Macedonia Road Network

By | October 31, 2022

The highway network of North Macedonia.

According to wholevehicles, North Macedonia’s public road network covers 14,182 kilometers, including 294 kilometers of motorway, 911 kilometers of national roads, 3,771 kilometers of regional roads and 9,258 kilometers of local roads.

The main road network consists of A-roads, the avtopatishta which can also be motorways. North Macedonia is an important transit country to Greece, and that route has largely been developed as a highway. In addition, there is a highway from Skopje to Gostivar, and Skopje has a highway ring. The highway network is being upgraded, especially existing highways that are being renovated, as they often lack emergency lanes. The secondary road network consists of a few major roads, but due to the mountainous nature of the country and the low population density, the road network is not closed. The quality of the roads can vary greatly, the main roads are often fairly well developed with narrow emergency lanes and often as a three- lane road, but the quality of the road surface varies from road to road, although the main roads do have a reasonable surface. The road network is not busy, most roads do not handle more than 2,000 vehicles per day. Around Lake Ohrid it can be busier due to tourist traffic. Road safety such as guide railsare quite common in mountainous areas, including along local roads. Marking ranges from worn in cities to very clear on major roads. Some highways have to pay a toll, which is announced with signs in Macedonian, Albanian, English, French and German. The edge markings are often yellow, a relative exception in Europe. Not all highways have emergency lanes yet. In the cities ruts can occur, but roads full of holes are an exception on the main roads.

Highways and Main Roads in North Macedonia
• • •

European roads

European roads in North Macedonia
E65 • E75 • E852 • E871

Toll roads

Tolls are levied on motorways (avtopat) in North Macedonia. This is an open toll system where toll gates are occasionally passed through. These toll gates are not as large as, for example, in France or Italy, but are not necessary because of the low traffic volumes. Payment can only be made in cash and with credit cards. In 2011, the toll roads were privatized with a concessionaire, instead of the road manager of the Macedonian government. Tolls can only be paid in Macedonian denars (MKD). Before September 25, 2012, people temporarily accepted euros. Due to the exchange costs incurred by the concessionaire, that service has been discontinued. An optional electronic toll system was introduced in 2017. In 2019, electronic toll collection with a smart card was introduced.

Signage

The signage on the highways is green with white letters, on the secondary road network blue for the main roads and yellow for the lower road class. Almost all signs on the major roads are bilingual; Cyrillic and Latin script. Some signposts can be very old. Tourist targets are on brown signs. There are often fork signs along the highways, but portals are rare, usually they are hung on the viaduct of the intersecting road. Distance signs are common along highways and are in both Cyrillic and Latin script. Around Skopje the signage is also in French for unclear reasons, the Skopje ring road is called “Transit” and “Périphérique”. Pile boards are also common around Skopje. The road numbers are indicated with the Greek highway shield,Autobahn shields are based. The signage in cities is reasonable and is regularly integrated with traffic lights.

Road signs deviate from what is usually seen in Europe; instead of a white background, they have a yellow background. The implementation is often the same and the same as in the Netherlands.

Road numbering

In 1996 Macedonia abandoned the old Yugoslav numbering system and implemented its own M numbering system. This network consisted of 6 M roads connecting the largest cities in the country. In 2011, the road network was renumbered again[ and A numbers were introduced, this time from 4 A roads, although the network is larger in kilometers than the former M network. A numbers can also have taps. All highways are A-roads, but there are also a number of non-motorways with an A number. The prefix A therefore does not seem to explicitly stand for avtopat. Administratively, these roads have another suffix that indicates the status of the road.

  • Aa Snelweg (Highway)
  • Ab Expressweg (Brz Pat)
  • Am Magistrale weg (magistral pat)
  • An Niet-gebouwde weg (unbuilt road)

Speed ​​limits

The maximum speed is 50 km/h in built-up areas and 90 km/h outside of it. 110 km/h applies on motorways, 130 km/h on motorways.

Originally there were different speed limits in Macedonia, namely 60 km/h in built-up areas, which was a common speed limit in built-up areas throughout Eastern Europe, 80 km/h outside built-up areas, 100 km/h on motorways and 120 km /h on motorways. In around 2008, the maximum speed on these road types was increased by 10 km/h, but lowered by 10 km/h in built-up areas. Dim lights must be used day and night.

Macedonia Road Network