Hungary Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Hungary Basic Information

Subchapters:

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Hungary (until 2012 the official name of the country was the Republic of Hungary) is a parliamentary republic, where executive power is exercised by the government headed by the prime minister. Since 2010, the country has been ruled by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who is the chairman of the Fidesz party – the Hungarian Civil Union (the word Fidesz is an abbreviation for the Union of Young Democrats). Viktor Orbán is in the position of prime minister for the fifth time, the last time he became prime minister after the April elections in 2022. Elections to the unicameral parliament are held every four years. The next parliamentary elections should take place in the spring of 2026. The president, who will be Katalin Novák from May 10, 2022, has a primarily representative role in Hungary. From an administrative point of view, Hungary is divided into 19 regions and 23 cities with the status of a region. The capital Budapest is an independent administrative unit. Check computerminus to learn more about Hungary political system.

Ministries – ministers and political parties:

  • Deputy Prime Minister responsible for national policy, relations with churches and ethnic communities – Dr. Zsolt Semjen
  • Minister of the Government Office – Gergely Gulyás
  • Minister in the Prime Minister’s Cabinet – Antal Rogán
  • Minister of Justice – Judit Varga
  • Minister of Finance – Mihály Varga
  • Minister of Defense – Kristóf Szalay-Bobrovniczky
  • Minister of Culture and Innovation – János Csák
  • Minister of Construction and Investments – János Lázár
  • Minister of Technology and Industry – László Palkovics
  • Minister of Economic Development – ​​Márton Nagy
  • Minister of Agriculture – Dr. István Nagy
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade – Péter Szijjártó
  • Minister of the Interior – Dr. Sandor Pinter
  • Minister of Regional Development and Union Resources – Tibor Navracsics

Current information:

  • Office of the President
  • Parliament
  • Government Office

Foreign policy of the country

The foreign policy orientation of Hungary is determined by the membership in the European Union (since 2004), and the North Atlantic Alliance (since 1999). In the economic field, Hungary cooperates with a wide range of actors, including Russia (e.g. the construction of two new units at the nuclear power plant in Paks) or with East Asian countries, including China. Hungary is also an observer in the so-called Turkic Council. As for the European Union, the Hungarian member of the European Commission is Olivér Várhelyi, Commissioner for Neighborhood and Enlargement Policy. Hungary held the presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2011, the next presidency will take place in the second half of 2024. Check relationshipsplus for Hungary defense and foreign policy.

Population

Hungary is facing a gradual decline in population. The government is trying to support an increase in the birth rate through an active family policy.

The number of inhabitants in Hungary as of 1/1/2021 was 9,730,772 and compared to 2020 it decreased by 38,754 people. The number of men as of 1 January 2021 was 4,663,794 and women 5,066,978. According to preliminary data, 93,000 children were born between January and December 2021, which is 662 more children, i.e. 0.7% more than in in 2020. The total fertility rate increased with an estimated value of 1.56 per woman compared to 1.56 in 2020. From January to December 2020, 155,000 people died, i.e. by 9.9% (by 13,998 people ) more than in 2020. During this period, there was a natural population decline of 62,000 inhabitants. In 2021, the share of people under 14 was 14.6% (from 2015 to 2020 = 14.5%), the age group from 15 to 64 years 65.1% (long-term downward trend) and the age group from 65 years 20.3% (long-term increasing tendency).

The population density is 10 per 1 km2 (as of January 1, 2021). As of 1/1/2021, 1,723,836 people lived in Budapest, 5,102,987 people in other cities and 2,903,949 people in the countryside, i.e. 70.2% of the population lived in the city and 29.8% of the population lived in the countryside.

The labor activity of the age group between 15 and 74 years was 65.6% in 2021 (a long-term increasing tendency), the employment rate of the population in the age group 15-64 years was 73.1% (it had an increasing tendency until 2019, but in 2020 fell by 0.3% to 71.9%, but rose again in 2021).

The average age of the population was 4 years in 2021, 40.8 years for men, 4 years for women. This is a long-term slightly increasing trend. For every thousand men, there were 1,086 women in 2021 (a long-term slightly decreasing trend).

National composition: Hungarians 98.6% and others 1.4% (a large group includes Roma, Germans, Slovaks and Romanians. The data is based on the last census in 2011.

Religious composition: Important churches include Roman Catholic, to which 51.0% of the population subscribes, Reformed (15.9%), Evangelical (3.0%), Orthodox (0.2%) and Greek Catholic (2.5%). 0.2% claimed Judaism (Israelites). Atheists were 2.0%. During the census, 27.2% of the population refrained from stating which church or religious society they belong to. The data is based on the 2011 census.