Kiribati Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Kiribati is one of the Commonwealth of Nations and its political system is based on the Westminster model. Political parties have no official base or structure. Most of the candidates appear as independents. The elections are free and fair. Disputed results can be verified by a court. The unicameral parliament (Maneaba) has 46 members – 44 elected MPs, 1 appointed MP for the Banabanese community on Rabi Island (Fiji) and the Attorney General. The election period is 4 years. After the parliamentary elections, 3-4 candidates will emerge from the members of the parliament for direct presidential elections. Traditionally, the President is also the Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration. The last parliamentary and presidential elections in Kiribati in 2016 resulted in a victory for the opposition, ending the 12-year rule of the BTK (Boutokan Te Koaua – Pillars of Truth) party. The opposition parties Karikirakean Te I-Kiribati Party and Maurin Kiribati Party formed a new opposition coalition called Tobwaan Kiribati Party – TKP after the parliamentary elections. Opposition parties Karikirakean Te I-Kiribati Party and Maurin Kiribati Party. Check diseaseslearning to learn more about Kiribati political system. Although the current ruling party BTK won the parliamentary elections, the candidate of the opposition coalition TKP Taneti Mamau won in the subsequent direct presidential elections. New President Taneti Mamau, who is also Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration, appointed a twelve-member government composed of newly elected MPs from the opposition TKP coalition. Although the current ruling party BTK won the parliamentary elections, the candidate of the opposition coalition TKP Taneti Mamau won in the subsequent direct presidential elections. New President Taneti Mamau, who is also Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration, appointed a twelve-member government composed of newly elected MPs from the opposition TKP coalition. Although the current ruling party BTK won the parliamentary elections, the candidate of the opposition coalition TKP Taneti Mamau won in the subsequent direct presidential elections. New President Taneti Mamau, who is also Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration, appointed a twelve-member government composed of newly elected MPs from the opposition TKP coalition. Check themotorcyclers for Kiribati defense and foreign policy.

Kiribati Basic Information

Official name of the state, composition of the government

State name:

  • Republic of Kiribati

Government:

  • Taneti Mamau – President, Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration
  • Kourabi Nenem – Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Networks
  • Tetabo Nakara – Minister of Fisheries
  • Tebao Awerika – Minister of Environment and Agriculture
  • Alexander Teabo – Minister of Education
  • Kobe Taitai – Minister of Health
  • Dr Teuea Toatu – Minister of Finance and Economic Development
  • Atarake Nataara – Minister of Home Affairs and Social Affairs
  • Ruateki Tekaiara – Minister of Labor and Human Resources
  • Tauanei Marea – Minister of Trade and Industry
  • David Collins – Minister for Women, Youth and Sport
  • Natan Teewe Brechtefeld – Minister of Justice
  • Willie Tokataake – Minister of Communications, Transport and Tourism Development
  • Mikarite Temari – Line and Phoenix Island Development Minister

The country has no armed forces except for the police, the judicial system is independent. It is made up of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the Circuit Courts. Each of the 22 inhabited islands has local administrative committees. They have very limited possibilities and financing (local taxes and allocations from the central government).

Demographic trends: Population, average annual increase, demographic composition (including nationalities, religious groups)

Demographic indicators:

  • Population: 118,414 – of which 58,007 are men and 60,407 are women
  • Population density: 146 inhabitants/km
  • Economically active population: 69,181
  • Annual growth rate: 1.73%
  • Birth rate: 21.3/1000
  • Infant mortality: 33.2/1000, overall 7.1/1000
  • Life expectancy at birth: 58 males/66 females

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 30.16%
  • 15-64 years: 65.71%
  • 65 and over: 4.13%

Ethnic composition:

  • Microborne 99.1%
  • Polynesians 0.9%

Religious composition:

  • Roman Catholics 55.8%
  • Protestants 35%
  • Mormons 4.7%
  • Baha’i 2.3%
  • Seventh Day Adventists 2%
  • other 1.5%