Basic information about the territory
- System of governance and political tendencies in the country
- Foreign policy of the country
The system of governance and political tendencies in the country
The official name is the Kyrgyz Republic (the Constitution also allows the name Kyrgyzstan)
- in the Kyrgyz language: Kyrgyzstan Respublikasya;
- international designation of Kyrgyzstan in English: The Republic of Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan completed the transition to a presidential system of governance in 2021, which was reflected in early presidential elections in January 2021 and the election of President Sadyr Žaparov as the head of the country, followed by the adoption of a new Constitution in April 2021 and major legislative changes in several areas, and finally the confirmation of the results of parliamentary elections on 28/11/2021, in which the pro-presidential parties won. Thus, the process of transformation of the political system and the transition to a centralized form of governance was concluded. Check equzhou to learn more about Kyrgyzstan political system.
The composition of the government of Kyrgyzstan as of 10.5. 2022:
- Akylbek Žaparov – Prime Minister
- Arzybek Kožošev – First Deputy Prime Minister;
- Edil Bajsalov – Deputy Prime Minister;
- Bakyt Torobayev – Deputy Prime Minister;
- Kamchybek Tashiyev – Deputy Prime Minister – Chairman of the State Committee for National Security;
- Baktybek Bekbolotov – Minister of Defense;
- Ženbek Kulubayev – Minister of Foreign Affairs;
- Ajaz Baetov – Minister of Justice;
- Ulan Nijazbekov – Minister of the Interior;
- Alymkadyr Beyshenaliyev – Minister of Health;
- Almazbek Bejsenaliyev – Minister of Education and Science;
- Erkinbek Osoyev – Minister of Transport and Communications;
- Doskul Bekmurzayev – Minister of Energy;
- Askarbek Dzhanybekov – Minister of Agriculture;
- Boobek Ažikeev – Minister for Emergency Situations;
- Azamat Žamankulov – Minister of Culture, Information, Physical Education and Youth Policy;
- Dinara Kutmanova – Minister for Natural Resources, Ecology and Technical Supervision;
- Almaz Baketayev – Minister of Finance;
- Daniyar Amangeldiyev – Minister of Economy and Trade;
- Takantbek Imanov – Minister of Digital Resources;
- Kudajbergen Bazarbayev – Minister of Labour, Social Security and Migration;
Foreign policy of the country
According to the President of Kyrgyzstan, Sadyr Žaparov, the priorities in the country’s foreign policy are ensuring territorial integrity, security, socio-economic development and protection of citizens’ rights. Kyrgyzstan maintains correct relations with other countries of the Eurasian Economic Union, i.e. Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus and Armenia. It takes a neutral position on the issue of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Relations with neighboring China are important, especially in the economic field. Check recipesinthebox for Kyrgyzstan defense and foreign policy.
An important element in foreign policy is the Turkish element, especially in relation to Turkey. In the last year, Kyrgyzstan has also increased attention in relation to its southern borders, especially in connection with developments in Afghanistan.
Efforts are being made to intensively develop relations with the EU, the first EU-Central Asia Economic Forum took place in November 2021. It is also active in international organizations, where it strives to increase international prestige and obtain international financial assistance.
Kyrgyzstan’s relations with Uzbekistan are characterized by a certain tension due to the large Uzbek minority, relations with Tajikistan are strained with regard to the border dispute.
In 2021, the population of Kyrgyzstan reached 6.636 million inhabitants, the population density is 32 inhabitants per km2. The share of economically active population is 56.2%, children under 15 years 32.6% and over 65 years of age are 4.7% of the population. About 34% of the population lives in cities, 66% in the countryside. 1,053,000 people live in the capital, Bishkek. resident.
National composition of the population of Kyrgyzstan:
- 73.7% Kyrgyz;
- 14.8% Uzbeks;
- 5.1% Russians;
- 1.1% Dungani;
- 0.9% Uighurs;
- 0.9% Tajiks;
- 0.89% Turks;
- 0.55% Kazakhs;
- 0.4% Tatars;
- 0.3% Azerbaijanis;
- 0.26% Koreans;
- 0.14% Ukrainians;
- 0.1% Germans,
- others 0.7%
Official sources state that more than 80 ethnic groups live in Kyrgyzstan.
- Islam 88%,
- Orthodox 11.5%,
- the other 3%.
The state language is Kyrgyz, the official language is Russian. The languages are listed as equal. The other most commonly used languages include the Uzbek language and Farsi in the south.