According to dictionaryforall, Sicily can be reached by plane and ferry. There are 5 airports on the island, Falcone-Borsellino in Palermo and Fontanarossa in Catania receive international flights. Only connecting flights are organized from Moscow and St. Petersburg to both Sicilian cities. From Catania airport you can get to the center by bus and taxi, trains also run from Palermo airport.
Passenger ferries regularly depart from mainland Italy and some other countries (for example, from Tunisia and Malta) to Sicily. Ports are open in Pozzallo, Catania, Trapani and other cities, but the closest to the mainland is the coast of Messina.
Districts and resorts of Sicily
Officially, Sicily is divided into 9 provinces with the administrative center in Palermo. This sun-drenched city is not called an “open-air museum” for nothing: it deserves to be one of the five Italian cities with a unique architectural heritage. Local streets are a complete contrast: part of the center was destroyed during the Second World War and still lies in ruins. The pearls of Palermo are the magnificent Palazzo Normanni on Liberty Square, the picturesque church of La Martorana, and the Massimo Theater, the largest in Italy.
Not far from the capital is the town of Corleone, where the headquarters of the legendary Sicilian mafia were once based.
The geographical center of the island is the provinces of Enna and Caltanissetta. They are not as popular with tourists as the coastal areas, but there is something to see here. It is here that the largest natural reserves with ancient forests and lakes, as well as churches, castles and abbeys are located.
South of Sicily – Agrigento and Ragusa, washed by the gentle Mediterranean Sea. The main attractions of Agrigento are the Cathedral, the Church of Our Lady, the monastery of the Holy Spirit, but they all pale in comparison with the Valley of the Temples located right there. These are the world-famous Greek ruins of the 5th-6th centuries BC. e., striking the imagination with its monumentality. Ragusa is famous not only for its olive groves, but also for its luxurious architecture: its ancient streets with elegant churches and palazzos are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
with the center of the same name. Travelers love this region for its beautiful beaches and numerous attractions: luxurious villas, cathedrals and basilicas. The main tourist sites are the Sanctuary of the Virgin Mary, the Phoenician Salt Works and the Salt Museum.
Most of the guests from all over the world are on the eastern and northern coasts of the island. The treasures of Syracuse – the heart of the ancient world – are hidden in the Archaeological Museum and the excavation area with Greek and Roman theaters. Messina has been shrouded in legend since the time of Homer, a city of beautiful churches, medieval forts and countless fountains. Nearby is Taormina – the most popular resort, beloved by Nabokov and Dali, Dumas and Goethe. And Catania is built right at the foot of Etna and over the 3000 years of its existence has repeatedly risen from the ashes in the truest sense of the expression.
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Hotels in Sicily are clean, cozy and comfortable: they love and know how to receive guests here. You can settle all over the island: Palermo is chosen by those who prefer to be in the center of events, Taormina by party-goers, Catania and Agrigento by families with children, Syracuse by connoisseurs of ancient culture.
Most three-star hotels offer services that are optimal in terms of price and quality. Most often they operate on the principle of “bed and breakfast”, many establishments organize a transfer to the coastal zone. The cost of accommodation is from 25 EUR per night.
4 * hotels provide guests with a high level of comfort: the rooms here are cozy, and the service is not too different from the service in more expensive “fives”. Almost all hotels on the coasts have their own beach. The cost of rooms is from 40 EUR per day.
All the benefits of a high-class holiday can be experienced by staying in a five-star hotel. There are fashionable restaurants, and modern spas, and luxurious views from the windows. You will have to pay for pleasure from 90 EUR per day.
Sicily has a well-developed network of railways and motorways. One of the most convenient modes of transport is the train. Railway lines connect Messina with Palermo and Syracuse, Catania with Agrigento, Trapani with Alcamo. Tickets are purchased at the station ticket office just before departure, the price depends on the route. For example, a trip from Palermo to Taormina costs from 15 EUR, other prices can be found on the carrier’s website (in English).
Railways run only along the coast, and it is often faster to travel between cities by bus. Intercity transportation is carried out by AST, Etna, SAIS and Interbus. Tickets are sold from drivers, at newspaper and tobacco kiosks and carriers’ offices, bus stations are most often located near railway stations. The cost of the trip also depends on the route: for example, a trip from Palermo to Catania will cost 15 EUR and take 2 hours.
Intracity routes are owned by the carrier AST. In order for the bus to stop (even at a designated stop), you will have to raise your hand. A ticket for 90 minutes costs 1.40 EUR, a day pass – 6 EUR, for 3 days – 16.50 EUR. Palermo has a metro with 3 lines and 24 stations, the ticket price is 1.30 EUR.
Both on trains and on buses, tickets must be stamped to avoid a serious fine.
Ferries are the most convenient way to get to the adjacent islands, but regular flights also connect some Sicilian cities. So, you can get by sea from Palermo to Milazzo for 60 EUR. It is also pleasant to go around the picturesque Italian countryside on two-wheeled transport: for a day of riding a bicycle you will need to pay from 10 EUR, on a moped – from 25 EUR.
Rent a Car
Sicily is full of beauty, and to take away the most vivid impressions of the island with you, you definitely need to rent a car. Traffic jams are rare here, only the quality of the roads leaves much to be desired: there are often potholes and fences, stones and branches are scattered along the sides. But for safe movement around the island, it is enough to keep your attention while driving.
Rental offices (Hertz, Budjet, Sixt, Locauto, Green Motion and others) are located in all major cities, but at the height of the tourist season there are still not enough cars, and cars need to be booked in advance. Renting an economy class model will cost 30 EUR, station wagon – 45 EUR, cabriolet – 130 EUR, minivan – 215 EUR per day. The cost of gasoline is 2.50 EUR per liter.
Free parking is marked with lines: white – temporary, yellow – unlimited (only for Sicilians), blue – night (you have to pay during the day).
With parking lots in Sicily, the situation is tense: free space is a big luck. Parking tickets are sold at tobacconists, an hour of parking costs 1-3 EUR. For the most desperate, there are unguarded parchegio libero parking lots located on the outskirts. They are free, but the safety of the car cannot be guaranteed here.