Jiangsu Province is famous for its ancient history, developed economy and culture. It ranks first among other provinces in China in terms of the number of cities of historical and cultural significance – these are Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, the ancient villages of Zhouzhuang and Tongli.
According to aceinland, Nanjing is the administrative center of Jiangsu. The city is closely connected with the memory of Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the Republic of China. Here is his mausoleum. Monuments of a much more ancient history have also been preserved in Nanjing: the ruins of the Imperial Palace of the Ming Dynasty, the city wall, the tomb of Emperor Hong Wu, which became the prototype of the tombs of emperors in the vicinity of Beijing, Buddhist Temple of the Valley of Spirits, Fujimiao Ancient Street.
The pearl of Jiangsu is Suzhou – the city of gardens. The most famous gardens are Zhozhengyuan (Garden of the Modest Official) and Liuyuan (Garden of Slowness), which consists of four parts of different styles. The oldest garden in the city is the Blue Waves Pavilion, which is made up of heaps of rocks, thickets of green bamboo, and artificial hills. 9 Suzhou Gardens have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and there are about 100 in total.
Yangzhou (Yangzhou) is located at the confluence of the Yangtze and the Grand Canal. Its main attractions are Lean Lake, Geyuan Gardens with an artificial rock and Pangu. During their frequent visits to Yangzhou, the Kangxi and Qianlong emperors left many memorable places, so local travel agencies created the Qianlong Emperor Cruise tour, which passes through a number of local attractions associated with this emperor. In the city, it is also worth visiting the Daming Temple, the museum in the Tianning Temple, the memorial hall of the monk Jianzhen.
Zhenjiang (Zhenjiang) with three thousand years of history and mountain scenery is of great interest to visit. The city also stands on the Yangtze. Mount Jinshan (“Golden Mountain”) rises in the northwestern part of Zhenjiang. Its picturesque landscapes have long attracted tourists. The temple on the mountain was built during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Its buildings are decorated with cinnabar and azure, which gives it a unique look. During his inspection of the south, the Qing emperor Kangxi left a handwritten inscription here: “Temple of the Chan school on the river in the Celestial Empire.”
Mount Jiaoshan, covered with greenery, rises in the middle of the river. It has been called “floating jasper” since ancient times. On the mountain stands the ancient temple of Dinghoisa, buried in cypresses, built in the Eastern Han era. Of the cultural monuments, it is worth paying attention to the 33 m high bronze statue of Laozi in the Maoshan scenic area and the two-tiered Fuzhonglou tower of the Eastern Jin Dynasty era. In the western part of the city there is a crossing over the Yangtze Xijingdu. The great traveler Marco Polo came to Zhenjiang through this crossing. To the north of the city rise the Beigushan Mountains, the steep slopes of which approach the river itself. On one of their peaks is the ancient temple of Ganlusy of the Three Kingdoms period. The ancient village of Zhouzhuang is located 30 km south of Suzhou. In everything In China, it is known for its labyrinthine canals, Qing and Ming buildings, and local customs. The history of the village is about 900 years old. On an area of 0.4 km 2 there are about 100 ancient classical courtyards, more than 60 arches of brick carving and 14 ancient bridges. The bridges are the most diverse, but the most typical are the twin bridges of Shuangqiao. These strong, stone, simple bridges were built during the Ming Dynasty. They consist of one arched stone span and one wooden beam. Architecturally unique is the “two-aisle bridge” thrown over two channels. The streets are rivers, the passages are connected by bridges, and the houses are built along the rivers. Zhouzhuang is especially interesting to visit during the boat races and the Lantern Festival.
20 km from Suzhou is another ancient village – Tongli, which is considered one of the best preserved “villages on the water.” It is crossed by 15 rivers, it has a length of 6 km and consists of 7 sections connected by 49 bridges. Many buildings in the style of Ming and Qing architecture have been preserved in Tongli, for example, the residential ensembles of Chunbentang and Jiayingtang, Tuisiyuan Park. Inside the premises, you can see evidence of the occupations of their past owners: musical instruments, checkers, books. Outside the premises, artificial slides, gazebos, galleries, towers appear everywhere, many of which are built near the water itself. changshu town(Changhu) is the cradle of Us culture. The local nature is very picturesque, ancient monuments are richly represented. It is worth visiting the Yushan National Forest Park, the Shanhu Lake Landscape Area, the Baoyan Ecological Park, the Changshu-born Wentonghe Museum, the tomb of Yanzi, the Xingfu Monastery, the reed beds on the banks of the lakes, in which the partisans of the anti-Japanese war took refuge.
The Qinhuai River is an important waterway in the province and is also a very scenic area rich in cultural attractions. On one of its banks stands the temple of Confucius, in which the great thinker prayed. The temple is surrounded by buildings from the Qing and Ming dynasties and forms a tourist, cultural and commercial street with them. Night cruises are organized along the river with a visit to the temple of Confucius.