Malta Politics and Religion

By | December 26, 2021

Constitutional and administrative order. – According to the constitution of April 14, 1921, suspended in 1930, modified and reinstated in 1932 and suspended again on November 2, 1933, Malta was an English possession with responsible government. The provisions of the constitution were as follows:

The Governor (Governor and CommanderinChief), representative of the Crown, exercises executive power through an Executive Council or ministry, composed of no more than seven members chosen and appointed by him from among the members of the Senate and the Legislative assembly and heads of twelve departments (Justice, Treasury, Public Education, Public Works, Public Health, Police, Charitable Institutes, Agriculture, Industry, Commerce, Customs, Posts and Telegraphs) and a nominative Council composed of five members: the lieutenant the governor, the legal adviser, the three commanders of the sea, land and air forces; the executive council and the nominative form the governor’s private council.

The legislative function for local affairs is entrusted to a parliament constituted by the Legislative Assembly of 32 members elected in eight districts with a proportional system and by the Senate of 17 members (of which 10 direct representatives of various social classes and 7 elected). Laws to become enforceable must be approved by the governor and ultimately the crown. The matters “reserved” to the Crown are removed from the competence of the parliament, that is everything related to the control and discipline of the maritime, land and imperial air forces, the defense of the island, foreign trade, currency, all immigration, treaties and all relations with foreign states.

The governor has the right of pardon; the judges of the higher courts are appointed by the governor in council.

The aforementioned constitution therefore established in Malta a diarchic regime with limited local autonomy. It established the principle of full freedom of conscience and the free exercise of all worship. For provisions regarding the language, see below: History.

Following the suspension of the constitution, the governor took over all administration directly. Malta then returned to the “Crown Colony” regime without responsible government. There is no municipal system in Malta.

Religion. – The indigenous population is Catholic. The bishopric of Malta – whose institution is traced back to St. Paul – is in any case very ancient and attested since the century. YOU. After the interruption due to the domination of the Saracens, the diocese was re-established in 1095; in 1154 she was made suffragan of Palermo; in 1780 the title of Archbishopric of Rhodes was added to it. It is now immediately subject to the Holy See, like the diocese of Gozo, established in 1864. For Malta religion, please check thereligionfaqs.com.

Ethnography and Folklore

The Maltese are known as excellent sailors and skilled fishermen. Carried by the mercantile instinct, they meet in every place where there is traffic: in the ports with the characteristic boats in bright colors; in the streets where, in a vertiginous way along the descents, the carriages and the wagons with horses richly adorned with tufts of hair and feathers, red and yellow braids; in the markets, where they sell the products of the fields, pastoralism and fishing, in the midst of a deafening din under the lamp of the small sacred image. Great is the number of goats, who are milking the milk from door to door. Hardworking, sober, thrifty, they are proud and spirited, with a heated impulse in their passions that makes them pass for violent; lively and imaginative, they express themselves with picturesque gestures and colorful phrases.

Strong and robust men have medium stature, brown skin, bright eyes, black and somewhat frizzy hair; the women, agile in the person and quick in the movements, have a white complexion, large eyes with long lashes, dark hair; and their bearing acquires a majestic grace under the black mantle, which takes the name of the faldetta. This garment, which in past centuries enveloped the whole person, from head to toe, like a tunic, was gradually reduced to the knee, and in this last form it is nevertheless seen. In the poorer classes it is made of black wool; in those elevated of silk or stamina of the same color; and, sometimes, in the countryside it is made of blue linen. The mantle is equipped with a hood, which, by means of whalebones, forms an arch on the forehead and serves to protect the hairstyle. To get an idea of ​​the typical costumes of the Maltese commoners, it is necessary to go back a little in time, when they were in use by the people of the countryside, the cone cap, called spleen, similar to the Sicilian cap of the same name; the white or variegated band (terha) with hanging fringes on the side; the coat, vulgo cabozza, a kind of thick wool overcoat; the leather sandals. Peasants and fishermen usually wore a doublet folded over their arm and, on their shoulders, a home-made saddlebag with blue squared designs. Going to live in a new house, the Maltese usually set up the table with roasted fish; in case of mourning, then, especially in ancient times, they used to paint the doors and windows black, throw flower pots on the ground, cut off the horses’ tails and even cut the vines. Characteristic feasts for them are the carnival parade and the procession of San Gregorio.

Malta religion