Montenegro Country Overview

By | October 7, 2021

Montenegro is located in southeastern Europe on the southern tip of the Adriatic coast. The country borders Serbia to the north, Kosovo to the east, Albania to the southeast and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to the west. Montenegro is a sparsely populated mountainous region on the Adriaticand lies in the Southeast Dinarides. In the north tower, numerous central high mountain ranges rising. the coastal region is relatively flat and stretches from the Bay of Kotor to the Albanian border.

The Adriatic coast includes the port town of Bar and the Bay of Kotor. The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica. Along the Adriatic coast there are miles of fine sandy beaches. One of the most popular bathing beaches is Zanjic Beach near Herceg Novi. The beach enchants with its azure blue water and shady olive groves in the hinterland. Not far from the beach is the Mamula Island with the Blue Grotto and an old Austrian fort. The sea at Rose Beach is a challenge for divers due to the deep and stony seabed.

The residents of Montenegro are a mixed people. About 43 percent of the population are Montenegrins. 32 percent are Serbs and around 8 percent are Bosniaks. Albanians make up about 5 percent of the total population. The rest consists mostly of Slavic Muslims, Croats and Roma.

For some time the question has been raised as to whether Montenegrins are a separate people or rather a group of Serbs. This topic is also controversial within the population of Montenegro. Conservative Serbs in particular take the view that the Montenegrins are part of the Serbian people.

These cultural questions are repeatedly outshone by the national soccer team of Montenegro. Montenegro has been a member of UEFA and FIFA since 2007. Even Bike races are very popular in Montenegro. Among other things, the annual tour of Montenegro has been taking place for some time. International professional cyclists also start here. The national cycling race Putevima Kralja Nikole is also very popular.

Montenegro – key data

Area: 13,812 km² (of which land: 13,452 km², water: 360 km²)

Population: 661,807 (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Montenegrins 43%, Serbs 32%, Bosniaks 8%, Albanians 5%, others (including Muslims, Croats and Roma) 12% (2003 census).

Population density: 48 people per km²

Population growth: -0.705% per year (2011, CIA). One of the sharpest population declines worldwide.

Capital: Podgorica (143,718 residents, 2008)

Highest point: Bobotov Kuk, 2,522 m

Lowest point: Adriatic Sea, 0 m

Form of government: Montenegro has been independent since February 4, 2003 (part of the confederation of states – Serbia and Montenegro). After a referendum, Montenegro left the confederation on May 21, 2006, and independence was proclaimed by the Parliament of Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Montenegro is a parliamentary democracy, the constitution dates from 2003.

Administrative division: 21 municipalities: Podgorica, Nikši ?, Bijelo Polje, Bar, Pljevlja, Berane, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Ro aje, Ulcinj, Cetinje, Danilovgrad, Budva, Plav, Tivat, Mojkovac, Kolašin, Andrijevica, Plu ine, abljak and Šavnik.

Head of State: President Filip Vujanovi ?, since May 22, 2003

Head of Government: Prime Minister Milo? Ukanovi ?, since December 2, 2012

Language: The official languages ​​in Montenegro are Montenegrin (spoken by 22% of the population), Serbian (63.6%), Bosnian (5.5%), Albanian (5.3%) and Croatian. (2003 census)

Religion: Orthodox churches 74.2%, Muslims 17.7%, Catholics 3.5%, others 0.6%, no information 3%, atheists 1% (2003 census)

Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Montenegro (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.

International phone code: +382


Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz

Montenegro Geography

The Republic of Montenegro is located on the southern Balkan Peninsula and borders Serbia in the northeast, Croatia in the west, Bosnia-Herzegovina in the northwest, Albania in the southeast and Kosovo in the east. With a total area of ​​14,000 square kilometers, Montenegro was the smallest republic in the former Yugoslavia. The approximately 650,000 people who live in Montenegro are roughly comparable to the population of a medium-sized city in Germany.

The landscape of Montenegro can be divided into four large regions: The Bay of Kotor, the coastal landscape to the south of it with the coastal mountains towering behind it, the lowlands of Podgorica and the basin of Lake Skadar as well as the mountains in the north and northeast.

The narrow coast of Montenegro, separated from the hinterland by a steep mountain range, has a total length of about 293 kilometers. With its 173 beaches, the region that lives from tourism is an important branch of the economy. The extremely clean sea water also contributes to this because numerous streams near the coast ensure a good exchange of water. The coast is separated from the inland by mountains rising steeply from the water. The karst mountain range is cut through by gorges and valleys, from which steep cliffs protrude again and again. In the middle of the karst area is the mountain Lovcen, which is also the symbol of Montenegro. The Montenegrin mountains are part of the Dinaric mountain system, which consists predominantly of lime. The mountains of Montenegro are home to three huge national parks with spectacular landscapes. Next to the Lovcen National Park with the mountain of the same name are the Durmitor and Biogradska Gora nature reserves in the north-east of the country. The latter is considered to be one of the last three primeval forests in Europe, which offers various tree species, plants, insects and animal species ideal living conditions. The Durmitor National Park is no less impressive with its 22 mountain peaks over 2,200 meters high and 19 mountain lakes. The highest mountain in Montenegro is the Bobotov Kuk with 2,522 meters.

In contrast, large areas of Montenegro consist of extensive high plateaus, which are hardly usable due to their karstification. Grasslands and pastureland shape the image of this part of the country. The Zeta Plain in the northeast is much more productive, which is the most fertile region and at the same time the most densely populated in the country. Here is the Skadarsko Jezero National Park and Lake Skadar, with a total area of ​​40,000 hectares, a small part of which is in Albania. The Zeta Plain is bordered by the Rumija Mountains, which make the way to the coast steep and arduous again.

The longest river in Montenegro is the Tara which winds its way through the Montenegrin mountains for about 150 kilometers. For a total of 80 kilometers, the Tara flows through the second longest gorge in the world, which, with a depth of 1,300 meters, ranks right after the gigantic Colorado Gorge in the USA. Drinking water is usually scarce in Montenegro and, despite the large number of rivers, is sometimes imported from the surrounding countries.

Montenegro climate

The coast of Montenegro has a Mediterranean climate with short cool winters and long, dry ones Summers. Further inland, the winters are longer and colder, the summers shorter and hotter. The mountain regions have cold, snowy winters and warm summers.

Best travel time for Montenegro

The months of May, June and September are best for traveling to the Montenegrin coast. The High season July and August are less cheap, especially because the accommodations are often fully booked. The ski season in Montenegro lasts from December to March. Visit rctoysadvice for Montenegro Travel Guide.

Montenegro Country Overview