Moldova Road Network

By | October 31, 2022

In general, the road network is in a deplorable condition. The main road from Chişinu to the Romanian border at Leuşeni, on the other hand, has been renovated to modern standards. The other main routes are paved, but many regional roads have unpaved sections. There is one road that is sometimes considered a motorway, the M3 from Chişinu south for 50 kilometers. Presumably, however, this road has the status of a motorway. There are also some roads with 2×2 lanes, especially around Chişinu. Old Soviet transit routes, such as the M5 and M1, have been upgraded to a higher standard, with concrete slabs and grade-separated intersections. The road surface is usually bad. There are border controls with Transnistria.

Chișinău

Bulevardul Dacia (R2).

Chișinău grew rapidly after World War II and the city was rebuilt with Stalinist architecture, with large concrete flats and wide boulevards. The center of the city is built in a grid. The Bulevardul Ștefan cel Mare is the main city road through the center. The Bulevardul Grigore Vieru connects at right angles to this and is a boulevard with separate lanes and avenue planting. In and to the large apartment blocks in the suburbs of the city are a number of major urban roads, such as the Bulevardul Dacia to the south and the Bulevardul Moscova to the north. Another major urban road in the northeast of the city is the Bulevardul Mircea cel Bătrân.

Chișinău has partly a bypass for through traffic. The M1 forms the northern bypass and the M2 the southwestern bypass. The other important roads are mainly approach roads from Chișinău. Chișinău has no real highways, but there are double-lane roads and occasionally there are grade separated connections.

Statistics

According to wholevehicles, Moldova’s road network is estimated at approximately 40,000 kilometers. Of this, 10,635 kilometers are primary roads, of which 5,857 kilometers are national roads and 3,708 kilometers are local roads. 1,070 kilometers of road is in the administration of Transnistria. There are also 30,000 kilometers of municipal roads, streets and local roads of minor importance.

1,730 kilometers of road is seen as a priority to modernize. This included all M roads and part of the R roads.

Road management

The road management of Moldova is a task of the Ministerul Economiei și Infrastructurii (MEI). The actual road management is entrusted to the Administrația de Stat a Drumurilor (ASD). In 2022 the budget was 1.4 billion lei.

History

During the Soviet Union, several road projects were carried out in the Moldavian SSR. The main upgrades at the time were the new construction of the M14 around Chişinu and Tiraspol and the all-new M21 from Chişinu to the border with Ukraine. These projects were probably carried out in the 1970s. During that period, parts of the M14 in central Moldova were also upgraded with new routes and grade separated intersections. The M1, M14 and M21 were the best developed roads of the Moldavian SSR at the time.

In the 1980s, the M3 was built as a dual carriageway from Chişinu southwards. By 1990 this was completed as far as Porumbrei over a distance of 50 kilometers. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Moldova had other priorities, such as the conflict with Transnistria and the subsequent economic malaise. Today it is still the least developed country in Europe and so is the road network. Hardly any major road projects of any size have been implemented between 1990 and 2020, although some roads have been modernized. Many roads did not have proper road markings and signs. In the period 2010-2019, a large number of roads were provided with road markings and traffic signs. Up to 2019, 415 kilometers of road have been modernised, especially large parts of the M2. The largest project from 2020 was the extension of the M3 from Porumbrei to Cimișlia. The M1 around Chişinău has also been widened to 2×2 lanes.

In 2018, the Drumuri Bune pentru Moldova (Good Roads for Moldova) program was initiated to systematically improve the road network with a target for each year. The program focused not only on the main trunk roads, but also the improvement of the secondary road network in rural areas. About two-thirds of the annual target is to improve unpaved roads to improve accessibility in rural areas.

Motorways

In Moldova, a road sign was cataloged in 2017 for the motorway type of road. The prefix ‘A’ for motorways has also been established in the Roads Act. There are no roads in Moldova that meet the full requirements for a motorway. The closest is the M3 from Chișinău to Cimișlia. There is also no separate maximum speed limit for motorways. The name of a motorway in Moldova is recorded in Romanian and Russian: Autostradă / Автомагистраль.

Road numbering

The R6 at Bălți.

The road numbering in Moldova has been adjusted several times. Originally the road numbering existed from the time of the Soviet Union. This later partly continued in the form of the M-roads, but other M-numbers were introduced. The road network was renumbered in 2016. Whether the road numbers are indicated on the signage is unclear.

Road Categories

Below are all road number prefixes in Moldova.

# Road category
E European way
a Highwayă
M Drum on purpose
R Drum Republican
G Drum Regional
L Drum de interes raional

Main road network

The M3 south of Chişinău.

Drumuri express

# No. Route Length
M1 Border Romania – Leuşeni – Chişinu – Dubăsari – border Ukraine 154 km
M2 Drumul de centură al mun. Chișinău 6 km
M3 Chişinu – Comrat – Giurgiulești – border Romania 180 km
M3.1 Giurgiulești – Ukraine border 2 km
M4 Tiraspol – Dubăsari – Rîbnița 123 km
M5 Border Ukraine – Criva – Bălți – Chișinău – Tiraspol – border Ukraine 358 km

Drumuri republican

# No. Route Length
R1 Chişinu – Ungheni – Romania border 124 km
R2 Chisinau – Bender – Tiraspol – M5 85 km
R3 Chişinău – Hînceşti – Cimişlia – Basarabeasca – Ukraine border 98 km
R4 R6 – Goian – Criuleni – M1 35 km
R5 M5 – Vadul lui Vodă – M4 21 km
R6 Chișinău – Orhei – Bălți 125 km
R7 R14 – Drochia – Costeşti – border Romania 91 km
R8 Edineţ – Otaci – Ukraine border 55 km
R9 R14 – Oldănești – R20 45 km
R10 R25 – M1 12 km
R11 Border Ukraine – Briceni – Ocnița – Otaci – R8 65 km
R12 R8 – Donduşeni – Drochia – Pelinia – M5 63 km
R13 Bălţi – Florești – R14 40 km
R14 R6 – Codrul Nou – Soroca – Unguri – Ukraine border 98 km
R15 M5 – Glodenia 30 km
R16 Bălți – Fălești – Sculeni – Ungheni 57 km
R17 Făleşti – Pîrliţa 32 km
R18 M4 – Camenca – border Ukraine 62 km
R19 R9 – Cunicea – Camenca 31 km
R20 Orhei – Rezina – Rîbnița 54 km
R21 Orhei – Bravicea – Călărași 63 km
R22 Telenești – Ratuș – R6 11 km
R23 Basarabeasca – M3 24 km
R24 R2 – Parcani – Bîcioc – Speia 26 km
R25 Bucovăţ – Nisporic 36 km
R26 Bender – Căuşeni – Cimişlia 87 km
R27 Tiraspol – Nezavertailovca – Pervomaisc 50 km
R28 M3 – Comrat 14 km
R29 Comrat – Ceadîr–Lunga – Ukraine border 45 km
R30 Anenii Noi – Căuşeni – Ştefan Vodă – Ukraine border 99 km
R31 R30 – Tudora – Palanca – Ukraine border 18 km
R32 M3 – Vulcăneşti – Cahul – Taraclia 73 km
R33 Hînceşti – Lăpuşna – M1 37 km
R34 Hînceşti – Leova – Cahul – Giurgiulești 181 km
R35 Comrat – Cantemir – R34 43 km
R36 Basarabeasca – Ceadîr-Lunga – R29 37 km
R37 Ceadîr-Lunga – Taraclia – R32 24 km

European roads

European roads in Moldova
E58 • E87 • E581 • E583 • E584

Toll

There are no toll roads in Moldova, but foreign vehicles must pay a road tax through a vignette.

Maximum speed

The speed limit in Moldova is 50 km/h within built-up areas, 90 km/h outside built-up areas and 110 km/h on motorways (drum pentru automobile). There are no motorways in Moldova, but in the traffic regulations of Moldova an autostradă is included as a definition, and a road sign has been introduced for it. However, there is no maximum speed linked to it in the traffic regulations.

Road safety

Year Road fatalities
2010 452
2011 443
2012 445
2013 301
2014 324
2015 297
2016 311
2017 302
2018 274

Road safety in Moldova is of a poor level. In 2018, there were 274 road deaths, a rate of 102 per 1 million inhabitants, comparable to the worst-scoring EU members, although better than many developing countries. In recent years, especially after 2010, work has been done on road safety. In the first instance, the infrastructure was considered. On many roads there is no lighting, signage, beaconing and road markings are missing. This is being improved in a structured manner, although Moldova still has a long way to go.

Moldova Road Network