Pennsylvania, state in the northeastern United States with an area of 119,283 km². The state’s nickname is Keystone State. The capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg. According to ablogtophone, about 12.7 million people live in the state. Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties.
The first Europeans to settle in the present state of Pennsylvania were the Dutch and Swedes. They settled on the west side of the Delaware River. Fort Chistina was conquered by the Dutch in 1638. The area of the present state came into British hands in 1664. The British Quaker William Penn is considered the founder of the ‘British province’ of Pennsylvania. In 1681 he obtained a charter for the area whose capital he named Philadelphia (brotherly love). The state is named after the British. Pennsylvania loosely translated means ‘land of the forests of Penn’.
The Pennsylvania colony flourished mainly due to an influx of German, Scottish and Irish immigrants. William Penn pursued a peaceful policy towards the native inhabitants of the area, the Native Americans. However, this policy was often not supported by immigrants. In particular, Scots and Irish took possession of areas of the Indians in a virtually unauthorized manner. The Indians revolted en masse in 1863 but were defeated at the Battle of Bushy Run.
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Pennsylvania sided with the Union of Northern States. The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania was a defining moment in that conflict.
Flag and motto
According to bestitude, the Pennsylvania state flag features the coat of arms of the United States with a horse to the left and right. An eagle can be seen above the shield. Below the shield is a ribbon bearing the state motto: Virtue, Liberty and Independence. The coat of arms itself shows a ship, plow and three bales of wheat. These are supposed to symbolize the commerce, labor and agriculture of the state of Pennsylvania.
Upper Delaware S&RR
The Delaware River, flowing through the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, is one of the last major rivers in America that is not interrupted by a dam or other control structure along its main course. It is considered a river with exceptional water quality, therefore it has also been declared a protected river by the state and is under the protection of the National Park Service. The river crosses an area of low wooded mountains, but also crosses a mountain ridge, where it subsequently forms the interesting area of Water Gap.
The Upper Delaware includes five counties located along the river. They are Delaware, Orange and Sullivan in New York, Pike and Wayne in Pennsylvania. Roebling’s Delaware Aqueduct and the Zane Gray Museum are also part of the preserve. The Upper Delaware stretches for 117 km, most of the land along the river is privately owned, with only about 12 hectares owned by the federal government today. On the upper reaches of the Delaware River we find the Hudson Canal, a waterway that was used in the past to transport coal to New York. The Hudson Canal was in operation from 1828 to 1898. It was allegedly operated by the first private company in the United States. Today, the remains of this canal are considered a historical monument.
The surroundings are interesting mainly because the Delaware River has created beautiful geological formations here over the millennia. However, you can also enjoy beautiful nature, rural scenery, waterfalls, and the historic Millbrook Village is definitely worth a visit. Visitors can enjoy hiking, canoeing, swimming, biking, horseback riding, or camping in the Upper Delaware area. Hunting and fishing is allowed here only in season and on the basis of a state license. The park is open to the public every day throughout the year. The road to it can only be closed due to the amount of snow, ice, or other dangerous conditions.
The Delaware Water Gap is a popular destination for tourists from all over America, in 2009 Forbes Traveler magazine listed it as the 14th most visited destination in the US. Numerous copper mines from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries are located around the Delaware River, adding to its appeal. We also find the Abraham van Carpen house from 1725, which is the oldest house in Warren County.
Valley Forge National Historical Park
Valley Forge National Historical Park is located on the site where the Continental Army spent the winter of 1777-1778 during the American Revolutionary War. It is a place near Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, where the remains of the camps of that time are still visible today. There are also numerous historical buildings, monuments, museums and, recently, recreational facilities.
Although there were no battles or artillery shelling, more than 2,000 soldiers died here. They succumbed to hunger, the cold, or the insidious diseases that spread that way during that harsh winter. Such a high number of dead was not counted even in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown.
Today, the park covers an area of 1,400 hectares and is visited by over 1.2 million people a year. Here, visitors can see the reconstructed buildings that the Continental soldiers used to live in. The park includes a visitor center and museum with original artifacts that help introduce visitors to American history and the Revolution and the Valley Forge area. It is possible to undertake trips and various activities in this area all year round – you will find around 42 km of hiking and cycling routes that are connected to a system of regional tracks. You have the opportunity to view wildlife, fish or even paddle down the nearby Schuylkill River.
Among the historical monuments in the park, you will also find a statue of General “Mad Anthony” Wayne and Baron Friedrich von Steuben. There is also a monument to African-American patriots – Monument to Patriots of African Descent.