Montenegro Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | November 9, 2022

Religion in Montenegro

According to politicsezine, the main religions of Montenegro are Orthodoxy, Islam and Catholicism. About 70% of the population professes Orthodoxy; it has played and continues to play an important role in the life of society. For several centuries, Montenegro was ruled by governors who were also patriarchs, and only in the second half of the 19th century did power in the country become secular. The Ottoman Empire also had a strong influence, with about 21% of Muslims in the country. Despite the fact that initially the population of Montenegro professed Catholicism and was influenced by Rome, now there are only 4% of Catholics in the country. Other religions are practiced by about 5% of the population. Montenegro is a religious country, atheists here are less than 1% of the population.

Religions in Montenegro are separated from the state, but it is obliged to provide material assistance to all religious denominations.

Transport in Montenegro

There are two international airports on the territory of Montenegro, one is located near the country’s capital Podgorica, and the other on the coast of the Bay of Kotor in Tivat.

The railway leading to the capital of Serbia – Belgrade, is laid from the south to the north of Montenegro. It starts in the coastal town of Bar and passes through the most picturesque places: through Lake Skadar, along the Zeta, Moracha and Tara rivers, between the Belasitsa and Sinyavina mountain ranges. Trains constantly dive into tunnels or go along the terraces laid on the mountain slopes. Suburban trains run several times a day from Bar to Podgorica, as well as twice a day to the city of Bijelo Polje near the border with Serbia. There are one day and two night trains going from Belgrade to Bar and back. Near Podgorica, the railway forks, one branch leads to Niksic, located in the center of the country, and the other to Shkoder, located in Albania.

The main motorways are, firstly, the Adriatic Highway leading from Albania to Croatia along the entire Montenegrin coast, from Ulcinj to Herceg Novi. Secondly, roads leading from the coast through Podgorica to Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and to Belgrade (Serbia). They criss-cross the country centered on Podgorica. The roads are narrow, winding, like all mountain roads around the world. There are a lot of serpentines, you should be careful and speed. An international driver’s license is required to rent a car. The driver must be over 21 years old and have a driving experience of more than 3 years. It is most profitable to take a car for a period of 5 days or more, usually you need to leave a cash deposit.

The city of Bar is a seaport. There is a daily ferry connection to Italy (Bar-Bari).

Plant and Animal World in Montenegro

The flora of Montenegro is very rich, despite the harsh conditions in the mountainous regions that occupy most of the country. Here, on only 0.14% of the territory of Europe, 2833 species of plants grow, which is almost a quarter of the species of European flora. On the coast you can find olive and fruit groves, cypresses, palm trees and grapes. However, most of the coastal cliffs are covered with maquis – dense thickets of evergreen shrubs, characteristic of the Mediterranean. Higher in the mountains there are oak and coniferous forests. The Belasitsa mountain range, where the Biogradska Gora National Park is located, is covered with mixed forest. There are trees of 86 species here, including spruce, fir, beeches, elms, oaks, maples and even mountain ash. Alpine edelweisses, which have become rare, grow in the mountains, as well as mountain cornflowers and violets, such vegetation is characteristic of the alpine meadow belt. In the area of another national park “Skadar Lake” the terrain is completely different. The main part of its coast is swampy, overgrown with reeds, and the surface of the lake is covered with a carpet of yellow and white water lilies. Many types of vegetation are endemic, i.e. found only in this area.

The fauna of Montenegro is also rich. From predators in mountainous areas there are wolves, bears, foxes. They prey on deer, fallow deer, chamois, wild goats, hares and ground squirrels. There are wild boars in the valleys. Several hundred species of fish are found in the Adriatic Sea, including sea bass, mullet, red mullet, as well as shrimps, lobsters, and octopuses.

The rivers are rich in trout, perch, carp, catfish, carp and pike. 50 species of fish live in Skadar Lake, the local population hunts mainly bleak and carp. In addition, Skadar Lake is a permanent or temporary habitat for 270 bird species. Here you can see colonies of pelicans, cormorants, herons and black ibises. The lake attracts ornithologists from all over the world.

Minerals in Montenegro

Minerals in Montenegro are not developed and mined intensively. Due to the current historical situation in the industry of Montenegro, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises play an important role, however, the structure of the industry necessitates the import of raw materials. There are several deposits of lead-zinc ores in the mountains, among them “Brskovo”, “Ċ uplja-Stena” and “Mojkovac”. An aluminum plant in Podgorica operates on the basis of the Niksic bauxite deposit.

Transport in Montenegro