Lithuania Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | December 7, 2022

Religion in Lithuania

Lithuania is the last state in Europe to adopt Christianity. The official religion of Lithuania is Catholicism.

Transport in Lithuania

The best way to get from Russia to Lithuania is by plane. International airports are located in Kaunas, Vilnius and Palanga. You can also get to Lithuania by train, the travel time by train from Moscow to Vilnius will be about 13 hours.

Bus transport is well developed within the country. This is the most convenient mode of transport for traveling. Tickets can be purchased at the box office of the bus station, from the bus driver or ordered by phone. There are fixed-route taxis in all Lithuanian cities. Taxi drivers are metered and must be licensed.

In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license and a credit card.

Plant and Animal World in Lithuania

In Lithuania, forests cover 1.8 million hectares. Pine is widespread here, there are spruce, birch, alder, aspen, oak and ash. Squirrels, dormouse, hares, elk, deer, wolves, foxes, martens, roe deer, wild boars, raccoon dog, mink and badger, as well as about 290 species of birds are found in the forests. In the summer months, many storks can be found near the water.

Minerals in Lithuania

Among the natural resources in Lithuania, amber is mined on the sea coast, oil and natural gas in the western regions and on the Lithuanian shelf of the Baltic Sea, peat, building materials, granite, limestone, iron ore, clay, marble and rock salt.

Banks in Lithuania

Banks are open on weekdays from 9:00 to 17:00, on Saturday – until 13:00.

Money in Lithuania

The official currency of Lithuania is the Lithuanian litas. 1 Lithuanian litas is equal to 100 cents. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 litas and coins in denominations of 5, 2 and 1 litas, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cent.

Since 2002, the Lithuanian litas has been pegged to the euro, their ratio should remain unchanged until 2007, when it is planned to introduce the Euro in Lithuania. Currency is freely exchanged at banks, exchange offices (valiutos keitykla), which are located in many hotels, airports, railway and bus stations. It is not profitable to exchange Russian rubles for litas, so it is better to change dollars.

Rate: 10 Lithuanian Litas (LTL) = 3.04 USD

Political State in Lithuania

According to politicsezine, Lithuania is a democratic republic. The head of state is the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of five years. Executive power is exercised by the president and the government, which consists of the prime minister and ministers. The legislature is a unicameral parliament (Seim).

Population in Lithuania

Lithuanians make up more than 80% of the country’s population, Russians – about 9%, Poles – 7%, Belarusians – 2%, Ukrainians – 1%.

The official language of the country is Lithuanian. The Lithuanian language is divided into two main dialects: Aukštaitian and Samogitian. Modern Lithuanian is based on the Aukštaiti dialect. Many Lithuanians speak Russian well and can communicate in English and Polish.

Cuisine in Lithuania

Lithuanian cuisine is rich in vegetables, mushrooms and dairy products.

For starters, you will be offered all kinds of cabbage soup, borscht and soups – mushroom borscht with Lithuanian ears, sweet Lithuanian soup with prunes, tomato soup with stewed tomatoes in meat broth or cold Lithuanian kefir borscht.

The second is usually served with various potato dishes – potato sausages “Vederai” with cracklings and fried onions, potato pancakes “Zemaichiu blinai” with stewed minced meat with sour cream, potato pudding “Plokshtay-nis” with fried onions, potato zrazy “cepelinai” with pork rinds, baked potato sticks in sour cream sauce with “shvilpikai” lard, “potato grandmother with brisket” with onions fried in lard, as well as “Lithuanian stuffed potatoes” baked with minced mushrooms and breadcrumbs under sour cream sauce. As in any of the countries that have access to the Baltic, fish dishes are popular in Lithuania. A variety of cold and hot appetizers are prepared from fish, many different pies and pastry products, including the famous “virtiniai”, various fish platters and independent dishes like smoked eel or lightly salted pike. Be sure to try the dumplings with a variety of fillings.

Of the alcoholic beverages, tinctures, liquors, liqueurs, brandy and balms are popular with local residents. Local beer is known outside the country – it’s “Šventuris”, “Ragutis”, “Utiane” and “Tauras”.

Siauliai (Lithuania)

Siauliai is located in the north of Lithuania. Its name was first mentioned in German chronicles in connection with the Battle of Saul in 1236.

This is one of the cultural centers of the country. There are Šiauliai University, Šiauliai Drama Theatre, several museums, including the Museum of Bicycles, the Museum of Photography, the Museum of Radio and Television. During the Second World War, the city was almost completely destroyed and there are no historical monuments here. But their absence is made up for by numerous museums. The city is also decorated with 2 lakes and 16 parks.

11 km north of Siauliai is the famous Hill of Crosses – a place of pilgrimage for Catholics. The first crosses were erected here in 1863 in memory of the fallen rebels against the rule of the Russian Empire, now the number of crosses is already tens of thousands.

Siauliai (Lithuania)