Iran Road Network

By | October 31, 2022

According to wholevehicles, Iran has a fairly well-developed road network, especially in and between major cities. The capital Tehran in particular has a large highway network, and there are also interurban highways in that region. There is no national highway network. Due to the desolation of large parts of the country, the road network is often thin, especially in the east. Major roads connect all cities and somewhat important places. Most larger cities have one or more highways. There is not much international traffic in Iran, but Iranian transport companies do transport goods to, for example, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Pakistan. Iran is an important trading partner for Armenia, although there are no direct roads to it.

Expressways and Freeways in Iran
Tehran Urban ExpresswaysAbshenasan Expressway • Ahang Expressway • Allameh Jafari Expressway • Ashrafi Esfahani Expressway • Kashani Expressway • Azadegan Expressway • Babayi Expressway • Bagheri Expressway • Bakeri Expressway • Basij Expressway • Behesht-e-Zahra Expressway • Besat Expressway • Chamran Expressway • Doran Expressway • Fath • Hakim Expressway • Hamedani Expressway • Hemmat Expressway •Imam Ali Expressway • Jalal-e-Ale Ahmad Expressway • Javaneh Expressway • Kazemi Expressway • Kordestan Expressway • Mahallati Expressway • Modares Expressway • Jenah Expressway • Najafi Rastegar Expressway • Navvab Expressway • Niayesh Expressway • Northern Behesht-e-Zahra Expressway • Qale Morghi Expressway • Resalat Expressway • Sadr Expressway • Saidi Expressway • Sayyad Expressway •Shahid Bakeri Expressway • Shadid Sattari Expressway • Shahid Haghani Expressway • Nouri Expressway • Tondguyan Expressway • Yadegar-e-Emam Expressway • Yasini Expressway • Zeinoddin Expressway

Freeways

Freeway 1 • Freeway 2 • Freeway 5 • Freeway 7 • Freeway 9 • Freeway 16 • Qom – Garmsar Freeway • Saveh – Hamadan Freeway • Tehran – Pardis Freeway • Tehran North Freeway • Ghadir Freeway

Highways in Iran
11 • 12 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 26 • 27 • 31 • 32 • 33 • 35 • 36 • 37 • 38 • 39 • 41 • 43 • 44 • 45 • 46 • 47• 48 • 49 • 51 • 52 • 53 • 55 • 56 • 58 • 59 • 62 • 63 • 64 • 65 • 67 • 68 • 71 • 72 • 73 • 77 • 78 • 79 • 81 • 82 • 83 • 84 • 86 • 87 •88 • 91 • 92 • 93 • 94 • 95 • 96 • 97 • 98 • 99

Road numbering

Road number of a Freeway.

Iran’s main road network is numbered in a grid, with even numbers running east-west and odd numbers running north-south. This system rises to the east and south. Highways have a different numbering system, the number of rural highways is in any case very limited. In the past, urban highways usually did not have a number, but a name, which is also reflected in the signage. However, in 2019 Tehran introduced a network of signposted ‘Urban Routes’.

Asian Highways

Asian Highways in Iran
AH1 • AH2 • AH8 • AH70 • AH71 • AH72 • AH75 • AH78 • AH81 • AH82 • AH88

Signage

Iran uses blue signposts or Freeways, and green ones on Expressways and other major roads, although many Expressways are in fact highways. The signage is fairly well developed, and is indicated in both Farsi and English, although there are frequent spelling mistakes in English. The expressway and freeway symbols also appear on the signage. Fork plates are used, which are extra large due to the bilingual nature. The font used is the Highway Gothic font, also called Interstate, and is common in many countries, including the United States and the Netherlands. Arrows are often open. Portal signs don’t necessarily indicate the correct amount of lanes, but are more of an indication of the straight ahead targets.

Road numbers are indicated in both Farsi and Latin numerals.

Freeway 7. The S and N indicate cardinal directions (South and North).

Road number of a Highway.

Road marking

Iran uses yellow marking for side markings and to separate driving directions. Lanes that run in the same direction are separated by white markings. In some urban areas, markings tend to wear off. In terms of color, the road markings are not always consistent.

Beacon

Guardrails are regularly used on major roads and, like curbs, are often painted in a black and white pattern with reflective paint. In Iran, blue and white reflector poles are used, with orange reflectors, which are otherwise similar to those in Germany, except for the colours. Black and white reflectors also occur.

Road signs

Iran is a member of the Vienna Convention and uses the same road signs as is common in Europe.

Iran Road Network