Malaysia Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Malaysia Basic Information

Subchapters:

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Malaysia is an elected rotational federative constitutional monarchy that has its origins in the Malayan kingdoms. Malaysia achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaysia consists of thirteen states (both monarchies and republics) and three federated territories. The state establishment is very close to the British parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law (Anglo-American law). But there is a dual judiciary, Malaysian Muslims are subject to Sharia law. The King of Malaysia is elected by the nine hereditary monarchs of the member states on a rotating basis among themselves. He has a five-year term and his powers are largely ceremonial. Only one of these nine sultans, who are also the highest representatives of individual states for life, can become king. The king’s term of office is five years. On the 31 On 1 January 2019, the Sultan of Pahang Abdullah Ahmad Shah ascended the throne, having been elected by the Conference of Rulers during a special meeting at the Royal Palace in Kuala Lumpur on 24 January 2019. Sultan Abdullah Ahmad Shah is the 16th king of Malaysia since independence in 1957. According to an unwritten agreement, the monarchs on the royal throne in Malaysia rotate, with the order being known in advance. The constitution declares Malaysia a secular state, but highlights the dominant Islam as the “religion of the federation”. In the country, there is relative religious freedom and tolerance between individual religious schools. Apostasy from Islam is a crime. The last regular election to the lower house of parliament was held on 9 May 2018, with the Barisan Nasional (National Front) coalition failing to win for the first time since Malaysia’s independence (1957). but the opposition Pakatan Harapan (Pact of Hope), headed by former Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad. However, on February 24, 2020, Dr. Mahathir unexpectedly resigned and on 1 March 2020 Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin of Bersat became the new Prime Minister of Malaysia. His government, relying on only a fragile majority in parliament, collapsed in August 2021 and was subsequently replaced by a reconstructed government led by Ismail Sabri Yaakob.┬áCheck equzhou to learn more about Malaysia political system.

Foreign policy of the country

Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia and the state consists of two main geographical units – the Malay Peninsula and the island of Borneo, which Malaysia shares with Indonesia. It is home to two member states of the Malaysian Federation: Sabah and Sarawak. Its geographical location “between India and China” is strategically advantageous, especially from the point of view of trade. The priority of Malaysia’s foreign policy is relations with the countries of ASEAN, of which the country has been a founding member since 1967. Relations with the USA, the EU, China, India, the Republic of Korea and Japan are also at the forefront of Malaysia’s foreign policy. Emphasis is placed on business cooperation. Malaysia’s foreign policy has long been consistent, pragmatic and serves the interests of the economy and trade. The declared starting points of Malaysia’s foreign policy are neutrality/moderation and an emphasis on creating external conditions for internal development. In addition to other international organizations and formats, Malaysia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). In 2015-2016, Malaysia served on the UN Security Council, and the Czech Republic supported its election.┬áCheck recipesinthebox for Malaysia defense and foreign policy.

Population

The population of Malaysia is 32.70 million (current count by the Department of Statistics Malaysia), of which 29.8 million are Malaysian nationals and million are foreign nationals. The population density is approximately 100 inhabitants per square kilometer. There are approx. 23 million people of working age (15-64 years), youth (under 15) number approx. 8 million, and the population over 65 makes up less than 7% of the total population. Thanks to ongoing urbanization, the share of the urban population has increased by 4% to 75.1% over the last 10 years. The number of households increased significantly to 8.2 million, but the average size of one household decreased to members. In the distribution of the population by gender, men predominate, with 110 for every 100 women. The dominant ethnic group is the Malays, whose population is the largest of the country’s total population (70%). Chinese are represented by 23% and Indians by 7%. Another part of the population is the indigenous population. concentrated mainly in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Borneo. In Sarawak, the dominant group is the indigenous Dayaks (Ibans, Bidajuhs and others). In Sabah, the Kadazan-Dusun and Bajau people form the largest group. In Peninsular Malaysia, the indigenous population is referred to as the Orang Asli. The collective name of the original ethnic Malay population is bumiputras, translated as sons of the earth. In the past, bumiputras were protected from other non-Malay ethnicities, leading to ethnic unrest. The effort was primarily to increase the share of bumiputras in the functioning of the country’s economy. To this day, the Malaysian constitution includes a law requiring the king to protect the bumiputras. which led to ethnic riots. The effort was primarily to increase the share of bumiputras in the functioning of the country’s economy. To this day, the Malaysian constitution includes a law requiring the king to protect the bumiputras. which led to ethnic riots. The effort was primarily to increase the share of bumiputras in the functioning of the country’s economy. To this day, the Malaysian constitution includes a law requiring the king to protect the bumiputras.