Luxembourg Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | November 30, 2022

Religion in Luxembourg

More than 95% of the believing population are adherents of the Roman Catholic Church.

Transport in Luxembourg

The fastest way to get to Luxembourg is by plane. The country has only one airport – Findel – it is located 5 km east of the capital. There are no direct trains to Luxembourg, the best option would be a trip from Moscow with a change in Belgian Liege, which will take about 40 hours on the way and will cost more than flying by plane. You can also get to Luxembourg from Moscow by bus with a transfer in Germany, travel time is about 2 days.

The best way to travel between cities is by bus. Railway network of Luxembourg connects only the main cities of the country. Inside the cities, the best means of transport is also the bus. In the capital of Luxembourg, tourists are offered a special Luxembourg Card ticket, which entitles them to free transport and free admission to museums and city attractions. Taxis are widely used in cities. They can be ordered by phone, taken on the street or at special parking lots near hotels.

In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license, a credit card, be over 21 years old and have a driving experience of at least 1 year.

Plant and Animal World in Luxembourg

One third of the country’s territory (the northern part and the north of the southern plains) is occupied by forests, mainly oak and beech. Larch and spruce also grow on the slopes of the Ardennes. The rest of the territory is occupied by fields and arable land.

Hares, roe deer, chamois, wild boars and squirrels live in the forests of Luxembourg. Of the birds, there are wood pigeons, jays, hazel grouses, wood grouses, buzzards and sometimes pheasants. Trout is found in local rivers.

Minerals in Luxembourg

There are iron ore deposits in the southern part of Luxembourg.

Banks in Luxembourg

Banks are open on weekdays from 9:00 to 16:00 with a lunch break from 12:00 to 14:00. On weekends, banks are open until 12:00. Most exchange offices are open throughout the week.

Money in Luxembourg

Since January 2002, the official currency of Luxembourg has been the euro. 1 euro is equal to 100 cents. In circulation are banknotes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros, as well as coins of 1 and 2 euros and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.

You can exchange foreign currency in banks and currency exchange offices located at banks, railway stations, hotels and airports. Banks offer better exchange rates.

Credit cards and traveler’s checks are accepted everywhere. Some stores only accept credit cards for purchases over €100.

Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD

Political State in Luxembourg

According to politicsezine, Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy where power is inherited. The head of state is the Grand Duke. Under the Duke, there is an advisory body – the Council of State, whose members hold their posts until the end of their lives. Executive power is exercised by the Duke and the Government headed by the Prime Minister. Legislative power is in the hands of the Chamber of Deputies, who are directly elected for a term of 5 years. The Duke may amend and amend laws passed by the Chamber of Deputies.

Population in Luxembourg

The locals of Luxembourg are the ancestors of the Celts, Franks and Germanic tribes. About 30% of the population are Germans, French, Italians and Portuguese.

The official languages in the country are French, German and Luxembourgish (this is one of the dialects of the German language with an admixture of French). English is spoken by the majority of the adult population of cities.

Cuisine in Luxembourg

The cuisine of Luxembourg is similar to the cuisines of its neighbors – French, Belgian and German.

Traditional dishes are smoked pork with beans; Ardennes ham; jellied milk pigs; blood sausage; veal liver dumplings with sauerkraut and boiled potatoes; calf brains; heart with cabbage; goose liver; pate; jellied pork ears; hare roast Luxembourgish; beef tongue with vegetables. Be sure to try the local cheese. In the summer, Luxembourg-style crayfish is cooked here, fried fish – pike, trout and perch are very tasty.

For dessert, pies with fruit filling, open pies with a variety of fillings, cookies, cakes, chocolates and sweets are usually served.

Of the alcoholic beverages, white wines from the Moselle River Valley are especially popular, the most famous varieties are dry Beaufort, Auxerrois and Elbling, table Rivaner, Wormeldang, Krechen, Kemich, An, Ennem, Maetum and Riesling, White and Gray Pinot, exotic Gewürtztramminer and Silvaner. It is also worth trying plum, apple, pear and blackcurrant liqueurs, blackcurrant wine and local beer.

Vianden (Luxembourg)

The city of Vianden is located in the northwest of Luxembourg. It is famous for the fact that Victor Hugo lived in it. After restoration in 1948, a museum was opened in the writer’s house, which stores some of the things and books that belonged to Hugo.

A medieval castle rises above the city; it was built in the 11th-14th centuries. The castle is interesting because it stands at an altitude of 450 m, where tourists are delivered by the only lift in the country. Since the 15th century, it has been the residence of representatives of the Nassau dynasty.

Vianden (Luxembourg)