Iceland Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | July 13, 2022

Religion in Iceland

Most of the believing population of Iceland is Lutheran, 4% belongs to other Protestant denominations, about 2% belongs to the Roman Catholic Church.

Transport in Iceland

The best way to get to Iceland is by plane. There are two international airports here – Reykjavik and Keflavik.

There are no railways in the country, but there is an extensive network of roads. There are regular bus services between many cities and towns. Along the coastline of the island stretches a circular highway 1400 km long. Bus tours on it are possible only in the summer. Also in Iceland, domestic air traffic is now developing rapidly. Traveling

in central Iceland it is best to rent a car. In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license and be over 21 years old (for SUV rental – over 25 years old).

Plant and Animal World in Iceland

Vegetation covers only a quarter of the country. Mostly mosses and herbs. 1% of the area is occupied by woody plants, for example, dwarf birches with trunks bent from strong winds; coniferous plantations have recently appeared. The central part of the country is devoid of vegetation and is a rocky desert.

Of the animals in Iceland, arctic foxes, reindeers, minks and mice live. Here you can see about 80 species of birds – swans, ducks and geese, and gulls and terns settle on the sea coast. There are trout in the lakes, and salmon in the rivers. Two species of seals and several species of whales live in coastal waters. Here are spawning grounds for cod, sea bass, haddock, halibut and shrimp.

Minerals in Iceland

Iceland has small deposits of brown coal, pumice and spar.

Banks in Iceland

Banks are open on weekdays from 9:15 to 16:00.

Money in Iceland

The national currency is the Icelandic krone. 1 Icelandic krone is equal to 100 aurar. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 5000, 1000, 500 and 100 crowns and coins of 50, 10, 5 and 1 crown, as well as 50 and 10 aurars.

You can exchange currency at banks or hotels. Regardless of the amount, commissions are charged for the exchange. Foreign traveler’s checks are cashed at any bank. Credit cards are accepted everywhere.

Rate: 1000 Icelandic Krona (ISK) = 8.59 USD

Political State in Iceland

According to politicsezine, Iceland is a republic. The head of state is the president. The executive power under the constitution is in the hands of the Government headed by the Prime Minister and the President, but this power of the President has a formal character, as well as his participation in legislative activities, which he carries out together with the unicameral parliament Althing.

Population in Iceland

The indigenous population of the country is the Icelanders (descendants of the Norwegian Vikings who came in antiquity). Danes, Germans and Norwegians also live in Iceland.

The official language is Icelandic. This is a dialect of the Old Norse language, which was formed by the 12th century. Since then, the language has remained virtually unchanged.

Cuisine in Iceland

Icelandic cuisine is very specific. It is based on seafood and lamb dishes.

Local meat restaurants offer blakiya (charred meat), hangikyot (smoked lamb), minced sheep liver “latur”, blood and liver sausages, as well as original “khrutspungur” (marinated young lamb testicles) and “Svid” (boiled sheep’s head).

It is worth trying dishes from seafood – whale meat, hardfiskur (dried haddock, cod or ocean catfish), marinated salmon with dill “gravlax”, smoked salmon, herring marinated with spices “seald” and a variety of fish sandwiches. “Hakarl” belongs to exotic fish dishes. This is fish or meat of marine mammals, which is stored in the ground for about 2 months, which is why it has a specific smell. Hakarl is served in small pieces filled with schnapps.

In Iceland they bake “volcanic” bread. To do this, in areas of active volcanism, the dough is placed in a metal container and left in the ground for a day, after which the finished loaf is taken out.

Dessert is usually served with a dairy dish “skyr” with berries, jam, ice cream, fruit or whipped cream.

Icelanders drink mainly coffee. The national alcoholic drink is the Icelandic brennyvinn vodka (potato drink flavored with cumin).

Grimsey (Iceland)

The city of Grimsey is located on Grimsey Island. The northern point of the island lies on the Arctic Circle, therefore, having been in Grimsey, you will receive a certificate for crossing the Arctic Circle. The city has an Arctic Botanical Garden, the northernmost botanical garden in the world, with about 400 species of arctic flora.

Grimsey is a great place for birdwatching. About 60 different species of birds live here. There is a ferry from Grimsey that runs along the northern coast of Iceland, where you can see whales, and it also passes along the northern part of the Eyjaafjordur fjord.

Grimsey (Iceland)