Italy Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | December 28, 2022

Religion in Italy

The predominant religion in Italy is Catholicism, practiced by approximately 98% of the population.

The center of the Catholic world is the city-state of the Vatican (it houses the residence of Pope John Paul II). It is located within the boundaries of the Italian capital of Rome, on the hill “Monte Vaticano”. The Vatican was formed as an independent state in 1929 in accordance with the Lateran Accords between the Italian government and the Pope.

Italy is a country in which the Catholic Church is very strong, and this is not surprising: from 1929 to November 26, 1976, Catholicism was considered the state religion of Italy.

In Italy, at present, the church is officially separated from the state, and regulates its relations with the state through special agreements and laws, in particular the “New Concordat” of 1984. The Italian constitution divides all religions into two categories: Catholic, with which the state enters into a Concordat, and non-Catholic religions.

Plant and Animal World in Italy

Only in the Alps are concentrated large tracts of conifers – fir, pine and larch. In the rest of the territory, only small remnants of forests have survived, which once covered almost the entire territory of the country. Summer-green deciduous forests of oak, elm, poplar and willow in the Po basin have long been clear-cut to expand arable land. The same fate befell the drought-tolerant evergreen oak forests of the Mediterranean coastal plains. In some places, these forests have been preserved in the form of shrubs known as maquis, or makchia, but on limestone soils they have given way to Mediterranean heaths – gariga. In some of the higher and more humid areas of the Apennines, forest stands of oak, chestnut, beech and pine have survived in places. Many elevated areas have been used for reforestation,

There are few wild animals in the country. In the Apennines there are still a small number of bears and wolves, in the wilds of the forest there are foxes and wild boars. Roe deer and red deer are mostly confined to hunting reserves. Chamois live in the Alps, but are now very rare, and ibex live only in the Gran Paradiso National Park. Waterfowl are few in number due to uncontrolled shooting. In the waters washing the coast of Italy, sardines, tuna and anchovies are caught.

Minerals in Italy

Italy has a wide variety of minerals. But the deposits of many of them are small in terms of reserves, dispersed throughout the country, and often lie inconveniently for development. So, in 1982, the extraction of iron ore was completely stopped in the country, including on the island of Elba, where the Etruscans still mined iron.

Italy is much richer in lead-zinc ores with an admixture of silver and other metals. These deposits are located in Sardinia and the Eastern Alps. The region of Tuscany is rich in reserves of pyrites and mercury ore – cinnabar, in terms of which Italy ranks second in the world; antimony ores occur in the limestones of Sardinia. Sulfur deposits, known since ancient Rome, are concentrated mainly in the area of ​​Caltanissetta on the island of Sicily. The bowels of Italy are rich in a variety of building and finishing materials (marble, granite, tuff, etc.). Marble is quarried in a number of places, but especially in the Carrara area. In terms of reserves of other types of raw materials, the territory of Italy is poor. Anthracite is found in small quantities in the Valle d’Aosta region, colloidal lignites in Tuscany, peat and peaty lignites. There are small deposits of manganese in Central Italy and Liguria. Bauxites, long mined from the karst depressions of Puglia, are now almost exhausted. On the island of Sicily there are reserves of potash and rock salt, asphalt, bitumen.

In the postwar years, quite significant (for Italy) oil resources were discovered – in the Padana lowland, in the Alpine foothills, and also on the island of Sicily. These are supplemented by bituminous shales, on the island of Sicily in the Ragusa region, near San Valentino in the Abruzzo e Molise region, and also in the Frosinone region (Lazio). In Sardinia, in Tuscany, Umbria there are small deposits of brown and low-quality coal.

Political State in Italy

According to politicsezine, Italy is a parliamentary republic (acts on the basis of the 1948 constitution), headed by the president. The President of Italy is elected at a joint session by both houses of Parliament and regional representatives for a term of 7 years. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Italy and approved by Parliament.

The Cabinet of Ministers is presented by the Prime Minister of Italy and approved by the President. The Italian Parliament is elected for 5 years and consists of two chambers. The right to vote in Italy is valid from the age of 18, except for presidential elections in the Senate, where the right to vote comes from the age of 25. Administratively, the territory of Italy is divided into 20 regions-provinces, which are divided into 101 provinces, and those, in turn, consist of 8085 communes.

Population in Italy

The population of Italy (estimated in 1998) is about 58 million people, of which 94% are Italians, the rest are Germans, Slovenes, Albanians, Greeks, French.

The official language is Italian. English, French and German are understood in almost all tourism-related business. The Russian language is understood by some souvenir merchants.

Population in Italy