Morocco Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Morocco Basic Information

Subchapters:

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

The Kingdom of Morocco is one of the three kingdoms on the African continent. In 2011, when the so-called Arab Spring was taking place in the Arab countries, the intensity of protests was significantly lower compared to other Maghreb countries. The consequence was the adoption of a new constitution, which states that Morocco is a “constitutional, democratic, parliamentary and social monarchy”. The social dimension was amplified in 2021 with the introduction of universal social security (CNSS) for Moroccan citizens without exception. Elections to both houses of parliament are direct and take place every 6 years in the case of the upper house and every 5 years in the case of the lower house. Elections to the lower house were held in the fall of 2021. RNI (Rassemblement national des indépendants) became the new ruling party. Morocco has a pluralistic political system. Check cancermatters to learn more about Morocco political system.

Morocco was the first African country to start vaccinating the population against the Covid-19 disease. In 2019, the administration of the now former US President Donald Trump recognized the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Morocco over the territory of Western Sahara and designated this territory as an integral part of Morocco. In connection with this, Morocco normalized relations with Israel and thus joined the other MENA countries that signed the Abrahamic Agreements. Of course, the general population welcomes the friendly step on the part of the US, on the other hand, part of the population is opposed to the recognition of Israel and the establishment of diplomatic relations. An important domestic political event was the king’s announcement of the launch of general social security. The winner of the elections will most likely be the party that can correctly grasp these key themes and present their benefits to the citizens of Morocco.

Foreign policy of the country

Foreign relations are an indispensable part of Morocco’s economic and social development strategy. Proof of foreign influence are the many development projects, loans, investments and free trade agreements that Morocco has concluded with many countries not only in the North African region. Free trade agreements include the Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area Agreement with the European Union, as well as, for example, the Arab Free Trade Area with Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia, or the Free Trade Agreement with the USA.

An example of foreign cooperation are loan agreements with international banks negotiated during the global Covid-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, loan agreements were concluded with the European Investment Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and others. Check prozipcodes for Morocco defense and foreign policy.

Morocco has historically had strong ties with the European continent. The modern history of Morocco began with independence in 1956. In the previous period, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates. Both of these countries remain important political partners of Morocco and are also its largest trading partners. French is still commonly used in official communication and during business negotiations. France is also home to the largest Moroccan diaspora, exceeding one million citizens and residents.

In politics with its neighbors, Morocco is often drawn against Algeria. At the heart of the dispute is Algeria’s support for the Polisario Front. The Polisario movement seeks autonomy for the territory of Western Sahara (a former Spanish colony), where it unilaterally declared the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The Kingdom of Morocco considers this region as its territory. The UN lists the territory as non-self-governing and does not recognize either Moroccan or Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic sovereignty over it. Relations with judicial Mauritania have been problem-free for a long time. The last country with which Morocco shares a land border through the enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in the north of the country is Spain. Morocco has been cooperating with Spain for a long time in the fight against illegal migration. The area of ​​dispute are the aforementioned enclaves, whose territory Morocco has claimed for a long time.

A close ally of Morocco is the United States of America. Morocco was the first country to internationally recognize the United States back in 1786. Morocco is also a long-term ally of the United States in the fight against terrorism. Recently, there has been a significant deepening of mutual relations. In a statement in late 2020, the United States administration said that the US recognizes Moroccan sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, thus expressing full support for Morocco’s proposal for autonomy for the territory under the administration of the Kingdom of Morocco. She called this concept the only fair and realistic solution to the dispute regarding the disputed territory. Morocco is one of the five Arab countries that have recently normalized their relations with the State of Israel, precisely with the assistance of the United States. Recently, there have been a number of negotiations between Morocco and Israel on the possibilities of deepening trade cooperation. The plan was also to establish direct air connections between the two countries. The European Union also remains an important partner in many areas. In addition to trade, Morocco cooperates with the EU in a number of other areas

Population

The population of Morocco is currently 37.80 million people. Compared to last year, the population increased by 1.18%. The population density is 73 inhabitants per 1 km2. This figure ranks Morocco 123rd in the world. Almost 63% of the population lives in cities.

The highest population density is in the northwestern part of Morocco, where the climate is almost Mediterranean. The Sahara desert is located in the southeastern part of Morocco. The share of the economically active population in 2020 was 13.58 million, i.e. 37.6% of the total population. Morocco is a country with a very young population. Almost half of the population is under the age of thirty. The average life expectancy in 2015 was 7years.

99% of the population in Morocco is of Arab-Berber origin. It is estimated that up to 25% of the population speak Berber. The population of European origin, mainly the French, makes up 1%. Historically, the Jewish diaspora was also important in Morocco, which narrowed to the current 2,500 inhabitants with the establishment of the State of Israel in 1946.

The predominant religion is Islam. 99% of the population subscribes to it. Christianity is widespread especially among the inhabitants who come to Morocco from sub-Saharan Africa.

The Kingdom of Morocco has two official languages. They are Arabic and Berber. French is widely used in official communication, trade and diplomacy.