Malta 1983

By | September 12, 2023

In 1983, Malta was a small Mediterranean island nation located in the southern part of Europe. It had a rich history, a strategic location, and a unique cultural blend of Mediterranean, European, and North African influences. This description provides an overview of Malta in 1983, covering its geography, history, society, economy, and political landscape.


Malta is an archipelago consisting of three major islands: Malta, Gozo, and Comino, along with several smaller islets. It is situated in the central Mediterranean Sea, approximately 93 kilometers (58 miles) south of Sicily, Italy. The country’s geographical coordinates are approximately 35°53’N latitude and 14°30’E longitude.

Malta is characterized by its rocky terrain, low hills, and a coastline that features numerous natural harbors, making it strategically important throughout history. The country’s small size and limited natural resources have influenced its economic and cultural development.


Malta has a long and storied history dating back to ancient times. It has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic period, with the Ggantija temples on Gozo being some of the world’s oldest freestanding structures, dating back over 5,000 years.

Throughout history, Malta has been ruled by various powers, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Normans, Knights Hospitaller (Order of St. John), and the British Empire. British rule, which began in the 19th century, significantly shaped Malta’s modern institutions, including its legal and administrative systems.

Malta played a crucial role in World War II as a British naval and air base, earning it the nickname “The Unsinkable Aircraft Carrier.” It endured heavy bombing during the war but ultimately played a vital role in the Allied victory.

In 1964, Malta gained independence from British rule and became a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1974, it officially became a republic and adopted its current constitution.

Society and Culture:

Malta’s society in 1983 was influenced by a mix of Mediterranean, European, and North African cultures. The Maltese language, a Semitic language with Romance influences, is the country’s official language and an essential aspect of Maltese identity. English was also widely spoken and served as the second official language, making Malta bilingual.

The majority of the population in 1983 was Roman Catholic, and the Church had a significant influence on Maltese society and culture. Religious festivals and feasts were an integral part of Maltese life, marked by processions, fireworks, and celebrations throughout the year.

Traditional Maltese cuisine featured a fusion of Mediterranean flavors, with seafood, pasta, rabbit, and local produce playing prominent roles in dishes like pastizzi, rabbit stew, and fish soup. Maltese craftsmanship, including filigree silverware and handblown glass, was highly regarded.


In 1983, Malta’s economy was primarily based on manufacturing, trade, and services. The country had limited natural resources and relied on imports for many of its needs, including food and energy.

The manufacturing sector included electronics, textiles, and pharmaceuticals, with some foreign companies establishing operations in Malta due to favorable tax incentives.

Tourism was also a significant contributor to the economy, with Malta’s historical sites, Mediterranean climate, and scenic landscapes attracting visitors from Europe and around the world.

Political Landscape:

In 1983, Malta was a parliamentary republic with a democratic political system. The head of state was the President, while the head of government was the Prime Minister. The country had a unicameral parliament known as the House of Representatives, with members elected by the Maltese people.

According to softwareleverage, the political landscape was dominated by two major political parties: the Nationalist Party (Partit Nazzjonalista) and the Malta Labour Party (Partit Laburista). These parties competed in elections and alternated in power, leading to a competitive and lively political environment.

International Relations:

Malta’s strategic location in the Mediterranean has given it geopolitical significance throughout its history. In 1983, Malta maintained diplomatic relations with various countries and was a member of international organizations such as the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations.

The country’s neutrality was particularly emphasized during the Cold War, and it pursued a policy of non-alignment, meaning it did not align itself with either the Western or Eastern blocs.


Tourism was a vital sector of Malta’s economy in 1983. The country’s historical sites, including the ancient city of Mdina, the Megalithic Temples, and the Grand Harbour, attracted tourists interested in history and culture. The picturesque coastal towns, clear Mediterranean waters, and vibrant festivals also made Malta an appealing destination for leisure travelers.


In 1983, Malta was a small but culturally rich island nation with a storied history, vibrant traditions, and a growing economy driven by manufacturing and tourism. Its strategic location in the Mediterranean Sea and its unique blend of cultures gave it a distinct identity and played a pivotal role in its historical development. Malta’s journey as an independent republic was marked by its commitment to neutrality, democratic governance, and its continued relevance in regional and international affairs.

Location of Malta

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a small island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea, approximately 93 kilometers (58 miles) south of the Italian island of Sicily. Despite its small size, Malta boasts a rich history, a unique culture, and a strategic location that has made it a crossroads of civilizations for millennia. In this description, we will explore the geographical aspects of Malta, including its location, topography, climate, and surrounding seas.

Geographical Location:

According to paulfootwear, Malta’s geographical coordinates place it roughly between 35°50’N latitude and 14°30’E longitude. It is situated in the southern part of Europe, specifically in the central Mediterranean Sea. Malta is an archipelago consisting of three main islands:

  1. Malta: The largest and most populous island, which also gives its name to the entire country.
  2. Gozo: The second-largest island, known for its rural charm and historical sites.
  3. Comino: The smallest and least populated island, famous for the Blue Lagoon and its natural beauty.

These islands, along with several smaller islets, together make up the Maltese archipelago.


Malta’s topography is characterized by low-lying terrain with rocky coasts and low hills. The islands are mostly composed of limestone rock, which gives them their distinctive pale color and has been used in traditional Maltese architecture for centuries.

One notable geographical feature of Malta is its natural harbors, which are the result of deeply indented coastlines. The Grand Harbour, located in the capital city of Valletta, is one of the most significant natural harbors in the Mediterranean and has played a crucial role in Malta’s history as a strategic maritime location.


Malta experiences a Mediterranean climate characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The climate is influenced by its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, and it can be further broken down into the following seasons:

  1. Summer (June to September): Summers in Malta are hot and dry, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 30°C to 35°C (86°F to 95°F). This is the peak tourist season when visitors flock to the islands to enjoy the Mediterranean beaches and outdoor activities.
  2. Autumn (October to November): Autumn is a transitional season with pleasant temperatures and decreasing rainfall. It’s an excellent time to explore Malta’s historical sites and natural beauty without the crowds.
  3. Winter (December to February): Winters in Malta are mild but can be damp and cool. Daytime temperatures typically range from 12°C to 18°C (54°F to 64°F). Rainfall is more frequent during this season, though it is still relatively low compared to other parts of Europe.
  4. Spring (March to May): Spring brings milder temperatures and increasing sunshine. It’s a great time for hiking, exploring the countryside, and witnessing the islands’ lush vegetation in bloom.

Surrounding Seas:

Malta is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, which is divided into several subregions. To the north of Malta lies the Tyrrhenian Sea, while the Sicilian Channel separates Malta from Sicily, Italy, to the north and northeast.

The Mediterranean Sea has played a vital role in Malta’s history and continues to be a significant aspect of its geographical location. It has served as a highway for trade, communication, and cultural exchange for thousands of years.

Strategic Location:

One of Malta’s most notable geographical attributes is its strategic location in the Mediterranean. Its position in the center of the Mediterranean Sea has made it a historically significant crossroads for various civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Normans, Knights of St. John, French, and British, among others.

Malta’s strategic value as a natural harbor and a midpoint between Europe and Africa has led to its historical importance as a naval and trading hub. During World War II, Malta played a crucial role as a British naval and air base, earning it the nickname “The Unsinkable Aircraft Carrier.”

Today, Malta’s strategic location continues to be of relevance, as it serves as a member state of the European Union (EU) and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Its proximity to North Africa and its maritime borders also make it a key player in regional and international efforts related to migration and security in the Mediterranean.

In conclusion, Malta’s geographical location, situated in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, has had a profound impact on its history, culture, and strategic significance. Its mild Mediterranean climate, natural harbors, and unique topography make it a popular destination for tourists, while its historical role as a crossroads of civilizations continues to shape its identity and international relations.