government and business matters.

Religion: Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Roman Catholic 33.2%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%, other 14.1%, no religion 4.5%, no information 2.4% (2002 census)

Local time: CET + 11 h
On Nauru there is no change between summer and winter time.
The time difference to Central Europe is + 11 h in winter and + 10 h in summer.

International phone code: + 674


Mains voltage: 110/240 V, 50 Hz

Nauru geography

As a country located in Oceania defined by, the Republic of Nauru is an island nation in the western Pacific Ocean and is 42 kilometers south of the equator. It consists of the coral island of the same name and is part of the island area of Micronesia. The national territory of Nauru borders in the north on the island state of the Marshall Islands, in the east on the island state Kiribati, in the south on the island state of the Solomon Islands and in the west on the Federated States of Micronesia which should not be confused with the aforementioned island area of ​​Micronesia. With a total area of ​​only 21.30 square kilometers and approximately 14,000 residents, the Republic of Nauru is the third smallest state in the world in terms of area and residents.

The oval island of Nauru, which is reminiscent of a potato, consists of a raised coral reef, which forms the top tip of an underground and long-extinct volcano. The atoll rises just 60 meters from the water, while the coral stock extends down to 2,000 meters into the Pacific. Nauru offers a fascinating sight, especially from the air: A blob in the middle of the blue sea, in the middle of which white rocks rise like flames, and which is framed by a narrow coastline and a coral reef running all around. The highest point of the island lies along a plateau edge to the east of Aiwo, which is called Command Ridge. Also from the air it can be seen that Nauru is only a tiny lagoon compared to other Pacific islands. Only about two square kilometers of Nauru are covered with forest, while most of the interior of the island has been almost completely covered with the valuable phosphate, also known as Nauruit. This most important asset of Nauru was formed over millions of years from the droppings of nesting birds and was dismantled by the Germans at the end of the 19th century, whose colonial territories Nauru was until the First World War. The phosphate Naurus contained a concentration that is unique in the world, which made it so coveted and correspondingly valuable for the exploiters. After Germany, Australia mined the phosphate layer, and it was not until 1968 that Nauru was able to mine its own treasures, which, however, threatened to dry up.

Just one kilometer from the coast of the atoll, the steep slope of the coral reef extends down to the sea floor, which at this point reaches more than 1,000 meters.

Nauru Climate