|State system||Presidential Republic|
|Head of State||Ibrahim Mohamed Solih|
|Head of government||Ibrahim Mohamed Solih|
|Currency name||Rufiyaa (Rupees)|
|Time shift||+ 4:00 a.m. (in summer + 3:00 a.m.)|
|Nominal GDP (billion USD)||9.8|
|Economic growth (%)||30|
The Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is an archipelago nation in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India. The Maldives consists of 26 atolls.
The largest ethnic group is the Dhivehin, i.e. Maldivians, originating from the historical region of the Maldive Islands. They share the same culture and speak the Dhivehi language.
The Maldives is one of the most geographically dispersed sovereign states in the world and the smallest Asian country, as well as one of the smallest Muslim-majority countries by area and with a population of approximately 540,000. Malé is the main and most populous city.
Maldives became a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). They are also a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement. The World Bank classifies the Maldives as an upper-middle-income economy. Fishing has historically been the dominant economic activity and remains by far the largest sector, followed by the fast-growing tourism industry. Tourism accounts for 28% of the GDP and more than 60% of the Maldives’ foreign exchange earnings. More than 90% of the government’s tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes.
Maldives is a presidential constitutional republic with extensive influence of the president as head of government and head of state. The president heads the executive branch and appoints the cabinet, which is approved by the People’s Majlis (Parliament).
Basic information about the territory
- System of governance and political tendencies in the country
- Foreign policy of the country
The system of governance and political tendencies in the country
Official name of the country: Republic of Maldives
Head of State and Government : Ibrahim Mohamed Solih (in office since November 17, 2018)
Composition of Government: Maldives is a presidential constitutional republic with extensive influence of the President as head of government and head of state. The president heads the executive branch and appoints the cabinet, which is approved by the People’s Majlis (Parliament). He leads the armed forces.
Members of the Government of the Maldives:
– Vice President: Faisal Naseem
– Interior Minister: Sheikh Imran Abdulla
– Foreign Minister: Abdulla Shahid
– Finance Minister: Ibrahim Ameer
– Minister of Education: Aishath Ali
– Minister of Higher Education: Ibrahim Hassan
– Minister of Youth and Sports: Ahmed Mahloof
– Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation: Aishath Nahula
– Minister of Health: Ahmed Naseem
– Minister of Family and Gender Affairs: Aishath Mohamed Didi
– Minister of Environment, Climate Change and Technology: Aminath Shauna
– Minister of Defense and National Security: Uza. Mariya Ahmed Didi
– Minister of Fisheries and Agriculture: Hussain Rasheed Hassan
– Minister for Tourism: Abdulla Mausoom
– Minister for Economic Development: Fayyaz Ismail
– Minister of Infrastructure and Housing: Mohamed Aslam
– Minister of Islamic Affairs: Ahmed Zahir
– Minister of Culture: Yumna Maumoon
Five political parties are currently represented in the Maldivian Parliament. The most powerful political party is the Maldivian Democratic Party, which holds 65 of the 87 seats in parliament. MDS is committed to the promotion of human rights and democracy. The President of the MDS is Mohamed Nasheed and the current President of the Maldives. The second strongest party is Jumhooree and the Maldives Progressive Party. The last parliamentary elections were held in 2019 and the next will be held in 2024. Check equzhou to learn more about Maldives political system.
In the ongoing conditions of the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, the Maldives continued the process of strengthening democracy, building the rule of law and reforming the judiciary. In 2021, on the basis of relaxed restrictive measures, foreign tourism, which is absolutely essential for the Maldivian economy, will restart. In 2021, the discussion about changing the presidential system to a parliamentary system continued, which divided the two most important political representatives of President Ibrahim Solih and the Speaker of the Parliament Mohamed Nasheed.
Foreign policy of the country
India is the most important foreign policy partner of the Maldives. There are frequent bilateral visits between the two states. The main topics include socio-economic development, livelihoods, protection of the environment and cultural heritage, empowerment of women and the welfare of children, and skill development. India is financing a number of projects in the Maldives. Indian grant-aided projects were launched and several MoUs were signed in 2021. Of particular importance was the signing of the Second Amendment Credit Line Agreement between the Government and the Export Import Bank of India (EXIM). Check recipesinthebox for Maldives defense and foreign policy.
Relations between the Maldives and China have been somewhat strained since the new administration came to power in November 2019. The previous president of the Maldives, Abudul Yameen, maintained close ties with China, which is implementing a number of major infrastructure projects in the Maldives. The Maldives is also interesting to China in terms of its geographical location in the Indian Ocean. In 2021, the seventh round of bilateral consultations between the two countries took place. The consultations consisted of discussions on topics such as cooperation in the fight against the coronavirus and further strengthening of diplomatic relations between the countries.
Number of inhabitants and population density:
About 540,000 people live in the Maldives. The population density is 1102 inhabitants/km2.
The company consists of Maldivians (98%) and Arabs (1%).
The official language is Dhivehi. The recognized languages are English and Arabic.
The main religion is Sunni Islam (98%).