Kosovo Road Network

By | October 31, 2022

According to wholevehicles, Kosovo’s road network is underdeveloped, and there are no major international routes through the country. The main roads run from Priština to Skopje and Kukës in Albania. Little by little, new roads are being built, especially around Priština. A priority of the Kosovar government was a highway to Albania, which was built between 2009 and 2013. This was Kosovo’s first highway. Connections to Serbia or Montenegro have less priority, but the road to Skopje is an important main route, since 2019 there has also been a highway up to the border with North Macedonia. A highway to the Serbian border has always been seen as important, but given the current political relations between the two countries, it is unrealistic. The main roads are passable, with new asphalt, but work involving diversions over unpaved parallel roads does occur.

2×2 roads exist in the Priština area, some roads will be partially grade separated or widened to 2×2 lanes, such as the N2 and N9.

About 215,000 vehicles have been registered in Kosovo, but the actual number of vehicles is higher, because many vehicles are registered abroad, because Kosovo license plates did not allow entry into Serbia.

National and regional roads are managed by the Ministry of Transport.

European roads

Kosovo has inherited Serbia’s E-roads. It is unclear whether Kosovo has also signed the AGR treaty.

European roads in Kosovo
E65 • E80 • E851

Signage

The signage is moderate to non-existent outside the main roads. There are just signposts on the main roads. The signage consists of blue signs with white letters. A mix of types is used, including the German type and older Yugoslav types. Goals are often indicated bilingually; Albanian and Serbian, around Prizren there is also Turkish so that there are trilingual signs. Country codes are used on the newer signposts to indicate a foreign target. The newer signage can be called modern. E numbers are displayed on a blue background.

Road numbering

Kosovo has introduced N numbers for the main roads from 2015, which replaced the old Yugoslav road numbering system. The prefix “N” stands for rrugë nacionale in Albanian or nacionalni put in Serbian. The road numbering itself is still based on the old Yugoslav system, so it was more about a change of prefix than a real renumbering. Road numbers are not always well marked. In addition, there are three-digit R numbers for rruga regjiionale.

Kosovo’s motorways are numbered with the prefix “R”, the numbering is based on an international system of connections in the Western Balkans administratively developed by the South East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO). The R6a, R6b and R7 run through Kosovo. These connections are an addition to the TEN-T connections.

Borders

There are a limited number of border crossings, and checks with Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia are not said to be strict. The border with Serbia, however, is a different story, and is little used by Kosovars, since Kosovo is not seen as an independent country in Serbia, and one would therefore have entered Serbia illegally, unless one has Serbian registration plates. Previously, people could not enter Serbia with Kosovar passports. International traffic therefore mostly uses the border crossing towards Skopje, and Albanian traffic uses the one at Morinë with Albania. In recent years, border controls between Kosovo and Serbia seem to have eased somewhat.

Toll

There are no toll roads in Kosovo yet. However, an ecotax is mandatory for all registered vehicles in Kosovo, and for foreign vehicles crossing the border into Kosovo. A law was introduced to this effect in 2012. The tax is €40 per year for light vehicles and €90 per year for heavy vehicles (>3.5 tons). Foreign vehicles have to pay an ecotax of €10 for light vehicles and €30 for heavy vehicles. You will then receive a certificate that must be affixed to the windscreen. Motorcycles are exempt.

Kosovo Road Network