Interstate 76 in New Jersey
Interstate 76 or I -76 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway forms a short route in Camden, a suburb of Philadelphia. I-76 is 3 miles long in New Jersey.
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The Walt Whitman Bridge over the Delaware River.
The terminus of I-76 in New Jersey.
The Walt Whitman Bridge spans the Delaware River, which is the border between Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Interstate 76 in Pennsylvania comes from the large city of Philadelphia and is located in the New Jersey suburb of Camden. The Walt Whitman Bridge has 7 lanes of traffic with a movable barrier. Immediately after the bridge, Interstate 676 from downtown Philadelphia ends at I-76. After this, I-76 has 2×5 lanes and ends at the suburb Bellmawr at an interchange with Interstate 295. State Route 42 then continues as a highway through the outer suburbs and towards Atlantic City.
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Traffic between Pennsylvania and New Jersey originally passed over the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, opened in 1926, which later became part of Interstate 676. In 1932, the Regional Planning Federation proposed a network of parkways around Philadelphia, modeled on New York City. One of the planned parkways would run south from the Benjamin Franklin Parkway through Camden and on to Atlantic City from there. However, without a strong leader like Robert Moses in New York, this plan did not get off the ground before World War II.
In the late 1940s, plans were made for a north-south expressway to connect the Benjamin Franklin in Camden with destinations in southern New Jersey. In the 1950s, plans were made for more expressways around Philadelphia, part of this plan being a bypass of the city that would cross the Delaware River further south. This became the Walt Whitman Bridge, which opened on May 16, 1957. At the same time, the road further south to Bellmawr also opened, so in fact the highway was completed in one go.
It was decided to make the new road to the Walt Whitman Bridge an Interstate Highway. In the period 1958-1964, various road numbers have been assigned or planned to the route, such as I-280, I-395 and I-380 and I-680. In 1973 the number definitively became I-76.
The opened I-76 in 1957 had a makeshift character. In 1960, the section between the interchange with I-676 and I-295 was widened to 2×5 lanes. From the 1980s this was divided into 2 express lanes and 3 local lanes. A barrier separated the two traffic flows. At the end of the 1990s, the barrier was removed and the highway was converted into a single carriageway with 5 lanes in each direction, plus partly weaving lanes.
The terminus of I-76 was always a bottleneck, the highway ends at two interchanges with I-295 but is also an extension of State Route 42. Between 2011 and 2018 the interchange was reconstructed whereby almost all structures have been replaced and in particular the traffic flows through I-295 were better designed.
120,000 vehicles cross the Walt Whitman Bridge daily, rising to 143,000 vehicles per day on the 2×5 lanes between I-676 and I-295.
Interstate 276 in Pennsylvania
|Get started||King of Prussia|
Interstate 276 or I -276 is an Interstate Highway in the US states of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Most of the highway is in Pennsylvania, in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. The highway is a turnpike, the Pennsylvania Turnpike, which continues on Interstate 76 toward Pittsburgh. In New Jersey, the highway connects to the New Jersey Turnpike. The highway is 61 kilometers long.
The starting point of I-276 at King of Prussia.
I-276 at Willow Grove.
At the suburb of King of Prussia, Interstate 76 turns south as the Schuylkill Expressway, while the Pennsylvania Turnpike toll road continues straight on as Interstate 276. The toll road has 2×3 lanes here, but has few exits. There is no alternative for commuter traffic in the form of a parallel highway, so I-276 is primarily intended for through traffic towards New York. At the suburb of Plymouth Meeting, a complex interchange quickly follows with Interstate 476, which runs south to the suburb of Chester and north to the city of Scranton in northern Pennsylvania. The Turnpike then continues through the wooded suburbs north ofphiladelphia. Most suburbs are small, usually having fewer than 20,000 inhabitants. However, together they form a large, yet sparsely built-up urban area.
The highway has only 4 exits in Pennsylvania. One crosses the US 1, which runs from Philadelphia to New York. One also crosses the Interstate 95, but there are no interchanges for this. The Delaware River – Turnpike Toll Bridge, a 2×2 lane bridge, crosses the Delaware River and enters the state of New Jersey. The highway then continues for a few more miles until the New Jersey Turnpike, where traffic heading north must turn north for New York.
In 1947, a series of extensions to the pre-existing Pennsylvania Turnpike were proposed, including a connection to the New Jersey Turnpike. In 1954 a number of phases opened, totaling up to US 13 in Levittown. On May 23, 1956, the bridge opened over the Delaware River, completing I-276 to the New Jersey Turnpike.
In 2014, construction began on an interchange between I-95 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276) in Bristol. This will ensure that I-95 will continue to operate from Maine to Florida, as I-95 originally dead-end in Trenton on I-295 heading south again. The construction of the junction took no less than 8 years, although few buildings need to be demolished. The first phase of the project opened on September 24, 2018 , finally establishing I-95 as a through route through the region. The cost was $650 million. Even before the project was completed, I-95 was rerouted through the south side of Trenton. The old route along the west side of Trenton has been renumbered I-295.
I-276 is a toll road, part of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. As of January 3, 2016, the toll on the bridge over the Delaware River on the New Jersey border is fully electronic with E-ZPass and license plate toll. The terminus of the closed toll system of the Pennsylvania Turnpike was then moved 10 kilometers to the west.