Demonstration against feminicides and violence against women
Women were not granted the right to vote until 1953. The traditional role of women as “only” housewives and mothers is increasingly changing towards employment and responsibility for generating the livelihood of the family. In the past, young women only left home to start a family, whereas today they often do so for reasons of education or work. In many cases, this change of role is difficult for those involved, leads to tensions within the family and often to violence. The self-image of men as a dominant figure in society and as head of the family (machismo) is equally changing, although it is still present in large parts of the country. Despite this change, Mexico was the country with the most for a while Pregnancies in girls between the ages of 10 and 18. With 66.2 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19, Mexico is still well above the OECD average. The life expectancy of women has increased significantly over the past three decades, as has the level of education and their share in the labor market. According to the Human Development Report, 43.8% of women over the age of 15 were employed in 2018; the proportion of the male population was 78.9%. In 2018, the proportion of women in the Mexican parliament was 48.4%. The Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres provides information on the situation of women in Mexico, a country located in North America according to thefreegeography.
Women’s demonstration in Mexico City
The Mexican population continues to grow, albeit at a declining growth rate of 1.18%. Almost a third of the population is under 14 years old, around 66% between 15 and 64 years of age and thus of working age.
Women and family
The number of children per family decreased from 5 in 1990 to 2.15 in 2018. Mothers are still largely responsible for keeping families together. The emotional ties in Mexican families are very strong, often also to the extended family. Ties to relatives and valued friends are often strengthened by an “artificial” association called ” Compadrazgo”. The Compadre (godfather) receives this special title out of gratitude for help provided in financial, material or emotional matters. The “Comadre” (godmother) stands by the mother’s side.
The concentration of indigenous peoples in the southern states is greater than in the north. What they all have in common is that they live in extreme poverty and are often marginalized and on the fringes of society. Until the early 1980’s, indigenous peoples were viewed as a backward “holdover” that Mexican mestizo society attempted to deal with and that would be assimilated. Criticism from intellectuals and movements, especially the struggle of the Zapatista liberation army in 1994 for the recognition of indigenous rights, today propagates a “togetherness” of diverse cultures rather half-heartedly, without, however, working decisively on improving living conditions.
Some federal states (Oaxaca, 1995) have changed the state laws so that ethnic groups in the districts (Municipios) can govern and administer themselves according to their own customs (usos y costumbres) and without the political influence of the parties. This possibility has been anchored in the constitution since 2001. In the southern state of Chiapas, the Zapatista movement operates its own form of government, the Caracoles, without ever having negotiated this with the federal government.
Geographically, Mexico is located in the southern part of North America. It is separated from its northern neighbor, the USA, by a 3,141 km long border. In the south it meets the Central American countries Belize (250 km border) and Guatemala (963 km border). With an area of 1,972,550 km², Mexico is almost six times larger than Germany.
History & State
Since the revolution, the Mexican state has endeavored to create a national identity through myths from national history and the glorification of national heroes and indigenous high cultures. The undifferentiated, clichéd and patriotic understanding of history that has emerged in this way is in clear contradiction to the political and social reality of the country.
Economy & Development
Mexico’s economy has already taken the most important steps towards a global market-integrated and export-oriented economic and development policy. Agriculture, on the other hand, is in a crisis. In Mexico, too, living conditions are not determined solely by economic growth.
Society & culture
The population in the multi-ethnic state of Mexico is young; the high social gradient and the large discrepancy between the ways of life of the urban and rural population are changing due to numerous interest groups. Mexican museums and archaeological sites are usually worth a visit, and contemporary literature and art are also highly regarded.
Everyday life & practical information
To conclude, we aim to provide you with some useful information and links to make traveling, living and working in Mexico easier. Have fun surfing and in Mexico!