Italian Somalia Territory

By | December 15, 2021

Italian Somalia is a government (from 1 June 1936 it is officially called the Government of Somalia) of Italian East Africa, formerly an autonomous colony located in the eastern part of the Somali Peninsula on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, and limited by British Somalia, by governments of Harar and the Galla and Sidama and from the English colony of Kenya. The coast pertaining to the colony runs from the Somaliland border at Bender Ziade towards OSO.-ENE. up to Alula, on the Gulf of Aden; here it curves rapidly as far as Cape Guardafui, where it assumes a NNE.-SSW direction over the Indian Ocean, which it maintains as far as Ras Chiambone at Dicks Head, on the Kenyan border. Overall, the coastal development is approximately 2350 km. The government area is 702,000 sq km; the ancient colony included about 600,000.

The borders. – The boundaries do not correspond to any natural dividing line. They are marked, with respect to British Somalia: by the Anglo-Ethiopian agreement of 4 June 1897, for the region between the crossing point with the Italian-French border south of Djibouti and Migiurtinia, by the Italian-British Protocol of May 5, 1894 for the section between the intersection of the 47th meridian E. and the 8th parallel N. and the Gulf of Aden. This second part of the border was delimited on the ground and the delimitation was concluded with the Italo-British agreement (Cerulli-Stafford) of the iJune 1931. The border detaches from the Gulf of Aden to the West of Bender Ziade and from here turns to the SE. until reaching the 49th meridian; from that point it follows the 49th meridian to its intersection with the 9th parallel at Las Uaruar, leaving ‛Ēl Ḍonfar and Gardò (Qarḍow) to the east. From Las Uaruar it runs south to the intersection of the 48th meridian with the 8th parallel, then follows this to the intersection of the 47th. For Somalia 2005, please check ehealthfacts.org.

The borders between Italian Somalia and Ethiopia had been indicated in their outline in the 1908 convention, which in turn, for the section between the English border and Uebi Shebeli, left the territory of the Ogadēn dependent on Abyssinia and the territory of the tribes towards the coast (Migiurtini, Habar Ghidir, etc.) to Italy. The border point on the Uebi Scebeli was on the border between the Baddi Addo tribe, which remained in Italian territory, and those upstream that remained in Ethiopia. On the Juba the border point was at Dolo, at the confluence of the Daua with the Ganale; and between the Uebi Scebeli and Dolo the border left the Rahanuin in Italian territory, the Di Godia, the Afgab and the Giagele dependent on the Abyssinians. This border, in a country largely inhabited by nomadic and semi-nomadic shepherds, it could only give rise to uncertainties and disputes; and in fact the Italo-Ethiopian mission sent in 1910 to establish it practically on the ground and commanded for the Italian side by Captain C. Citerni, having begun its works in Dolo, had to interrupt them after about 200 km., near Jet, due to difficulties insurgent; after that the border incidents and the Ethiopian encroachments did not fail to multiply, also because the nomadic tribes sought shelter in our territory against the abyssinian oppression. After the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, the border of Italian Somalia was moved further inland, thus being aggregated to the territory of the ancient colony Ogadēn and the lower and flatter part of Bale inhabited by Somalis. also because the nomadic tribes sought shelter in our territory against Abyssinian oppression. After the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, the border of Italian Somalia was moved further inland, thus being aggregated to the territory of the ancient colony Ogadēn and the lower and flatter part of Bale inhabited by Somalis. also because the nomadic tribes sought shelter in our territory against Abyssinian oppression. After the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, the border of Italian Somalia was moved further inland, thus being aggregated to the territory of the ancient colony Ogadēn and the lower and flatter part of Bale inhabited by Somalis.

Following the Italo-British treaty of 15 July 1924, with which the territory of Oltregiuba was acquired for Italy, the border of Italian Somalia with respect to the English colony of Kenya departs from the vicinity of Malca Ri on the Daua river, about 25 km. south of Dolo; from there it turns in a straight line to SW. up to the Damàs pond and from this, deviating slightly, to the El Gale pond, which is almost on the 41st meridian and remains in English territory, while El Sciamma (40 ° 59′44 ″) is in Italian territory. The border then follows the meridian of El Sciamma up to 0 ° 50 ′ lat. Somalia near Casce Gugurdè, whence it deviates to the SE., Right on Ras Chiambone, so as to include the five islets of Dicks Head, which are located in the SW. of this head. This boundary was subsequently delimited on the land.

Italian Somalia Territory