Religion in Ireland
92% of the believing population of Ireland are Catholics, 3% are Protestants, there are also small Jewish and Islamic communities.
Transport in Ireland
Ireland is located on an island, so the best way to get here is by plane. You can also get to Ireland by ferries that run regularly from the UK. Ireland
has a well-developed network of domestic airlines. The island has rail links between most cities, including cities in Northern Ireland. The trains here are modern and fast. You can also travel between cities by bus. On the west coast of the country there are many islands, which are served by ferries. The public transport system of cities is mainly represented by buses (it is better to buy tickets from the driver), and in the capital of Ireland
there is a high-speed rail service that covers a large part of Dublin and its suburbs.
In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license, a credit card, be over 21 years old and have a driving experience of more than 2 years.
Plant and Animal World in Ireland
Half of the territory of Ireland is covered by meadows and swamps, where clover, reeds, cotton grass and heather grow. In the mountains there are small tracts of oak and pine forests.
Of the animals in Ireland, deer, marten, hares, red fox, ermine, badger, hedgehogs are found. There are no snakes here at all, only lizards. Bird colonies can be seen on the islands.
Minerals in Ireland
Ireland produces natural gas, oil, zinc, lead, barytes, copper, gypsum, peat, and silver.
Banks in Ireland
Banks are open on weekdays from 10:00 to 16:00 with a lunch break from 12:30 to 13:30. Many banks are open longer on one of the days of the week, in Dublin it is Thursday.
Money in Ireland
Since the beginning of 2002, the official currency of Ireland has been the euro. 1 euro is equal to 100 cents. In circulation there are banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euros and coins of 2 and 1 euros and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.
You can exchange currency in banks, exchange offices, hotels and travel agencies, but the most favorable rate is offered in banks. Credit cards are widely used in the country. Traveler’s checks in US dollars, pounds sterling and euros are accepted at any bank, traveler’s checks in other currencies are exchanged with a fee.
Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD
Political State in in Ireland
According to politicsezine, Ireland is a republic. The head of state is the president, who is elected for a term of 7 years. Legislative power is exercised by a bicameral parliament. The head of government is the prime minister.
Population in Ireland
The indigenous people are the descendants of the Celts. There are also a small number of Anglo-Saxons living in the country.
The country has two official languages – Irish (Gaelic) and English. On January 1, 2007, Irish also became one of the official languages of the European Union. The Irish government has decided to make Irish the dominant language. It is studied in schools, it is spoken on radio and television, but only a tenth of the population knows it. In everyday life, most Irish people continue to speak English.
Cuisine in Ireland
The basis of Irish cuisine is meat dishes, mainly lamb, beef or pork steaks. Since ancient times people here have been accustomed to cooking meat on an open fire, the most popular meat dish prepared in this way is “stew” (stewed lamb brisket). Also worth a try are Irish lamb stew and dublin codel, a mixture of sliced sausages, bacon, potatoes and onions. From fish dishes, one can single out smoked salmon with a side dish of vegetables.
Potatoes are most often served as a side dish in Ireland, on the basis of which separate dishes were created – “colcannon” (casserole of stewed cabbage mixed with mashed potatoes) and “boxies” (potato pancakes made from grated potatoes, fried in a pan).
It is customary in Ireland to finish a meal with something strong, often with the addition of milk, or with the famous Irish coffee with liqueur. Ireland is famous for its alcoholic drinks – black porter, whiskey and Guinness beer.
The city of Birr is located in the central part of Ireland in County Offlay at the confluence of the Camkor and Lesser Brosna rivers. It was founded in 1620 and was a trading city. Birr’s main attraction is Birr Castle. It is the oldest residential building in Ireland. The castle belongs to the family of Rous, now the count from this family lives here with his family. In Birr Castle, in 1840, a telescope was assembled, which until 1917 was the largest in the world. Now it is on display at the Irish Historical Science Centre, located near the castle. There is an old inn in Emmet’s town square.. Here, starting from the 18th century, merchants rested, who carried goods across the country. Not far from the hotel stands a monument to Count Cumberland, known as the Bloody Count.