Mauritius Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022
Basic data
Capital Port Louis
Population 1.27 million
Language official language French and English; other languages: Mauritian Creole, Bhojpuri and Hindi
Religion Hinduism (52%), Christianity (30%), Islam (17%)
State system parliamentary republic
Head of State Prithvirajsingh Roopun GCSK
Head of government Pravind Jugnauth
Currency name Mauritian rupee

Mauritius Basic Information

Travel
Time shift +3h (in summer +2h)
Economy 2021
Nominal GDP (billion USD) 28.1
Economic growth (%) 4.8
Inflation (%) 4
Unemployment (%) 9.5

Mauritius continues to maintain its position as the most “business friendly” country in sub-Saharan Africa, and at the same time achieves the best ranking in the framework of Doing Business (13th position out of 190 ranked countries in the world) among the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The executive branch is headed by Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth. The President of Mauritius has only a representative role and as of late 2019 is Prithvirajsing ROOPUN GCSK The legal system is based on English common law, the Napoleonic Code and the 1968 constitution.

The globally integrated Mauritian economy recorded an economic growth of 4.8% in 2021, recovering from a significant decline of 14% in 2020. It was the covid-19 pandemic that negatively affected tourism and froze related industries in 2020. Economic growth in 2021 was driven by strong domestic demand and reviving external demand from China and India for agricultural and manufacturing products (especially sugar and textiles). Domestic demand is also expected to grow more significantly in the coming years by approximately 3.9% per year, which is related to the increase in minimum wages and total incomes in Mauritius. Inflation in 2021 reached 4% and unemployment 9.5%.

The Mauritian economy is built mainly on tourism, agriculture (sugar production, fishing), textile and clothing industry and is also an important financial center of the southern hemisphere. Mauritius represents a crossroads where European and Asian (primarily Indian) customs meet during business negotiations. It is the Indian style that prevails with regard to a significant part of the population originating from India – both Hindu and Muslim. However, compared to dealings in India and Pakistan, Mauritius is more influenced by European style, especially French. Although Mauritius was a British colony, considerable influence, including linguistic, was left by the original colonizers from France.

This summary territorial information is for the so-called accredited country of the Embassy of the Czech Republic in Pretoria and is prepared in abbreviated form.

Basic information about the territory

Subchapters:

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Official name: Republic of Mauritius (eng. Republic of Mauritius)

The president is elected by the parliament for 5 years and has only a ceremonial function, in practice he exercises almost no powers. From December 2, 2019, President Prithvirajsing ROOPUN GCSK took over.

Prime Minister: Pravind Kumar JUGNAUTH (re-elected for another 5 years, from November 2019).

The Prime Minister is the head of the executive branch and is concurrently Minister of Defence, Home Affairs and External Communications and Minister of Rodrigues Island, Outlying Islands and Territorial Integrity. The Deputy Prime Minister is Louis Steven OBEEGADOO, who is also Minister of Housing and Land Use Planning and Minister of Tourism. Check cancermatters to learn more about Mauritius political system.

It is the most stable democratic system in Africa with a high level of respect for political institutions. The government has a successful coalition, the Morisien Alliance, which will maintain a strong position until the next election in 2024.

List of other ministers:

  • Leela Devi DOOKUN-LUCHOOMUN, GCSK – Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Education, Higher Education, Science and Technology;
  • Mohammad Anwar HUSNOO – Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Local Governance and Risk Management;
  • Alan GANOO – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Minister of Land Transport and Light Rail;
  • Renganaden PADAYACHY – Minister of Finance, Economic Planning and Development;
  • Georges Pierre LESJONGARD – Minister of Energy and Public Services;
  • Fazila JEEWA-DAUREEAWOO, GCSK – Minister of Social Integration, Social Security and National Solidarity;
  • Soomilduth BHOLAH – Minister of Industrial Development, Small and Medium Enterprises and Cooperatives;
  • Kavydass RAMANO – Minister of Environment, Solid Waste Management and Climate Change;
  • Mahen Kumar SEERUTTUN – Minister for Financial Services and Good Governance;
  • Maneesh GOBIN – Attorney General, Minister for Agribusiness and Food Security;
  • Jean Christophe Stephan TOUSSAINT – Minister for Youth Empowerment, Sport and Recreation;
  • Mahendranuth Sharma HURREERAM – Minister for National Infrastructure and Community Development;
  • Darsanand BAlgOBIN – Minister of Information Technology, Communications and Innovation;
  • Soodesh Satkam CALLICHURN – Minister of Labour, Human Resource Development and Training, Minister of Commerce and Consumer Protection;
  • Kailesh Kumar Singh JAGUTPAL – Minister of Health and Recreational Facilities;
  • Sudheer MAUDHOO – Minister for Blue Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries and Transport;
  • Kalpana Devi KOONJOO-SHAH – Minister for Gender Equality and Family Welfare;
  • Avinash TEELUCK – Minister of Arts and Cultural Heritage;
  • Teeruthraj HURDOYAL – Minister of Public Services, Administration and Institutional Reforms.

A list of ministries can be found at this link.

Foreign policy of the country

The island nation is part of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).

Mauritius maintains strong ties with its major trading partners, China and India. From January 2021, the Free Trade Agreement between Mauritius and China entered into force. The agreement covers more than 40 industries, including financial services, telecommunications and professional services. With India, Mauritius signed a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Free Trade Partnership Agreement in mid-February 2021, under which Mauritius will benefit from preferential market access to India for more than 600 products, including frozen fish, specialty sugar and apparel, which are the main exports of Mauritius. Check prozipcodes for Mauritius defense and foreign policy.

Population

Demographic indicators:

  • Population: 1,272,605 (2019)
  • Population density per km2: 653 inhabitants/km2
  • Area: 2040 km2 (Mauritius Island 1865 km2; remainder Rodrigues Island, Agalega and St Brandon)
  • Average annual population increase: 0.1% (average for the islands)

The capital is Port Louis (118.8 thousand inhabitants), and other cities: Beau Bassin-Rose Hill (10thousand inhabitants), Vacoas-Phoenix (106 thousand inhabitants), Curepipe (78.7 thousand inhabitants) and Quatre Bornes (77.3 thousand inhabitants).

Climate: subtropical

National composition: 52% – Mauritian Indians (Hindu) 27% – Creoles (originally slaves from Africa and Madagascar) 17% – Mauritian Indians (Islam) 2% – Mauritian Chinese 2% – Mauritian French (economically the strongest group)

Religious composition: 52% – Hindu 30% – Catholic (including Creoles and most Chinese – mostly Roman, very small percentage Protestant) 17% – Muslim 1% – Other (Buddhist)