In 1985, 345,518 residents were registered; a 1991 estimate raised the state’s population to 355,910. The migratory movement is, on the whole, rather contained and continues to register negative balances, but not such as to exceed and cancel, as in the recent past, the contribution of natural growth. Therefore, during the second half of the 1980s, the annual growth coefficient was positive (+ 0.8%). The capital, Valletta, has just over 9,000 residents, but is an integral part of an urban-port agglomeration populated by over 100,000 residents.
The recent evolution of the economy has been characterized by a further downsizing of the contribution of the agricultural sector and by a notable strengthening of the industrial apparatus and service activities. Thus, in 1990, out of a total workforce of about 130,000 units, just over 3,000 were employed in agriculture and fishing (whose contribution to the gross domestic product is now reduced to a few percentage points), 35,400 were employed in manufacturing industries. and 43,000 in (private) services. In 1991, per capita income exceeded $ 6,800, and throughout the 1980s it increased by an average of 3.6%.
The Maltese government pursues an economic policy, favored by its strategic geographical position, which aims to attract foreign investments in the industrial sector, guaranteeing political stability, the presence of adequate infrastructures and a good supply of services to businesses, availability of an easily trained and highly trained workforce. ability to adapt, financial and tax benefits. Most of the 300 manufacturing companies currently in existence, which benefit from state aid, are owned by foreign owners or involve foreign interests. Particularly widespread are the food, textile and clothing, mechanical, plastic materials, wood and furniture, tobacco and related products industries. For Malta political system, please check politicsezine.com.
The problem of water supply, which has become particularly critical following the increase in tourist flows and the restructuring of the economy, has been tackled since 1967 by resorting to seawater desalination plants. Currently the water obtained with this technique is around 40% of the country’s overall water needs, allowing to slow down the rate of exploitation of the deep underground aquifers.
Imports ($ 1328 million in 1989) far exceed exports ($ 866 million). In 1990 Italy was in first place among Malta’s commercial partners. The merchant navy has a gross tonnage of 4.5 million tons, while internal transport is ensured by a network of 1600 km of roads.
Immediately after the Second World War, the colony was granted self-government with patent letters dated 5 September 1947; but the political life of the country, in which some powers were still reserved for the governor, was not entirely calm. In the elections of December 1953, 19 Maltese Labor, 18 nationalists and 3 representatives of the workers’ party were elected and joined the nationalists to form a coalition government. In February 1956 a plebiscite was held to decide on integration in the United Kingdom: in addition to a very high number of abstentions and 2559 votes declared null, 67,607 votes in favor and 20,177 votes against integration were held. On April 26 the government in office resigned: unrest broke out, following which a state of emergency was declared on April 30 and the governor assumed direct administration of the island. In November-December 1958 a series of meetings were held in London between the UK government and Maltese political leaders, seeking a common basis for the restoration of a constitutional government, but without success. The situation was unblocked on April 15, 1959 with the revocation of the 1947 constitution, replaced by a provisional constitution which provides for an Executive Council composed of 3 ex-officio members (chief secretary, legal secretary, finance secretary) and at least three other official members. and how many unofficial members the governor likes to appoint. All legislative and administrative powers are in the hands of the governor assisted by the Executive Council.
Official languages are English and Maltese.
The population (1957 estimate) is around 316,000 residents. Breeding (1956): sheep 16,721, goats 43,984, cattle 2142, pigs 15,173, horses 2151. Fishing: 839 tons. Imports (26 million pounds) are seven times higher than exports (3.8 million). The cars amount to 14,000.
The revocation of the national ministry (November 2, 1933) was followed by other provisions, which aggravated the crisis and demonstrated the intention of the British government to deprive Malta of all forms of autonomy and to fight the ideal and spiritual values that nourish the national consciousness of those islanders. New patent letters of August 16, 1934, which came into force on October 1, completely abolished Italian in the courts, in every branch of the administration and in legislation; a governorial order of 6 October 1934 made the use of Maltese and English compulsory in teaching law, engineering and architecture at the university; an ordinance of May 31, 1935 abolished the obligation to use Italian in notarial deeds; a
During the Italo-Ethiopian conflict of 1935-1936 and the consequent Italo-English tension Malta lived under a more severe police regime; Italian professors were fired; Maltese officials were dismissed because they were suspected of harboring Italian feelings; the Italian Cultural Institute was closed (July 1936). Finally, as a seal of all the previous provisions, on September 2, 1936 the patent letters went into effect, dated August 12, 1936, with which the 1921 constitution and the provisions that had amended it were abolished; it was established that the governor, by delegation of the king, centralized in his hands all the executive and legislative power, without popular representative bodies, with the assistance of an executive council made up of high officials and persons of his own nomination. It was also established that the official languages recognized were Maltese for the courts and English for the administration. On 3 September of the same year, the exclusive use of Maltese and English for schools and notarial deeds was arranged.
The direct administration of the British government in Malta was not happy on the financial side either. Expenses have grown dramatically, opening up deficits in the budget that the governor has tried to remedy with fiscal measures. Lord Strickland himself arose against a tax order by the governor, who had also done his best to violate constitutional freedoms in Malta, stating, on the basis of the principle no taxation without representation, that the Maltese were not required to pay unvoted taxes. by representatives of the people. His appeal was rejected by the Civil Court of Malta on 11 October 1937, but was accepted by the Court of Appeal of Malta with a sentence of 4 March 1938 (well analyzed in the newspaper Malta of 7 March), in which it is argued that the Maltese recognized British sovereignty in exchange for respecting their privileges, that, in any case, the British sovereign with the constitution of 1921 had deprived himself of the power to legislate with orders in council o open letters towards the Maltese, except in reserved matters, and that this power was not expressly conferred on him with the constitution of 1936. The governor ordered that the sentence of March 4, 1938 (whose legal and political consequences are evidently considerable) was suspended until the private council of her majesty was pronounced on it. Meanwhile in Malta, with the hope that the sentence of the private council would redress the wrongs committed.