Oregon, state in the northwest of America with an area of 255,026 km². According to ablogtophone, Oregon has about 3.8 million inhabitants and is nicknamed Beaver State. Salem is the state capital.
As far as is known, British navigator Captain Robert Gray was the first white person to enter the area of what is now the state of Oregon. He discovered the Columbia River in 1792. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to explore the continent and also visit the state of Oregon. Lewis and Clark spent the winter there in the winter of 1805-1806.
In 1811 the Americans established Fort Astoria. This fort was to serve as a center for fur trade, but America lost the fort to the British in 1813. America and Great Britain reached a compromise in 1818 and jointly occupied the area from then on. After this, the American colonization of the area got under way and in 1846 the American government succeeded in signing an agreement with the British, making the area officially American from then on. Two years later (1848) the Oregon Territory was established. This territory was much larger than the present state, encompassing the entire area between the Rocky Mountains and the sea. In 1853, due to the division of the Washington territory, the territory became a lot smaller.
According to bestitude, Oregon joined the Union as a state on February 14, 1859.
The Oregon state flag was adopted on February 26, 1925 and has not been changed since. On the front of the blue flag is the seal of the state, surrounded by 33 stars. This refers to Oregon being the thirty – third state to join the United States. The year under the seal also refers to this historical event.
The back of the flag features an image of a North American beaver. This animal is the symbol of the state. Oregon is the only US state to have a flag where the front and back sides are different.
Oregon Caves National Monument
The Oregon Caves National Monument is located on the north side of the Siskiyou Mountains in the southwest of the US state of Oregon. The protected area covers an area of 197 hectares and we can find unique marble caves here. The first white man to discover the caves was a local man named Elijah Davidson in 1874. At that time, he was hunting in these places with his dog, which drove a bear into this very cave.
The caves soon became a popular attraction and were opened for commercial use as early as 1890. In 1909, at the insistence of Joaquin Miller and other influential men, the caves were declared a national monument by the then US President William Howard Taft. The Oregon Caves have been protected by the National Park Service since 1933.
The caves in Oregon Caves measure a total of 5.6 km and are one of the largest sets of caves in the USA, home to endemic species of various insects. Recently, however, the remains of animals from the Pleistocene period have also been found here. These are, for example, the bones of a jaguar living in North America at that time or the remains of a grizzly bear. The tour of the caves takes about 90 minutes. As it stays at a stable 7 degrees Celsius inside, it is a good idea to dress properly before entering the cave. It is open year-round except for Thanksgiving and Christmas. There is a fee to enter the caves. You must be taller than 110 cm to participate in the cave tour.
In the vicinity of this important monument, there are the remains of old coniferous forests. Among the trees we can even find giants, such as the Douglas fir tree, whose trunk is 4 meters in diameter. Four hiking routes pass through the forest, which are not difficult at all, and on them you can get to know the surroundings perfectly. The old Chateau serves as a tourist center, where visitors can even spend the night.
The climate in this region is strongly influenced by the proximity of the Pacific Ocean, which contributes to relatively mild winters and pleasant summers. The park is located high on the watershed of the Illinois River, which is a tributary of the Rogue River. These waters are abundant with salmon and trout that come here to spawn.
In addition to being a National Monument, the Oregon Caves are also home to several interesting historic buildings. These include the Oregon Caves Chateau from 1934, The Ranger Residence, The Chalet from 1942 and the old staff dormitory from 1927. The Oregon Caves Chateau was built by architect Gust Lium in a rustic style. It is an architecturally significant building, which does not lack rooms for guests, a cafe, a dining room, a gift shop and other halls. It is considered to be one of the best preserved classic lodges located in the national park. Even today, it is in almost original condition, but during its existence it has undergone many modifications and improvements.