Israel Travel Facts

By | April 29, 2022

Based on map by DigoPaul, Israel is located in the Middle East and borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. In contrast to the neighboring countries, Israel is considered a very safe travel destination. A diverse cuisine, exciting culture, varied landscapes and friendly people usually surprise first-time travelers in a very positive way. Israel is a very exciting and worthwhile travel destination.

Capital City Jerusalem
Size Heartland 22,380 km², occupied areas 6,831 km²
Resident 8,955,300
Official Language Ivrit (Hebrew)
Currency New (Israeli) shekel
Time Zone UTC+2/+3
Telephone Area Code +972

Fast facts to know

  • A passport valid for six months after the trip is required for entry.
  • Security checks at the airport are very extensive, plan enough time.
  • Israel is considered a safe travel destination, but you should avoid proximity to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
  • Israel is the largest importer of cut flowers to Europe.
  • The Dead Sea is 420 meters below sea level and due to the high salt content it swims itself.
  • Jerusalem’s status as the capital is internationally disputed.
  • The city of Be’er Sheva is considered a chess stronghold. Measured against the number of inhabitants, most chess grandmasters in the world live here.
  • Albert Einstein is one of the co-founders of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  • Israel is an immigrant society.
  • In Israel there are more than 150 nature reserves and 65 national parks.
  • In an international comparison, Israel’s start-up scene is far ahead, only in Silicon Valley there are more start-ups in relation to the number of inhabitants.
  • The most important biblical places of the Christian faith can be found in Israel.

Exciting cities in Israel

  • Jerusalem
  • Bethlehem
  • Haifa
  • Tel Aviv
  • Nazareth
  • Eilat
  • acco

history of Israel

  • As early as 18,000 B.C. there were permanent settlers in what is now Israel.
  • 11-12 Century first archaeologically proven traces of an early or proto-Israelite settlement in the region of Palestine.
  • 1,000 BC According to biblical tradition, Jerusalem is conquered by the Jebusites and chosen as their capital.
  • 165 BC The rebellion of the Maccabees brings Israel another 100 years of national independence.
  • 63 BC the period of Roman supremacy begins.
  • From 636 under Arab rule. Since that time, Palestine has been predominantly inhabited by Arabs.
  • 1099 to 1291 Crusaders rule what they call the “Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem”.
  • Mamluk rule from 1291 to 1517.
  • 1517 to 1918 Ottoman rule.
  • From 1800 beginning of the Zionist movement.
  • 1882 First mass immigration (Alija) of Jews to Palestine.
  • 1901 Establishment of the Jewish National Fund to promote Jewish settlements in Palestine for the first time.
  • 1905 failed Russian Revolution triggers second Aliyah.
  • World War I – important chapter in the founding of Israel: Britain is the first European state to recognize the Zionist goal of a Jewish state in Palestine.
  • In 1933, when the NSDAP came to power, the nationwide persecution of Jews began in Germany.
  • Incredibly cruel and extensive genocide of the Jews during World War II.
  • 1947 Israeli-Arab Civil War (Palestine War).
  • 1948 Foundation of the State of Israel with the following War of Independence.
  • In 1950 Israel declared Jerusalem its capital (Jerusalem is still not recognized as the capital of Israel by the United Nations and the majority of member states).
  • 1956 Suez Crisis.
  • 1967 Six Day War.
  • 1973 Yom Kippur War.
  • 1977 Beginning of the peace process.
  • 1982 Lebanon War.
  • 1987 First Intifada.
  • 2000 Second Intifada.
  • Israel is still at the center of the Middle East conflict.

Climate & travel weather in Israel

  • Transition from the Mediterranean climate to the desert climate.
  • North: Mediterranean (hot, dry summers, mild, wet winters).
  • More rain inland.
  • The further south, the less precipitation.
  • South: extremely high temperatures in summer, high humidity on the coast.
  • Winter uncomfortably cool, with heavy rain on the coast and frost in the highlands.
  • Recommended travel time:
    • March, April, May, September, October.
    • Beach holiday: June-August.

Ideas for trips in Israel

  • Masada Fortress, Judean Desert
  • Jerusalem:
    • Yad Vashem Memorial
    • Western Wall
    • Temple Mount
    • Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    • Bahai Gardens
  • Cruise on the Sea of ​​Galilee
  • Swimming in the Dead Sea
  • Underwater Observatory Marine Park

Food & Drink in Israel

  • Cuisine is an eclectic mix of immigrant cuisines from more than 80 countries.
  • There is no independent Israeli cuisine.
  • Holiday dishes are sumptuous and very delicious.
  • Breakfast is usually lavish. Fresh fruit, eggs, many types of cheese, olives, vegetable salads, humus, yoghurt, but also fish and rolls with jam are part of it.
  • For larger meals, mezze (varied and varied starters and appetizers) and bread are served.
  • Israelis select the dishes one after the other in order to be able to properly enjoy the individual taste of each delicacy.
  • Important types of bread contain only wheat, barley, millet and rye.
  • Typical breads: Mallawah (crispy fried, delicious calorie bombs), Lahuh (light pancakes) and Jahnoon (strudel-like batter with a high fat content).
  • Israeli dinners are usually light.
  • Fish is very popular, fish dishes are an integral part of every feast.
  • Fish is often grilled on charcoal and seasoned with garlic, lemon juice and paprika.
  • Israel’s fruits and vegetables are legendary, very popular: kiwis, mangoes, persimmons, loquats, passion fruit, cheromoya, papayas, dates, figs, pomegranates, strawberries.
  • Milk is an important part of many dishes.
  • No pork – not offered anywhere for religious reasons.
  • Typical spices: cumin, coriander, mint, garlic, onion, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, chillies.
  • There are delicious desserts.
  • Turkish mocha or tea flavored with fresh mint complete the meal.
  • Freshly squeezed citrus or carrot juice is also often used as a drink.
  • There are excellent local wines.
  • Typical dishes:
    • Felafel (hummus balls fried in floating fat, with salad in a bread bag).
    • Gefilte Fisch (Fish farce with many ingredients that is stuffed into a fish skin or formed into a fish shape)
    • Kebab (seasoned ground beef or mutton in the form of balls).
    • Mazzenknejdl (dumplings made of bread, milk and salt, breaded or unbreaded).
    • Mashi (stuffed eggplant).
    • Shakshuka (dish made from eggs with fresh tomatoes and spices).
    • Sharwarma (Roasted Mutton or Chicken, Salad, Pittah Bread).
    • Shulent (Eastern European bean stew with potatoes, fatty meat).
    • Knisches (dumplings filled with onions, potatoes, seasoned meat).
    • Humus (creamy mashed chickpeas, seasoned with lemon juice, garlic, cumin, tahini).
    • Konafa (pastries with honey syrup, almonds, nuts, pistachios).
    • Krupnik (soup stew made from pearl barley, beans, vegetables, meat).
    • Shishlik (roasted lamb or beef on a skewer).
    • Seniya (lamb or beef in tahini sauce).
    • Tabbouleh (salad made from crushed wheat, with parsley, mint and lemon juice).
    • Blintzes (sweet pancakes filled with cottage cheese).
    • Hamentashen (triangular cookies filled with jam, syrup or icing).

Particularly scenic

  • Caves and chalk cliffs of Rosh Hanikra
  • Red Canyon in Timna Park
  • Negev desert
  • Sorek Cave
  • Bell Caves in Maresha National Park
  • Banias Waterfall, Hermon River
  • The Red Sea, Eilat
  • Arava Depression
  • Avshalom Cave
  • Golan Heights

Israel Travel Facts