Italian Somalia Transportation

By | December 15, 2021

The maritime communications of the colony with Italy are ensured by a shipping company, with regular services. No point of the very long coast has inlets suitable for easy landing, and especially during the summer monsoon the open bays of the ocean coast are often inaccessible: a cliff sometimes at the surface of the water, sometimes emerging in islets, borders at a distance of some the beach is hundreds of meters away, but the resulting channel is shallow and subject to silting up. Forane works were started in Brava and Mogadishu. In addition to these two and Merca, in southern Somalia, other ports of call are in northern Somalia on the Gulf of Aden, Bender Cassim and Alula; on the Indian Ocean Hafun and other minor ones such as Bender Beila, Bedei, Illig, Obbia, suitable for indigenous boats; in the Oltregiuba, Chisimaio, whose beautiful bay, naturally protected, could be adapted as a port, and Burgao (Porto Durnford). The coast is very well lit: in addition to the lighthouses of some of the aforementioned airports and of the minor ones of Mereg, Itala and Uarscèc, there are the two, very important also for international navigation, of Capo Guardafui (Faro F. Crispi, of about 30 miles) and Ras Hafun (about 18 miles) .

The total traffic of Somalia in 1931 was of 443 steamships and 780 sailing ships arriving, and about as many departing, flying the Italian, English and Arab flags, with a total gross tonnage of 1,174,317 tons, 5201 passengers and 34,980 tons. of goods landed, 5266 passengers and 103,332 tons. of goods loaded. For Somalia 1999, please check estatelearning.com.

Internal communications are made up only to a modest extent by the navigation of the two rivers, as the steamboats can go up both the Giuba from Gobuen to Bardera, and the Uebi Scebeli from Afgoi to the Duca degli Abruzzi Village. A railway section connects Mogadishu with Afgoi-Adalei and Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi (113 km.). A vast network of rolling stock, only a small part with artificial ground, connects the various centers with Mogadishu: a large 220 km long artery. branches off from Bender Cassim on the Gulf of Aden and, having crossed the Darror in El Donfar, climbs to the Sol plateau, through Gardò it descends to Singif in the Nogal, from here through Gherroè it passes into central Somalia, touches Rocca Littorio (Galcaiu) and Sinadogò and Ferfèr descends to Belet Uen on the Uebi Scebeli; then follows the river to Afgoi, Audegle, Brava, Gelib sul Giuba, Chisimaio, and for Afmedò it reaches the Kenyan border at Diff. From Ferfèr another trunk of about 600 km branches off. that for El Goràn, Jet, Dolo and Malca Ri, El Uac also touches the Kenyan border. A transversal trunk (km. 565) goes from Mogadishu to Dolo for Afgoi, the Dafèt, the Baidoa and Lugh. A major Dolo-Addis Ababa road is being planned. To these main trunks numerous other minor trunks are grafted, to reach all the main localities. The Giuba has ferries to Dolo, Lugh, Alessandra, Gobuen; the Uebi is crossed by bridges at Avai, Audegle, Afgoi, Balàd and Mahaddei; in Bulo Burti and Mustahìl there are ferries. The indigenous trade still takes place partly on caravans, with caravans of camels. to reach all the main locations. The Giuba has ferries to Dolo, Lugh, Alessandra, Gobuen; the Uebi is crossed by bridges at Avai, Audegle, Afgoi, Balàd and Mahaddei; in Bulo Burti and Mustahìl there are ferries. The indigenous trade still takes place partly on caravans, with caravans of camels. to reach all the main locations. The Giuba has ferries to Dolo, Lugh, Alessandra, Gobuen; the Uebi is crossed by bridges at Avai, Audegle, Afgoi, Balàd and Mahaddei; in Bulo Burti and Mustahìl there are ferries. The indigenous trade still takes place partly on caravans, with caravans of camels.

Somalia has had a radiotelegraphic network since 1910, which has gradually improved: today it has 22 stations, and is the first example of radiocommunications replacing the telegraph with wires in a whole country (telegraph wires have a length of 30 km. only). For it Somalia communicates with Italy and the Far East, and Mogadishu constitutes one of the 34 world stations (of which only 3 are African) assigned to time signals.

Italian Somalia Transportation